Honduras
in Central America
North America

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Lempira - HNL
Spoken languages:
Spanish
Local electricity:
120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
850 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
HN
Internet top level domain:
.hn
Country phone prefix:
+504
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Honduras in Central America

Safety Score: 2,7 of 5.0 based on data from 9 authorites. Meaning we advice caution when travelling to Honduras.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Honduras. Last Update: 2019-08-24 07:22:33

Explore Honduras

Honduras with its capital Tegucigalpa is located in North America (Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 112,091 square kilometers (slightly larger than Tennessee) with a population of 9,038,740. Spanish is the official language spoken by people in Honduras. El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua are bordering countries.

Honduras is the second biggest country in Central America. It has colonial villages (Gracias, Comayagua), ancient Maya ruins (Copan), natural parks (Moskitia), and a Pacific and Caribbean coastline and the Bay Islands, with great beaches and coral reefs where snorkeling and diving are exceptional by any standard. Good amenities can be found in cities like Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba, Tela, Utila, Roatán and at Copan, but elsewhere conditions can be quite basic, especially in the rural areas. Nevertheless a visit is worthwhile, especially to the ancient Maya ruins in Copán, the colonial towns of Gracias and Comayagua, and the fantastic Caribbean Coast.

Popular Destinations in Honduras

Administrative regions of Honduras

About the country

The topography is mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains. The average density of population is about 81 per km². The climate in Honduras can be described as subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains. Potential natural disasters are extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes

To reach someone Honduras dial +504 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 850 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B). The sign for the locally used currency Lempira is HNL.

Three equal horizontal bands of cerulean blue (top), white, and cerulean blue, with five cerulean, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people.

Flag of Honduras

Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 104) 112,090sq km
Land (World Rank: 99) 111,890sq km
Water (World Rank: 134) 200sq km
Forest (World Rank: 111) 15.70%
Comparative slightly larger than Tennessee
Coastline
823
Landborder
1575
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 79) 2,870m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 142) 28.80%
Arable (World Rank: 119) 9.10%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 63) 4.00%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 111) 15.70%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 104) 900sq km
Map reference
Central America and the Caribbean
Environment
Issues
  • - as well as several rivers and streams
  • - deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes
  • - further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands
  • - mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water)
  • - urban population expanding
  • - with heavy metals
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards
  • - extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
  • - frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes
Location
Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua
Climate
subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Terrain
mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 94) 9,038,740
Deathrate (World Rank: 180) 0.53%
Birthrate (World Rank: 67) 2.24%
Growthrate (World Rank: 67) 1.60%
Migration rate (World Rank: 105) -0.11%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 69) 2.67%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 171) 22.60
Female (World Rank: 169) 23.30
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 83) 1,521,300
0 14 female (World Rank: 83) 1,456,730
15 24 male (World Rank: 84) 968,013
15 24 female (World Rank: 84) 930,060
25 54 male (World Rank: 96) 1,675,570
25 54 female (World Rank: 98) 1,635,240
55 64 male (World Rank: 109) 218,342
55 64 female (World Rank: 111) 245,447
65 x male (World Rank: 112) 167,957
65 x female (World Rank: 111) 220,080
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 95) 1.72%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 148) 71years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 155) 73years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 148) 70years
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 162) 0.70
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 117) 82.60%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 89) 21.40%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 132) 91.20%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 107) 8,367,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 107) 7,215,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 66) 536,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 74) 679,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 156) 45.60%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 74) 25.20%
Source renew (World Rank: 12) 32.00%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 103) 52,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 75) 13,160bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 70) 64,820bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 159) 7
Carbon footprint
10000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 37) 6% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 69) 2% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 45) 9% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 108) -3% of GDP
National symbol
white-tailed deer
National colours
white
Adjective
Honduran
Noun
Honduran(s)
Background
Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of cerulean blue (top), white, and cerulean blue, with five cerulean, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 111) 43,170,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 75) 3.60%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 167) 5,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 71) 13.50%
Source industry (World Rank: 91) 28.20%
Source service (World Rank: 136) 58.30%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 96) 3,677,000
In poverty (World Rank: 64) 29.60%
Products
Industries
  • - cigars
  • - coffee
  • - knit apparel
  • - sugar processing
  • - wood products
  • - woven
Agriculture
  • - African palm
  • - bananas
  • - beef
  • - citrus
  • - coffee
  • - corn
  • - lobster
  • - oriental vegetables
  • - shrimp
  • - sugar
  • - tilapia
  • - timber
Exports
  • - apparel
  • - automobile wire harnesses
  • - bananas
  • - cigars
  • - coffee
  • - fruit
  • - gold
  • - lobster
  • - lumber
  • - palm oil
  • - shrimp
Imports
  • - chemical products
  • - communications equipment
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuels
  • - industrial raw materials
  • - machinery
  • - transport

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 97) 442,929
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 158) 5.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 153) 88.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 101) 2,667,980
Population (World Rank: 156) 30.00%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 104) 13.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 38) 90.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 101) 699
Road
Total length (World Rank: 126) 14,742
Paved length (World Rank: 112) 3,367
Unpaved length (World Rank: 77) 11,375
Water
Total length (World Rank: 86) 465