Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
View photos from OUR PLACE the World Heritage collection
Serengeti National Park, (Tanzania High Commission, London)
Serengeti National Park, (Tanzania Tourist Board)

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1981
Size of heritage: 1,476,300 ha

Longitude: 34,567°
Latitude: -1,667°


The vast plains of the Serengeti comprise 1.5 million ha of savannah. The annual migration to permanent water holes of vast herds of herbivores (wildebeest, gazelles and zebras), followed by their predators, is one of the most impressive natural events in the world.

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Serengeti National Park, located in the Mara, Arusha, and Shinyanga Provinces of Tanzania, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its exceptional biodiversity and iconic wildlife. Spanning over 14,750 square kilometers, the park is a testament to the importance of conservation and preservation efforts.


The history of Serengeti National Park dates back to the early 20th century when it was established as a game reserve by the German colonial administration in 1921. Later, in 1951, it was designated as a national park by the British colonial government. The park's name, "Serengeti," is derived from the Maasai language, meaning "endless plains," which aptly describes its vast grasslands.

Recognizing its ecological significance, Serengeti National Park was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981. This recognition was primarily due to its role in hosting the world's largest terrestrial mammal migration, the Great Migration, where millions of wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles traverse the Serengeti ecosystem in search of fresh grazing grounds.

Current State

Serengeti National Park remains a vital stronghold for wildlife conservation and a symbol of Tanzania's commitment to preserving its natural heritage. The park's diverse ecosystems, including grasslands, woodlands, and riverine forests, support an unparalleled array of wildlife species.

The Great Migration, undoubtedly the park's most famous spectacle, attracts visitors from around the world. Witnessing the dramatic river crossings and the predator-prey interactions during this annual event is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. The park is also home to the "Big Five" – lions, elephants, leopards, rhinoceroses, and buffaloes – making it a sought-after destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

Efforts to protect Serengeti National Park and its inhabitants are ongoing. The Tanzanian government, in collaboration with international organizations and local communities, has implemented various conservation initiatives. These include anti-poaching patrols, habitat restoration projects, and community-based conservation programs that promote sustainable livelihoods while safeguarding the park's resources.

However, the park faces several challenges. Illegal poaching, driven by the demand for ivory and bushmeat, poses a significant threat to the park's elephant and rhinoceros populations. Climate change and habitat fragmentation also impact the delicate balance of the ecosystem, affecting wildlife migration patterns and disrupting natural processes.

To address these challenges, the Tanzanian government, along with conservation partners, is working towards strengthening anti-poaching measures, enhancing community engagement, and promoting sustainable tourism practices. These efforts aim to ensure the long-term survival of Serengeti National Park and its unique biodiversity.


Serengeti National Park stands as a testament to the remarkable beauty and ecological importance of Tanzania's natural heritage. Its recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage site highlights the need for global cooperation in preserving and protecting our planet's most exceptional places. As efforts continue to safeguard this iconic park, Serengeti will remain a symbol of hope for future generations, reminding us of the importance of conservation in maintaining the delicate balance of our ecosystems.