Discover Paraguay in South America

Paraguay with its capital Asunción is located in South America (Central South America, northeast of Argentina). It covers some 406,751 square kilometres (slightly smaller than California) with 6,831,000 citizens. Spanish and Guarani are the official languages used in Paraguay. Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina are bordering countries.

Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America bordering Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. Walk through the historic Asuncion city center- many former grand buildings are suffering from great decay, but if you look past grafitti walls, you can imagines Asuncions past splendour. At nights, you can take a cab ride and enjoy it fully illuminated. There are many bars, restaurantes in this area. Don Vito is paraguayan fast food at its best. Home of the paraguayan empanada, they have been in business for over 30 years. The original spot is just behind the Iglesia de san Jose, and if you are lucky enough to be in paraguay around may-June, you can order a pastel mandi'o, which is make of mandioca and beef. Best enjoyed with a cold pulp, a paraguayan soft drink made with natural fruit juice.

Pictures from the Paraguayan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Asunción is like. We have selected more pictures from Asunción on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Communicaciones
Palma 468

The topography features grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay with Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere. The average density of population is about 17 per km². The climate in Paraguay can be described as subtropical to temperate with substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west. Potential natural disasters are local flooding in southeast (early September to June) or poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June).

To reach someone in Paraguay dial +595 prior to a number. There are 387,300 installed telephones. And there are 5,619,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".py". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Paraguay

Three equal, horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue with an emblem centered in the white band; unusual flag in that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse (hoist side at the left) bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles); the reverse (hoist side at the right) bears a circular seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words PAZ Y JUSTICIA (Peace and Justice)); red symbolizes bravery and patriotism, white represents integrity and peace, and blue denotes liberty and generosity
note: the three color bands resemble those on the flag of the Netherlands; one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides - the others are Moldova and Saudi Arabia.

National administrative regions of Paraguay

Historical background information

Paraguay achieved its independence from Spain in 1811. In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of all its adult males and much of its territory. The country stagnated economically for the next half century. Following the Chaco War of 1932-35 with Bolivia, Paraguay gained a large part of the Chaco lowland region. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since the country's return to democracy.

Demographic Information

Paraguay has 159 senior citizens having at least the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 126 of this count (which is 79%). 576,065 children are younger than 5 years (and make up for 9% of the total population). 17.7 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Paraguayan Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Paraguay

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina
Capital: Asunción
Size 406,750 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 157,047 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than California
Population 6,831,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Guarani, Currency Code: PYG
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .py
Telephone Country Prefix +595
Mobile Phone Connections 5,619,000
Landline Phone Connections 387,300
Military Spendings 1% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 406,752 (sq km) 60

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 6,623,252 103
Population growth rate 1.23 (%) 95
Birth rate 16.95 (births/1,000 population) 118
Death rate 4.61 (deaths/1,000 population) 198
Net migration rate -0.08 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 113
Maternal mortality rate 99.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 74
Infant mortality rate 21.48 (deaths/1,000 live births) 86
Life expectancy at birth 76.60 (years) 74
Total fertility rate 2.01 (children born/woman) 129
Health expenditures 5.90 (% of GDP) 114
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 79
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 13,000 90
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 83
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 17.90 (%) 110
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.40 (%) 102
Education expenditures 4.10 (% of GDP) 108
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 17.8 (%) 71


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 41,550,000,000 101
GDP - real growth rate -1.20 (%) 199
GDP - per capita (PPP) 6,200 147
Labor force 3,137,000 102
Unemployment rate 6.90 (%) 75
Distribution of family income - Gini index 53 13
Investment (gross fixed) 17.90 (% of GDP) 119
Taxes and other revenues 18.0 (% of GDP) 176
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.70 (% of GDP) 80
Public debt 14.70 (% of GDP) 136
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.60 (%) 132
Central bank discount rate 6.00 (%) 57
Commercial bank prime lending rate 28.00 (%) 7
Stock of narrow money 3,666,000,000 112
Stock of broad money 10,110,000,000 106
Stock of domestic credit 9,149,000,000 102
Market value of publicly traded shares 42,000,000 116
Industrial production growth rate 6.50 (%) 47
Current account balance -1,170,000,000 118
Exports 4,700,000,000 116
Imports 9,700,000,000 100
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 4,920,000,000 91
Debt - external 2,245,000,000 141
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 4,425,000 101


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 54,410,000,000 (kWh) 48
Electricity - consumption 6,237,000,000 (kWh) 103
Electricity - exports 43,380,000,000 (kWh) 6
Electricity - installed generating capacity 8816000 (kW) 60
Electricity - from fossil fuels 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 208
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 99.9 (% of total installed capacity) 3
Refined petroleum products - consumption 26,820 (bbl/day) 121
Refined petroleum products - imports 23,810 (bbl/day) 100
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 4,394,000 (Mt) 128


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 372,400 108
Telephones - mobile cellular 6,529,000 96
Internet hosts 280,658 65
Internet users 1,105,000 94


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 800 9
Railways 36 (km) 132
Roadways 29,500 (km) 97
Waterways 3,100 (km) 33
Merchant marine 19 96


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 102

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.