Discover Argentina in South America

Argentina with its capital Buenos Aires is located in South America (Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 2,766,891 square kilometres (slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US) with 40,677,000 citizens. Spanish, English, Italian, German and French are the languages commonly used by the people in Argentina (consider regional differences). Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil are bordering countries.

Argentina is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America. Argentina is the second-largest country in [[South America]] and the eighth-largest in the world. The name Argentina derives from argentum, the Latin word for silver, which is what early Spanish explorers sought when they first reached the region in the sixteenth century. The central region of Argentina is the rich plain known as La Pampa. There is jungle in the extreme northeast. The southern half of Argentina is dominated by the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The western border with Chile is along the rugged Andes mountains, including the Aconcagua, the highest mountain outside the Himalayas.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Argentina Tourism

The landscape features rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border. The average density of population is about 15 per km². The climate in Argentina can be described as mostly temperate with arid in southeast, subantarctic in southwest. Potential threats by nature are San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes or pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast or heavy flooding in some areas.

To reach someone in Argentina dial +54 prior to a number. There are 9,764,000 installed telephones. And there are 51,891,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ar". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Argentina

Three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.

National administrative regions of Argentina

Historical background information

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina''s history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. In January 2013, Argentina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

Demographic Information

Argentina has 4,283 citizens over the age of 100 years. Women make up for 3,043 of this count (which is 71%). 3,614,655 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 9% of the total population). 17.8 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Argentine Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Argentina

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil
Capital: Buenos Aires
Size 2,766,890 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,068,302 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US
Population 40,677,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Peso, Currency Code: ARS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ar
Telephone Country Prefix +54
Mobile Phone Connections 51,891,000
Landline Phone Connections 9,764,000
Military Spendings 0.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 2,780,400 (sq km) 8

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 42,610,981 32
Population growth rate 0.98 (%) 118
Birth rate 17.12 (births/1,000 population) 113
Death rate 7.35 (deaths/1,000 population) 119
Maternal mortality rate 77.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 84
Infant mortality rate 10.24 (deaths/1,000 live births) 143
Life expectancy at birth 77.32 (years) 68
Total fertility rate 2.27 (children born/woman) 97
Health expenditures 8.10 (% of GDP) 58
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.50 (%) 69
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 110,000 39
HIV/AIDS - deaths 2,900 46
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29.70 (%) 29
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 2.30 (%) 113
Education expenditures 5.80 (% of GDP) 44
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 18.7 (%) 66


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 755,300,000,000 23
GDP - real growth rate 1.90 (%) 141
GDP - per capita (PPP) 18,400 74
Labor force 17,070,000 36
Unemployment rate 7.20 (%) 79
Distribution of family income - Gini index 46 36
Investment (gross fixed) 19.20 (% of GDP) 109
Taxes and other revenues 24.7 (% of GDP) 127
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.20 (% of GDP) 116
Public debt 41.60 (% of GDP) 87
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 25.00 (%) 219
Commercial bank prime lending rate 14.09 (%) 56
Stock of narrow money 60,660,000,000 45
Stock of broad money 148,600,000,000 50
Stock of domestic credit 158,700,000,000 45
Market value of publicly traded shares 63,910,000,000 50
Industrial production growth rate 6.50 (%) 44
Current account balance 1,433,000,000 40
Exports 85,360,000,000 45
Imports 67,330,000,000 45
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 41,200,000,000 45
Debt - external 141,100,000,000 36
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 100,400,000,000 40
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 32,730,000,000 41


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 116,000,000,000 (kWh) 33
Electricity - consumption 104,200,000,000 (kWh) 32
Electricity - exports 1,701,000,000 (kWh) 45
Electricity - imports 10,300,000,000 (kWh) 22
Electricity - installed generating capacity 32070000 (kW) 27
Electricity - from fossil fuels 65.4 (% of total installed capacity) 125
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 3.2 (% of total installed capacity) 26
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 28.3 (% of total installed capacity) 80
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 98
Crude oil - production 734,000 (bbl/day) 27
Crude oil - exports 93,600 (bbl/day) 39
Crude oil - proved reserves 2820000000 (bbl) 33
Refined petroleum products - production 604,200 (bbl/day) 31
Refined petroleum products - consumption 678,100 (bbl/day) 28
Refined petroleum products - exports 66,700 (bbl/day) 52
Refined petroleum products - imports 37,260 (bbl/day) 79
Natural gas - production 40,100,000,000 (cu m) 26
Natural gas - consumption 43,290,000,000 (cu m) 23
Natural gas - exports 420,000,000 (cu m) 43
Natural gas - imports 3,610,000,000 (cu m) 39
Natural gas - proved reserves 378,800,000,000 (cu m) 37
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 169,800,000 (Mt) 32


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 10,140,000 22
Telephones - mobile cellular 55,000,000 24
Internet hosts 11,232,000 13
Internet users 13,694,000 28


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 1,149 6
Railways 36,966 (km) 8
Roadways 231,374 (km) 21
Waterways 11,000 (km) 11
Merchant marine 36 80


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.50 (% of GDP) 163

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.