Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
Estancias de Córdoba
The Road of the Jesuit Estancias (Jesuit Ranches) (Argentina On View)

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 2000
Size of heritage: 38 ha

Longitude: -63,809°
Latitude: -30,579°


The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings, which illustrate the unique religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the world for a period of over 150 years in the 17th and 18th centuries.

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The Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba, located in the Province of Cordoba, Argentina, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that encompasses a group of buildings and rural properties associated with the Jesuit Order. This site holds immense historical and cultural significance, reflecting the influence of the Jesuits in the region during the 17th and 18th centuries.


The Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba were established by the Society of Jesus, a Catholic religious order, in the early 17th century. The Jesuits arrived in Córdoba in 1599 and played a crucial role in the evangelization and education of the indigenous population. They established a network of estancias, or rural estates, to support their missions and educational institutions. The centerpiece of the site is the University of Córdoba, founded in 1613 by the Jesuits. It was the first university in Argentina and one of the first in the Americas. The university became a center of intellectual and cultural activity, attracting scholars from across the region. The buildings within the Jesuit Block, including the university, the church, the residence, and the museum, showcase the architectural and artistic achievements of the Jesuits during this period.

Current State

Today, the Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba stand as a testament to the Jesuits' legacy in Argentina. The site has been meticulously preserved and restored, allowing visitors to experience the rich history and architectural grandeur of the period. The University of Córdoba remains an active educational institution, offering a wide range of academic programs. Its historic buildings, such as the Monserrat building and the Collegium Maximum, have been carefully maintained and continue to serve as important landmarks within the university campus. The Jesuit church, known as the Iglesia de la Compañía de Jesús, is a magnificent example of Baroque architecture. Its ornate facade and intricate interior decorations, including frescoes and altarpieces, are a sight to behold. The church is still used for religious services and is open to the public for guided tours. The Jesuit Residence, located adjacent to the church, now houses the Monserrat Secondary School. This building, with its beautiful courtyard and elegant architecture, provides a glimpse into the daily lives of the Jesuits during their time in Córdoba. The Jesuit Block also includes the Jesuit Museum, which showcases a collection of religious art and artifacts from the colonial period. Visitors can explore the museum's exhibits, which provide insights into the Jesuits' missionary work and their impact on the local culture. Beyond the Jesuit Block, the Estancias of Córdoba are scattered throughout the surrounding countryside. These rural estates, such as the Estancia de Caroya and the Estancia de Santa Catalina, were once centers of agricultural production and played a vital role in sustaining the Jesuit missions. Today, some of these estancias have been converted into museums or cultural centers, offering visitors a glimpse into the region's agricultural heritage. In conclusion, the Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba in Argentina's Province of Cordoba are a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site that preserves the architectural, cultural, and educational legacy of the Jesuits. This site stands as a testament to the Jesuits' significant contributions to the region and provides visitors with a unique opportunity to delve into the rich history of this influential religious order.