Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1984
Size of heritage: 93,200 ha

Longitude: 84,333°
Latitude: 27,500°


At the foot of the Himalayas, Chitwan is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the 'Terai' region, which formerly extended over the foothills of India and Nepal. It has a particularly rich flora and fauna. One of the last populations of single-horned Asiatic rhinoceros lives in the park, which is also one of the last refuges of the Bengal tiger.

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Chitwan National Park: A Jewel of Nepal's Natural Heritage

Chitwan National Park, located in the Chitwan District of the Narayani Zone in Nepal, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its exceptional biodiversity and conservation efforts. Spanning an area of 932 square kilometers, this national park is a testament to Nepal's commitment to preserving its natural treasures.


The history of Chitwan National Park dates back to 1973 when it was established as the first national park in Nepal. Originally, the park was primarily created to protect the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, which faced the threat of extinction due to rampant poaching. Over the years, the park's objectives expanded to include the conservation of other endangered species and their habitats.

Chitwan National Park was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984, acknowledging its outstanding universal value and the crucial role it plays in preserving Nepal's unique ecosystem. This recognition further solidified the park's status as a global conservation priority.

Current State

Today, Chitwan National Park stands as a shining example of successful conservation efforts. The park's diverse landscape encompasses lush grasslands, dense forests, and serene wetlands, providing a haven for a wide range of flora and fauna.

One of the park's most iconic inhabitants is the one-horned rhinoceros, whose population has significantly increased since the park's establishment. Thanks to rigorous anti-poaching measures and habitat restoration initiatives, the park now boasts a thriving rhino population, offering visitors a rare opportunity to witness these magnificent creatures up close.

In addition to rhinos, Chitwan National Park is home to an impressive array of wildlife. The park shelters over 700 species of wildlife, including Bengal tigers, Asian elephants, sloth bears, and numerous species of deer. Bird enthusiasts will also be delighted by the park's avian diversity, with over 540 species of birds recorded within its boundaries.

Visitors to Chitwan National Park can explore its natural wonders through a variety of activities. Jungle safaris, either on foot or aboard an elephant, offer a thrilling opportunity to observe wildlife in their natural habitat. Canoe rides along the Rapti River provide a tranquil experience, allowing visitors to spot crocodiles, water birds, and other aquatic species.

Furthermore, the park's commitment to sustainable tourism ensures that visitors can enjoy its wonders while minimizing their impact on the environment. Local communities are actively involved in conservation efforts, and their traditional knowledge and practices are integrated into park management strategies.

Chitwan National Park stands as a testament to Nepal's dedication to preserving its natural heritage. Its rich biodiversity, successful conservation initiatives, and sustainable tourism practices make it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and conservationists alike.