Brunei
in
Asia

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - BND
Spoken languages:
Malay, English
Local electricity:
240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
BN
Internet top level domain:
.bn
Country phone prefix:
+673
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Brunei

Brunei with its capital Bandar Seri Begawan is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, along the northern coast of the island of Borneo). It covers some 5,766 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Delaware) with a population of 443,593. Malay and English are the languages spoken by people in Brunei. Did you know that Malaysia is the only bordering country.

The Sultanate of Brunei is a small but rich country located in Southeast Asia. Brunei is officially an Islamic state, with many large beautiful mosques across the country. Sale of alcohol is banned. Bringing in meat, (other than seafood) which has not been certified halal, (slaughtered according to Islamic law), is also banned. During the fasting month of Ramadan, many shops and restaurants will be open. Brunei's climate is semi-tropical, and Bandar Seri Begawan's is sub-tropical. The temperature ranges from 14°C to 33°C - January being the hottest month. There are no typhoons, earthquakes, severe flooding and other forms of natural disasters to contend with, and the biggest environmental issues is the seasonal haze resulting from forest fires (that is caused by illegal clearing of land) in nearby Indonesia. Nationals of Israel are not allowed to enter Brunei, though other passports containing Israeli stamps and visas are not a problem for entry.

Impressions from the Bruneian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Brunei

Administrative regions of Brunei

About the country

The terrain is flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east having hilly lowland in west. The average density of population is about 77 per km². The climate in Brunei can be described as tropical with hot, humid, rainy. Possible natural disasters include typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare.

To reach someone Brunei dial +673 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".bn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is BND.

Yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; yellow is the color of royalty and symbolizes the sultanate; the white and black bands denote Brunei's chief ministers; the emblem includes five main components: a swallow-tailed flag, the royal umbrella representing the monarchy, the wings of four feathers symbolizing justice, tranquility, prosperity, and peace, the two upraised hands signifying the government's pledge to preserve and promote the welfare of the people, and the crescent moon denoting Islam, the state religion; the state motto "Always render service with God's guidance" appears in yellow Arabic script on the crescent; a ribbon below the crescent reads "Brunei, the Abode of Peace".

Flag of Brunei

The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in the world.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 173) 5,765sq km
Land (World Rank: 171) 5,265sq km
Water (World Rank: 120) 500sq km
Forest (World Rank: 191) 0.60%
Comparative slightly smaller than Delaware
Coastline
161
Landborder
266
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 134) 1,850m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 216) 2.50%
Arable (World Rank: 200) 0.80%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 120) 1.10%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 191) 0.60%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 167) 10sq km
Map reference
Southeast Asia
Environment
Issues seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
Hazzards typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare
Location
Southeastern Asia, along the northern coast of the island of Borneo, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia
Climate
tropical; hot, humid, rainy
Terrain
flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 173) 443,593
Deathrate (World Rank: 213) 0.36%
Birthrate (World Rank: 107) 1.70%
Growthrate (World Rank: 70) 1.57%
Migration rate (World Rank: 38) 0.24%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 151) 1.78%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 113) 29.70
Female (World Rank: 111) 30.70
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 171) 52,862
0 14 female (World Rank: 171) 49,717
15 24 male (World Rank: 172) 37,637
15 24 female (World Rank: 170) 38,005
25 54 male (World Rank: 174) 99,203
25 54 female (World Rank: 172) 108,198
55 64 male (World Rank: 170) 18,537
55 64 female (World Rank: 174) 17,974
65 x male (World Rank: 177) 10,440
65 x female (World Rank: 178) 11,020
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 139) 0.96%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 73) 77years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 79) 80years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 67) 75years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 97) 1.47
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 79) 2.80
Obesity adult (World Rank: 129) 14.10%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 124) 3,948,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 130) 3,679,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 26) 99.90%
Source renew (World Rank: 161) 0.10%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 41) 109,100bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 35) 119,500bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 83) 160bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 41) 1,100,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 100) 8,345bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 142) 18,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 113) 314bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 144) 8,313bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 37) 12,000,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 67) 4,545,000,000
Export (World Rank: 23) 8,520,000,000
Carbon footprint
8400000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 117) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 22) 4% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 187) 3% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 206) -17% of GDP
National symbol
royal parasol
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Bruneian
Noun
Bruneian(s)
Background
The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in the world.
Flag description
yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; yellow is the color of royalty and symbolizes the sultanate; the white and black bands denote Brunei's chief ministers; the emblem includes five main components: a swallow-tailed flag, the royal umbrella representing the monarchy, the wings of four feathers symbolizing justice, tranquility, prosperity, and peace, the two upraised hands signifying the government's pledge to preserve and promote the welfare of the people, and the crescent moon denoting Islam, the state religion; the state motto "Always render service with God's guidance" appears in yellow Arabic script on the crescent; a ribbon below the crescent reads "Brunei, the Abode of Peace"

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 127) 32,760,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 201) -2.50%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 10) 77,500USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 192) 1.20%
Source industry (World Rank: 5) 56.50%
Source service (World Rank: 196) 42.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 167) 203,600
Products
Industries
  • - agriculture
  • - construction
  • - liquefied natural gas
  • - petroleum
  • - petroleum refining
  • - transportation
Agriculture
  • - cattle
  • - chickens
  • - eggs
  • - fruits
  • - goats
  • - rice
  • - vegetables
  • - water buffalo
Exports
  • - mineral fuels
  • - organic chemicals
Imports
  • - electric machinery
  • - machinery
  • - mechanical appliance parts
  • - mineral fuels
  • - motor vehicles

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 146) 74,213
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 105) 17.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 116) 108.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 159) 306,000
Population (World Rank: 69) 71.20%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 198) 1.00
Heliports (World Rank: 48) 3.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 166) 3,029
Paved length (World Rank: 124) 2,425
Unpaved length (World Rank: 129) 604
Water
Total length (World Rank: 98) 209.00

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.