Antigua and Barbuda
in Caribbean
North America

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - XCD
Spoken languages:
English
Local electricity:
230 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
AG
Internet top level domain:
.ag
Country phone prefix:
+1-268
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda with its capital Saint John's is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 444 square kilometers (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 94,731 citizens. English is the official language used in Antigua and Barbuda. Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Antigua and Barbuda are two Caribbean islands (Antigua, pronounced an-tee'-gah and Barbuda), that form a country that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico, off the coast of South America. With few other natural resources, the climate is tropical marine with little seasonal temperature variation. The islands experience hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October), and periodic droughts. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.

Popular Destinations in Antigua and Barbuda

Administrative regions of Antigua and Barbuda

About the country

The topography is mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas. The average density of population is about 214 per km². The climate in Antigua and Barbuda can be described as tropical maritime with little seasonal temperature variation. Potential natural disasters are hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October) periodic droughts

To reach someone Antigua and Barbuda dial +1-268 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ag". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is XCD.

Red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band; the sun symbolizes the dawn of a new era, black represents the African heritage of most of the population, blue is for hope, and red is for the dynamism of the people; the "V" stands for victory; the successive yellow, blue, and white coloring is also meant to evoke the country's tourist attractions of sun, sea, and sand.

Flag of Antigua and Barbuda

The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981. On 6 September 2017, Hurricane Irma passed over the island of Barbuda devastating the island and forcing the evacuation of the population to Antigua. Almost all the structures on Barbuda were destroyed and the vegetation stripped, but Antigua was spared the worst.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 200) 443sq km
Land (World Rank: 197) 443sq km
Forest (World Rank: 134) 9.10%
Comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Note includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
Coastline
153
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 199) 402m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 163) 20.50%
Arable (World Rank: 118) 9.10%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 84) 2.30%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 134) 9.10%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 177) 1sq km
Map reference
Central America and the Caribbean
Environment
Issues
  • - causing rainfall to run off quickly
  • - water management - a major concern because of limited natural freshwater resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards
  • - hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October)
  • - periodic droughts
Location
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
Climate
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 195) 94,731
Deathrate (World Rank: 173) 0.57%
Birthrate (World Rank: 117) 1.57%
Growthrate (World Rank: 91) 1.21%
Migration rate (World Rank: 44) 0.22%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 118) 2.00%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 109) 30.00
Female (World Rank: 89) 33.50
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 193) 11,116
0 14 female (World Rank: 193) 10,760
15 24 male (World Rank: 192) 7,939
15 24 female (World Rank: 192) 8,008
25 54 male (World Rank: 196) 18,268
25 54 female (World Rank: 191) 21,695
55 64 male (World Rank: 196) 4,179
55 64 female (World Rank: 194) 5,130
65 x male (World Rank: 199) 3,279
65 x female (World Rank: 198) 4,357
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 117) 1.21%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 82) 77years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 91) 79years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 73) 75years
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 103) 2.10
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 91) 91.40%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 115) 18.90%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 82) 97.90%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 176) 330,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 181) 306,900,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 46) 96.60%
Source renew (World Rank: 97) 4.60%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 175) 5,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 120) 91bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 166) 4,884bbl / day
Carbon footprint
600000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 155) 3% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 127) 6% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 71) -2% of GDP
National symbol
fallow deer
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Antiguan, Barbudan
Noun
Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)
Background
The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981. On 6 September 2017, Hurricane Irma passed over the island of Barbuda devastating the island and forcing the evacuation of the population to Antigua. Almost all the structures on Barbuda were destroyed and the vegetation stripped, but Antigua was spared the worst.
Flag description
red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band; the sun symbolizes the dawn of a new era, black represents the African heritage of most of the population, blue is for hope, and red is for the dynamism of the people; the "V" stands for victory; the successive yellow, blue, and white coloring is also meant to evoke the country's tourist attractions of sun, sea, and sand

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 192) 2,288,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 35) 5.30%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 73) 25,400USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 167) 2.30%
Source industry (World Rank: 151) 20.20%
Source service (World Rank: 32) 77.50%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 202) 30,000
Products
Industries
  • - alcohol
  • - clothing
  • - construction
  • - household appliances
  • - light manufacturing
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - bananas
  • - coconuts
  • - cotton
  • - cucumbers
  • - fruits
  • - livestock
  • - mangoes
  • - sugarcane
  • - vegetables
Exports
  • - bedding
  • - electronic components
  • - food
  • - handicrafts
  • - live animals
  • - petroleum products
  • - transport equipment
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - food
  • - live animals
  • - machinery
  • - manufactures
  • - oil
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 171) 22,504
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 69) 24.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 44) 136.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 184) 60,000
Population (World Rank: 87) 65.20%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 196) 2.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 180) 1.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 183) 1,170
Paved length (World Rank: 163) 386
Unpaved length (World Rank: 125) 784