Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 2004
Size of heritage:

Longitude: 58,367°
Latitude: 29,117°


Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanāts, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh ).

Location on Map

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Bam and its Cultural Landscape is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Kerman Province of Iran, specifically in the Bam District. This site holds immense historical and cultural significance, as it showcases the remains of the ancient city of Bam and its surrounding landscape. The history of this heritage site dates back several centuries, and its current state reflects both its glorious past and the devastating earthquake that struck the region in 2003.


The city of Bam has a rich history that can be traced back to the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. It flourished as an important trading hub along the Silk Road, connecting the civilizations of the East and the West. Bam reached its peak during the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century, becoming a center of art, culture, and trade.

The city's strategic location made it a target for invasions, and it faced numerous challenges throughout its history. However, it managed to survive and thrive until the devastating earthquake of 2003.

Current State

The 2003 earthquake, measuring 6.6 on the Richter scale, caused widespread destruction in Bam. The ancient city, including its historic citadel, was severely damaged, and thousands of lives were lost. The earthquake was a tragic event that shook the entire world, leading to a massive international effort to restore and preserve the site.

Since then, extensive restoration work has been carried out to rebuild and rehabilitate the city. The reconstruction efforts have focused on preserving the authenticity and integrity of the site, using traditional building techniques and materials. The restoration work has been a testament to the resilience and determination of the people of Bam and the international community.

The Cultural Landscape

The cultural landscape of Bam is a unique blend of natural and man-made elements. The ancient city is surrounded by a vast desert, providing a stunning backdrop to the historic structures. The landscape also includes the agricultural fields and gardens that were an integral part of the city's economy.

The most iconic feature of the cultural landscape is the Bam Citadel, also known as Arg-e Bam. This massive fortress, built with mud bricks, stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance of the past. The citadel was the heart of the city, housing residential areas, public buildings, and a bazaar.

Visitors to Bam and its Cultural Landscape can explore the remains of the ancient city, including the citadel, mosques, bathhouses, and the historic city walls. The site offers a glimpse into the vibrant past of Bam and its significance as a center of trade and culture.


Bam and its Cultural Landscape in Iran's Kerman Province is a UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the remains of the ancient city of Bam. Despite the devastating earthquake in 2003, the site has been restored and preserved, allowing visitors to experience the rich history and cultural significance of this once-thriving trading hub. The cultural landscape, with its desert surroundings and the iconic Bam Citadel, provides a captivating glimpse into the past and serves as a reminder of the resilience of the people of Bam.

Hotels and places to stay

Parsian Azadi Bam Hotel

Distance: 3,0 mi
Kerman Province
84 Bam

Time Information

Checkout: 14:30 - Checkin: 00:00
Weekday: 0:00 - 24:00
Weekend: 0:00 - 24:00

Videos from the area

Bam la ciudadela de barro, IRAN antes del terremoto de 2003

Published: May 09, 2009
Length: 21:54 min
Rating: 4 of 5
Author: fermobu

Bam, Arg-é Bam se encuentra a 193 kms al sureste de la ciudad de Kermán rodeada de altas montañas y regada por aguas subterráneas. La ciudad de Bam es una de las urbes más antiguas de...

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