Explore Haiti in North America

Haiti
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Haiti with its capital Port-au-Prince is located in North America (Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola). It covers some 27,751 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 8,924,000 citizens. Haitian; Haitian Creole and French are the the languages spoken by people in Haiti. Dominican Republic is a bordering country.

Haiti is a Caribbean country that occupies the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola. The eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola is occupied by the Dominican Republic. Haiti is a country with a troubled past, and its future still remains uncertain. Decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, instability, dictatorship, and coups have left it the poorest nation in the western hemisphere.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

8, Rue Legitime
Champ de Mars
Port-au-Prince
Haiti

Phone: +509 221 5960
Phone: +509 222 8659

The topography features mostly rough and mountainous. The average density of population is about 322 per km². The climate in Haiti can be described as tropical with semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds. Potential natural disasters are lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October or occasional flooding and earthquakes or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Haiti dial +509 prior to a number. There are 108,300 installed telephones. And there are 3,648,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of none Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ht". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 110V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Haitian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Haiti

Two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength); the colors are taken from the French Tricolor and represent the union of blacks and mulattoes.

National administrative regions of Haiti

Historical background information

The native Taino - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L''OUVERTURE. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first post-colonial black-led nation in the world, declaring its independence in 1804. Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has experienced political instability for most of its history. After an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, an interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations. Continued instability and technical delays prompted repeated postponements, but Haiti inaugurated a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006. This was followed by contested elections in 2010 that resulted in the election of Haiti''s current President, Michel MARTELLY. A massive magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years.

Learn more on our Haitian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.