Argentina
in South America
South America

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Peso - ARS
Spoken languages:
Spanish, English, Italian, German, French, Guarani
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
850 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
AR
Internet top level domain:
.ar
Country phone prefix:
+54
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Argentina in South America

Safety Score: 3,7 of 5.0 based on data from 9 authorites. Meaning please reconsider your need to travel to Argentina.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Argentina. Last Update: 2020-09-18 07:21:36

Explore Argentina

Argentina with its capital Buenos Aires is located in South America (Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 2,780,401 square kilometers (slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US) with 44,293,300 citizens. Spanish, English, Italian, German, French and Guarani are the languages commonly used by the people in Argentina (consider regional differences). Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay are bordering countries.

Argentina is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America. Argentina is the second-largest country in [[South America]] and the eighth-largest in the world. The name Argentina derives from argentum, the Latin word for silver, which is what early Spanish explorers sought when they first reached the region in the sixteenth century. The central region of Argentina is the rich plain known as La Pampa. There is jungle in the extreme northeast. The southern half of Argentina is dominated by the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The western border with Chile is along the rugged Andes mountains, including the Aconcagua, the highest mountain outside the Himalayas.

Popular Destinations in Argentina

Administrative regions of Argentina

About the country

The landscape is rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border. The average density of population is about 16 per km². The climate in Argentina can be described as mostly temperatearid in southeast, subantarctic in southwest. Potential threats by nature are heavy flooding in some areas, pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast, San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes and volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains along the Chilean border; Copahue (2,997 m) last erupted in 2000; other historically active volcanoes include Llullaillaco, Maipo, Planchon-Peteroa, San Jose, Tromen, Tupungatito, and Viedma.

To reach someone Argentina dial +54 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 850 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ar". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I). The sign for the locally used currency Peso is ARS.

Three equal horizontal bands of sky blue (top), white, and sky blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face (delineated in brown) known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.

Flag of Argentina

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. The years 2003-15 saw Peronist rule by Nestor and Cristina FERNANDEZ de KIRCHNER, whose policies isolated Argentina and caused economic stagnation. With the election of Mauricio MACRI in November 2015, Argentina began a period of reform and international reintegration.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 9) 2,780,400sq km
Land (World Rank: 9) 2,736,690sq km
Water (World Rank: 16) 43,710sq km
Forest (World Rank: 38) 39.60%
Comparative slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US
Coastline
4989
Landborder
11968
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 66) -105m
Highest point (World Rank: 10) 6,962m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 61) 53.90%
Arable (World Rank: 85) 13.90%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 155) 0.40%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 38) 39.60%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 25) 23,600sq km
Map reference
South America
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution
  • - and water pollution note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets
  • - desertification
  • - environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation
  • - soil degradation
Agreement party
  • - Antarctic Seals
  • - Antarctic Treaty
  • - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol
  • - Antarctic-Marine Living Resources
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Agreement signed Marine Life Conservation
Hazzards
  • - heavy flooding in some areas
  • - pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast
  • - San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes
  • - volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains along the Chilean border; Copahue (2,997 m) last erupted in 2000; other historically active volcanoes include Llullaillaco, Maipo, Planchon-Peteroa, San Jose, Tromen, Tupungatito, and Viedma
Location
Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
Climate
mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest
Terrain
rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 31) 44,293,300
Deathrate (World Rank: 109) 0.75%
Birthrate (World Rank: 109) 1.67%
Growthrate (World Rank: 121) 0.91%
Migration rate (World Rank: 69) -0.01%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 92) 2.26%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 106) 30.50
Female (World Rank: 95) 32.90
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 35) 5,612,770
0 14 female (World Rank: 35) 5,278,860
15 24 male (World Rank: 32) 3,460,280
15 24 female (World Rank: 32) 3,307,230
25 54 male (World Rank: 31) 8,707,820
25 54 female (World Rank: 30) 8,733,370
55 64 male (World Rank: 29) 1,963,920
55 64 female (World Rank: 30) 2,081,800
65 x male (World Rank: 24) 2,159,810
65 x female (World Rank: 24) 2,987,450
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 136) 0.98%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 72) 77years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 68) 81years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 74) 74years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 21) 3.76
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 42) 4.70
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 64) 96.40%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 30) 28.30%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 64) 99.10%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 30) 133,800,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 30) 122,500,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 83) 55,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 27) 9,018,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 113) 66.90%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 128) 4.30%
Source renew (World Rank: 110) 2.50%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 27) 510,600bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 44) 38,600bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 76) 10,180bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 35) 2,185,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 25) 687,100bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 26) 803,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 50) 52,500bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 46) 145,000bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 23) 36,400,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 16) 72,030,000,000
Export (World Rank: 48) 80,000,000
Import (World Rank: 52) 0
Carbon footprint
202000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 47) 6% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 119) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 148) 5% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 161) -6% of GDP
National symbol
Sun of May
National colours
white
Adjective
Argentine
Noun
Argentine(s)
Background
In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. The years 2003-15 saw Peronist rule by Nestor and Cristina FERNANDEZ de KIRCHNER, whose policies isolated Argentina and caused economic stagnation. With the election of Mauricio MACRI in November 2015, Argentina began a period of reform and international reintegration.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of sky blue (top), white, and sky blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face (delineated in brown) known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 26) 874,300,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 198) -2.20%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 85) 20,100USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 84) 10.60%
Source industry (World Rank: 90) 28.30%
Source service (World Rank: 112) 61.10%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 35) 17,760,000
In poverty (World Rank: 51) 32.20%
Products
Industries
  • - chemicals
  • - consumer durables
  • - food processing
  • - metallurgy
  • - motor vehicles
  • - petrochemicals
  • - printing
  • - steel
  • - textiles
Agriculture
  • - corn
  • - grapes
  • - lemons
  • - livestock
  • - peanuts
  • - soybeans
  • - sunflower seeds
  • - tea
  • - tobacco
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - corn
  • - derivatives
  • - gas
  • - petroleum
  • - soybeans
  • - vehicles
  • - wheat
Imports
  • - machinery
  • - motor vehicles
  • - natural gas
  • - organic chemicals
  • - petroleum
  • - plastics

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 19) 9,938,630
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 76) 23.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 31) 146.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 24) 30,786,900
Population (World Rank: 73) 70.20%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 13) 161.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 4) 977
Heliports (World Rank: 67) 2.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 8) 36,917
Road
Total length (World Rank: 22) 231,374
Paved length (World Rank: 40) 69,412
Unpaved length (World Rank: 14) 161,962
Water
Total length (World Rank: 12) 11,000