Guam
in Micronesia
Oceania

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - USD
Spoken languages:
English, Chamorro
Local electricity:
110 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
850 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
GU
Internet top level domain:
.gu
Country phone prefix:
+1-671
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Guam

Guam with its capital Hagatna is located in Oceania (Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 545 square kilometers (three times the size of Washington, DC) with 167,358 citizens. English and Chamorro are the common languages used in Guam. This country shares no land borders with another country.

Guam is an island in the western South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. It is the largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago. Guam is a territory of the United States of America. It is considered to occupy a militarily strategic location, south of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Impressions from the Guamanian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Guam

Administrative regions of Guam

About the country

The landscape is volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs and relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south. The average density of population is about 308 per km². The climate in Guam can be described as tropical marinegenerally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds, dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December), little seasonal temperature variation. Potential threats by nature are frequent squalls during rainy season relatively rare but potentially destructive typhoons (June to December)

To reach someone Guam dial +1-671 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 850 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gu". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 110 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is USD.

Territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, a proa or outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; the proa is sailing in Agana Bay with the promontory of Punta Dos Amantes, near the capital, in the background; the shape of the central emblem is that of a Chamorro sling stone, used as a weapon for defense or hunting; blue represents the sea and red the blood shed in the struggle against oppression.

Flag of Guam

Spain ceded Guam to the US in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installations on the island are some of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 195) 544sq km
Land (World Rank: 192) 544sq km
Forest (World Rank: 113) 14.80%
Comparative three times the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
125.5
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 198) 406m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 125) 33.40%
Arable (World Rank: 185) 1.90%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 14) 16.70%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 113) 14.80%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 176) 2sq km
Map reference
Oceania
Environment
Issues
  • - an exotic
  • - extermination of native bird populations by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake
  • - fresh water scarcity
  • - inadequate sewage treatment
  • - invasive species
  • - reef damage
Hazzards
  • - frequent squalls during rainy season
  • - relatively rare but potentially destructive typhoons (June to December)
Location
Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Climate
tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 185) 167,358
Deathrate (World Rank: 162) 0.60%
Birthrate (World Rank: 80) 1.97%
Growthrate (World Rank: 175) 0.26%
Migration rate (World Rank: 177) -1.11%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 56) 2.96%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 125) 28.30
Female (World Rank: 116) 29.70
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 185) 23,896
0 14 female (World Rank: 185) 22,190
15 24 male (World Rank: 185) 14,847
15 24 female (World Rank: 185) 12,981
25 54 male (World Rank: 185) 32,295
25 54 female (World Rank: 186) 30,356
55 64 male (World Rank: 182) 8,352
55 64 female (World Rank: 184) 8,057
65 x male (World Rank: 186) 6,706
65 x female (World Rank: 186) 7,678
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 113) 1.26%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 91) 76years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 97) 79years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 88) 74years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 118) 0.84
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 100) 89.80%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 56) 99.50%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 142) 1,623,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 147) 1,509,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 5) 100.00%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 148) 15,400bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 130) 15,230bbl / day
Carbon footprint
1800000

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 176) 4,882,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 180) 0.60%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 60) 30,500USD
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 183) 70,490
In poverty (World Rank: 85) 23.00%
Products
Industries
  • - concrete products
  • - construction
  • - food processing
  • - national defense
  • - printing
  • - publishing
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
  • - transshipment services
Agriculture
  • - beef
  • - copra
  • - eggs
  • - fruits
  • - pork
  • - poultry
  • - vegetables
Exports
  • - beverages
  • - construction materials
  • - fish
  • - foodstuffs
  • - transshipments of refined petroleum products
Imports
  • - food
  • - manufactured goods
  • - petroleum
  • - petroleum products

Nation

Budget
Surplus (World Rank: 60) -1% of GDP
National symbol
coconut tree
National colours
red
Adjective
Guamanian
Noun
Guamanian(s) (US citizens)
Background
Spain ceded Guam to the US in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installations on the island are some of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.
Flag description
territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, a proa or outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; the proa is sailing in Agana Bay with the promontory of Punta Dos Amantes, near the capital, in the background; the shape of the central emblem is that of a Chamorro sling stone, used as a weapon for defense or hunting; blue represents the sea and red the blood shed in the struggle against oppression

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 149) 68,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 33) 42.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 96) 113.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 172) 125,328
Population (World Rank: 55) 77.00%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 160) 4.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 188) 1.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 186) 1,045