Explore Argentina in South America

Argentina
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Argentina with its capital Buenos Aires is located in South America (Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 2,766,891 square kilometres (slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US) with 40,677,000 citizens. Spanish, English, Italian, German and French are the languages commonly used by the people in Argentina (consider regional differences). Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil are bordering countries.

Argentina is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America. Argentina is the second-largest country in [[South America]] and the eighth-largest in the world. The name Argentina derives from argentum, the Latin word for silver, which is what early Spanish explorers sought when they first reached the region in the sixteenth century. The central region of Argentina is the rich plain known as La Pampa. There is jungle in the extreme northeast. The southern half of Argentina is dominated by the flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia. The western border with Chile is along the rugged Andes mountains, including the Aconcagua, the highest mountain outside the Himalayas.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Website: Argentina Tourism

The landscape features rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border. The average density of population is about 15 per km². The climate in Argentina can be described as mostly temperate with arid in southeast, subantarctic in southwest. Potential threats by nature are San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes or pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast or heavy flooding in some areas.

To reach someone in Argentina dial +54 prior to a number. There are 9,764,000 installed telephones. And there are 51,891,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ar". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Argentine Facts page.

Description of the flag of Argentina

Three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.

National administrative regions of Argentina

Historical background information

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina''s history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. In January 2013, Argentina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

Learn more on our Argentine Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.