Explore Mali in Africa
Mali with its capital Bamako is located in Africa (interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria). It covers some 1,240,001 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Texas) with 12,324,000 citizens. French and Bambara are the the official languages used in Mali. Senegal, Niger, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mauritania and Burkina Faso are bordering countries.
Mali is a landlocked country in the Sahel, bordered by Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania. Festival in the Desert takes place in January on the sand northwest of Timbuktu. Three days of amazing music, under the stars and the moon, tiny tents, camel races, and more music and dancing. The Great Mosque The Great Mosque is made completely of mud, was made in 1906, and it has five stories and three towers. Every spring the people replaster the Mosque. Regretfully, entrance to non-muslims is not allowed.
Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling
The topography features mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand with savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast. The average density of population is about 10 per km². The climate in Mali can be described as subtropical to arid with hot and dry (February to June), rainy, humid, and mild (June to November), cool and dry (November to February). Potential natural disasters are hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons or recurring droughts or occasional Niger River flooding.
To reach someone in Mali dial +223 prior to a number. There are 81,000 installed telephones. And there are 3,742,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ml". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.
Learn more on our Malian Facts page.
Description of the flag of Mali
Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; the colors from left to right are the same as those of neighboring Senegal (which has an additional green central star) and the reverse of those on the flag of neighboring Guinea.
National administrative regions of Mali
Historical background information
The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup that ushered in a period of democratic rule. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first two democratic presidential elections in 1992 and 1997. In keeping with Mali''s two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was elected to a second term in 2007 elections that were widely judged to be free and fair. Malian returnees from Libya in 2011 exacerbated tensions in northern Mali, and Tuareg ethnic militias started a rebellion in January 2012. Low- and mid-level soldiers, frustrated with the poor handling of the rebellion overthrew TOURE on 22 March. Intensive mediation efforts led by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) returned power to a civilian administration in April with the appointment of interim President Dioncounda TRAORE. The post-coup chaos led to rebels expelling the Malian military from the three northern regions of the country and allowed Islamic militants to set up strongholds. Hundreds of thousands of northern Malians fled the violence to southern Mali and neighboring countries, exacerbating regional food insecurity in host communities. A military intervention to retake the three northern regions began in January 2013 and within a month most of the north had been retaken. Democratic elections are scheduled for mid-2013.
Learn more on our Malian Facts page.
Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.