Nigeria
in Western Africa
Africa

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Naira - NGN
Spoken languages:
English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulah
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: D, G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
NG
Internet top level domain:
.ng
Country phone prefix:
+234
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Nigeria in Western Africa

Safety Score: 3,0 of 5.0 based on data from 6 authorites. Meaning we advice caution when travelling to Nigeria.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Nigeria. Last Update: 2018-12-18 07:19:02

Explore Nigeria

Nigeria with its capital Abuja is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 923,769 square kilometers (about six times the size of Georgia) with a population of 190,632,000. English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Fulah are the languages spoken by people in Nigeria (consider regional differences). Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger are bordering countries.

Nigeria is a country in equatorial West Africa. It is the continent's most populous nation. There are many types of traditional cuisine to enjoy. For example: afang soup, okra soup, owo soup and starch in the Niger Delta, plantain (fried, boiled, roasted), pepper soup, amala, eba, efo, pounded yam (iyan - Yoruba for pounded yam pronounce ee-yarn ), jollof rice, ground nut soup, ogbono soup, isi ewu (goat's head stew), egusi soup, suya (kebab), moin moin, ewedu, gbegiri soup (beans soup), edikangikong, ground-rice, puff-puff, chin chin, ikokore, owerri soup (ofe owerri), which is the most expensive African soup in Nigeria.

Impressions from the Nigerian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Nigeria

Administrative regions of Nigeria

About the country

The topography is southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus with mountains in southeast, plains in north. The average density of population is about 206 per km². The climate in Nigeria can be described as varying with equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north. Potential natural disasters are flooding periodic droughts

To reach someone Nigeria dial +234 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ng". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: D, G). The sign for the locally used currency Naira is NGN.

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity.

Flag of Nigeria

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy. After independence in 1960, politics were marked by coups and mostly military rule, until the death of a military head of state in 1998 allowed for a political transition. In 1999, a new constitution was adopted and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of institutionalizing democracy and reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. The 2015 election is considered the most well run in Nigeria since the return to civilian rule, with the umbrella opposition party, the All Progressives Congress, defeating the long-ruling People's Democratic Party that had governed since 1999.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 33) 923,768sq km
Land (World Rank: 31) 910,768sq km
Water (World Rank: 41) 13,000sq km
Forest (World Rank: 47) 33.30%
Comparative about six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California
Coastline
853
Landborder
4477
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 106) 2,419m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 8) 78.00%
Arable (World Rank: 21) 37.30%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 45) 7.40%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 47) 33.30%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 70) 2,930sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - air
  • - and soil
  • - desertification
  • - has suffered serious damage from oil spills
  • - loss of arable land
  • - oil pollution - water
  • - rapid deforestation
  • - rapid urbanization
  • - soil degradation
  • - urban air and water pollution
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Marine Life Conservation
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards
  • - flooding
  • - periodic droughts
Location
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Climate
varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
Terrain
southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 7) 190,632,000
Deathrate (World Rank: 19) 1.24%
Birthrate (World Rank: 13) 3.69%
Growthrate (World Rank: 25) 2.43%
Migration rate (World Rank: 74) -0.02%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 12) 5.07%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 205) 18.30
Female (World Rank: 210) 18.50
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 3) 41,506,300
0 14 female (World Rank: 3) 39,595,700
15 24 male (World Rank: 6) 19,094,900
15 24 female (World Rank: 6) 18,289,500
25 54 male (World Rank: 9) 30,066,200
25 54 female (World Rank: 9) 28,537,800
55 64 male (World Rank: 17) 3,699,950
55 64 female (World Rank: 17) 3,870,080
65 x male (World Rank: 19) 2,825,130
65 x female (World Rank: 23) 3,146,640
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 8) 6.98%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 211) 54years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 211) 55years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 213) 53years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 135) 0.38
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 182) 29.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 144) 8.90%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 180) 68.50%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 64) 29,830,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 67) 24,570,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 90) 80.30%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 86) 19.50%
Source renew (World Rank: 157) 0.20%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 13) 1,871,000bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 6) 2,279,000bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 10) 37,060,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 71) 70,140bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 42) 316,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 81) 11,010bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 33) 180,100bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 17) 45,150,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 37) 26,860,000,000
Export (World Rank: 13) 26,330,000,000
Carbon footprint
97000000

Nation

Budget
Military (World Rank: 146) 0% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 167) 4% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 105) -3% of GDP
National symbol
eagle
National colours
white
Adjective
Nigerian
Noun
Nigerian(s)
Background
British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy. After independence in 1960, politics were marked by coups and mostly military rule, until the death of a military head of state in 1998 allowed for a political transition. In 1999, a new constitution was adopted and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of institutionalizing democracy and reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. The 2015 election is considered the most well run in Nigeria since the return to civilian rule, with the umbrella opposition party, the All Progressives Congress, defeating the long-ruling People's Democratic Party that had governed since 1999.
Flag description
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 23) 1,090,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 197) -1.60%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 160) 5,900USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 45) 21.20%
Source industry (World Rank: 162) 18.40%
Source service (World Rank: 119) 60.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 10) 58,810,000
In poverty (World Rank: 6) 70.00%
Products
Industries
  • - cement
  • - ceramics
  • - chemicals
  • - coal
  • - columbite
  • - crude oil
  • - fertilizer
  • - food products
  • - footwear
  • - hides
  • - other construction materials
  • - printing
  • - rubber products
  • - skins
  • - steel
  • - textiles
  • - tin
  • - wood
Agriculture
  • - cassava
  • - cattle
  • - cocoa
  • - corn
  • - cotton
  • - fish
  • - goats
  • - manioc
  • - millet
  • - palm oil
  • - peanuts
  • - pigs
  • - rice
  • - rubber
  • - sheep
  • - sorghum
  • - tapioca
  • - timber
  • - yams
Exports
  • - cocoa
  • - petroleum
  • - petroleum products
  • - rubber
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - food
  • - live animals
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 127) 154,513
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 205) 1.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 161) 83.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 14) 47,759,900
Population (World Rank: 168) 25.70%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 49) 40.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 119) 14.00
Heliports (World Rank: 36) 5.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 51) 3,798
Road
Total length (World Rank: 29) 193,200
Paved length (World Rank: 55) 28,980
Unpaved length (World Rank: 13) 164,220
Water
Total length (World Rank: 15) 8,600