Discover Mali in Africa

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service has marked this country as DO NOT TRAVEL. This means that travelling this country can result in potentially life-threatening situations! If you really have to go: Check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Mali with its capital Bamako is located in Africa (interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria). It covers some 1,240,001 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Texas) with 12,324,000 citizens. French and Bambara are the official languages used in Mali. Senegal, Niger, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mauritania and Burkina Faso are bordering countries.

Mali is a landlocked country in the Sahel, bordered by Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania. Festival in the Desert takes place in January on the sand northwest of Timbuktu. Three days of amazing music, under the stars and the moon, tiny tents, camel races, and more music and dancing. The Great Mosque The Great Mosque is made completely of mud, was made in 1906, and it has five stories and three towers. Every spring the people replaster the Mosque. Regretfully, entrance to non-muslims is not allowed.

Pictures from the Malian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Bamako is like. We have selected more pictures from Bamako on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

The topography features mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand with savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast. The average density of population is about 10 per km². The climate in Mali can be described as subtropical to arid with hot and dry (February to June), rainy, humid, and mild (June to November), cool and dry (November to February). Potential natural disasters are hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons or recurring droughts or occasional Niger River flooding.

To reach someone in Mali dial +223 prior to a number. There are 81,000 installed telephones. And there are 3,742,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ml". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Mali

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; the colors from left to right are the same as those of neighboring Senegal (which has an additional green central star) and the reverse of those on the flag of neighboring Guinea.

National administrative regions of Mali

Historical background information

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup that ushered in a period of democratic rule. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first two democratic presidential elections in 1992 and 1997. In keeping with Mali''s two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was elected to a second term in 2007 elections that were widely judged to be free and fair. Malian returnees from Libya in 2011 exacerbated tensions in northern Mali, and Tuareg ethnic militias started a rebellion in January 2012. Low- and mid-level soldiers, frustrated with the poor handling of the rebellion overthrew TOURE on 22 March. Intensive mediation efforts led by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) returned power to a civilian administration in April with the appointment of interim President Dioncounda TRAORE. The post-coup chaos led to rebels expelling the Malian military from the three northern regions of the country and allowed Islamic militants to set up strongholds. Hundreds of thousands of northern Malians fled the violence to southern Mali and neighboring countries, exacerbating regional food insecurity in host communities. A military intervention to retake the three northern regions began in January 2013 and within a month most of the north had been retaken. Democratic elections are scheduled for mid-2013.

Demographic Information

Mali has 6 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 4 of this count (which is 67%). 2,565,536 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 19% of the total population). 46.1 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Malian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Mali

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Senegal, Niger, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mauritania, Burkina Faso
Capital: Bamako
Size 1,240,000 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 478,767 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Population 12,324,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XOF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ml
Telephone Country Prefix +223
Mobile Phone Connections 3,742,000
Landline Phone Connections 81,000
Military Spendings 1.9% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 1,240,192 (sq km) 24

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 15,968,882 66
Population growth rate 3.01 (%) 9
Birth rate 46.06 (births/1,000 population) 2
Death rate 13.55 (deaths/1,000 population) 16
Net migration rate -2.41 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 169
Maternal mortality rate 540.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 16
Infant mortality rate 106.49 (deaths/1,000 live births) 2
Life expectancy at birth 54.55 (years) 204
Total fertility rate 6.25 (children born/woman) 2
Health expenditures 5.00 (% of GDP) 141
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.00 (%) 47
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 76,000 47
HIV/AIDS - deaths 4,400 41
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.30 (%) 166
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 27.90 (%) 22
Education expenditures 4.80 (% of GDP) 82


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 18,280,000,000 136
GDP - real growth rate -1.20 (%) 201
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,100 214
Labor force 3,241,000 101
Unemployment rate 30.00 (%) 181
Distribution of family income - Gini index 40 59
Taxes and other revenues 13.5 (% of GDP) 199
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.90 (% of GDP) 187
Public debt 23.20 (% of GDP) 124
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.50 (%) 170
Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 90
Commercial bank prime lending rate 9.00 (%) 102
Stock of narrow money 2,382,000,000 122
Stock of broad money 3,401,000,000 141
Stock of domestic credit 1,938,000,000 139
Current account balance -1,421,000,000 123
Exports 2,557,000,000 137
Imports 3,209,000,000 146
Debt - external 2,725,000,000 136
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 2,556,000,000 91
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 77,440,000 86


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 520,000,000 (kWh) 161
Electricity - consumption 483,600,000 (kWh) 169
Electricity - installed generating capacity 304000 (kW) 149
Electricity - from fossil fuels 48.4 (% of total installed capacity) 159
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 51.6 (% of total installed capacity) 40
Refined petroleum products - consumption 4,994 (bbl/day) 170
Refined petroleum products - imports 4,568 (bbl/day) 160
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 893,700 (Mt) 169


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 104,700 145
Telephones - mobile cellular 10,822,000 70
Internet hosts 437 187
Internet users 249,800 135


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 21 135
Railways 593 (km) 109
Roadways 18,912 (km) 113
Waterways 1,800 (km) 44


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.30 (% of GDP) 113

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.