Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 2004
Size of heritage: 160 ha
- Buffer zone: 7,127 ha
Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the 160-ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II; Tall-e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multicultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples. This was reflected in Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures.
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Pasargadae: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Iran
Pasargadae, located in the Pars Province of Iran, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds immense historical and cultural significance. This ancient city, founded by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BCE, served as the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire and played a pivotal role in shaping the history of Iran.
Pasargadae holds a special place in history as the birthplace and final resting place of Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus, known for his benevolent rule and respect for diverse cultures, established a vast empire that stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River. His tomb, located in Pasargadae, is a testament to his legacy and is revered as a symbol of Persian civilization.
The city of Pasargadae was not only a political and administrative center but also a cultural hub. It housed magnificent palaces, gardens, and temples, showcasing the architectural brilliance of the Achaemenid era. The most iconic structure in Pasargadae is the Cyrus Cylinder, a clay cylinder inscribed with the policies of Cyrus the Great, promoting religious freedom and human rights. This artifact is considered one of the earliest declarations of human rights in history.
Despite the passage of centuries and the ravages of time, Pasargadae has managed to retain its grandeur and allure. The site covers an area of approximately 160 hectares and is surrounded by picturesque landscapes, including the towering Zagros Mountains. Visitors are greeted by the imposing Gate of All Nations, which once served as the entrance to the city.
Exploring Pasargadae allows visitors to witness the remnants of ancient structures that once adorned the city. The most prominent among them is the Tomb of Cyrus, a simple yet elegant structure built on a stepped platform. The tomb chamber, believed to contain the sarcophagus of Cyrus, is a place of reverence for Iranians and visitors alike.
Other notable structures in Pasargadae include the Audience Hall, where Cyrus held court and received foreign dignitaries, and the Residential Palace, which showcases the architectural prowess of the Achaemenids. The Pasargadae Gardens, known for their intricate irrigation system, offer a glimpse into the advanced engineering techniques employed during that era.
Preservation efforts have been undertaken to safeguard Pasargadae's historical treasures. The site is carefully maintained, and ongoing archaeological excavations continue to unearth new discoveries. The inclusion of Pasargadae in the UNESCO World Heritage list has further raised awareness about its significance and the need for its protection.
Pasargadae stands as a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of Iran. Its historical significance, coupled with its well-preserved state, makes it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and travelers alike. As visitors explore the ancient city, they are transported back in time, gaining a deeper understanding of the Achaemenid Empire and the enduring legacy of Cyrus the Great.
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Large airport - 57 mi (92 km) Fasa Airport
Medium airport - 96 mi (155 km) Shahid Sadooghi Airport
Medium airport - 135 mi (218 km) Sirjan Airport
Medium airport - 157 mi (252 km) Bushehr Airport
Medium airport - 165 mi (265 km) Jam Airport
Medium airport - 171 mi (276 km) Lar Airport
Medium airport - 189 mi (305 km) Esfahan Shahid Beheshti International Airport
Medium airport - 193 mi (311 km) Bahrain International Airport
Large airport - 312 mi (502 km) King Fahd International Airport
Large airport - 329 mi (530 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Sa`adat Shahr
- Shahr-e Herat
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Abu ol Verdi
- Bolaghi-ye Kuchak
- Darreh Anjir
- Kat-e Mian
- Kord-e Shul
- Madar Soleyman
- Mazra`eh-ye Jaldak
- Tang Shiri
- `Ali Resideh