Explore Honduras in North America

Honduras
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Honduras with its capital Tegucigalpa is located in North America (Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 112,091 square kilometres (slightly larger than Tennessee) with 7,639,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly spoken by people in Honduras. Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador are bordering countries.

Honduras is the second biggest country in Central America. It has colonial villages (Gracias, Comayagua), ancient Maya ruins (Copan), natural parks (Moskitia), and a Pacific and Caribbean coastline and the Bay Islands, with great beaches and coral reefs where snorkeling and diving are exceptional by any standard. Good amenities can be found in cities like Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba, Tela, Utila, Roatán and at Copan, but elsewhere conditions can be quite basic, especially in the rural areas. Nevertheless a visit is worthwhile, especially to the ancient Maya ruins in Copán, the colonial towns of Gracias and Comayagua, and the fantastic Caribbean Coast.

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Pictures from the Honduran capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Tegucigalpa is like. We have selected more pictures from Tegucigalpa on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

Official National Tourism Logo

The topography features mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains. The average density of population is about 68 per km². The climate in Honduras can be described as subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains. Potential natural disasters are frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes or extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast.

To reach someone in Honduras dial +504 prior to a number. There are 830,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,714,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 110V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Honduran Facts page.

Description of the flag of Honduras

Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue, with five blue, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people
note: similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band.

National administrative regions of Honduras

Historical background information

Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.

Learn more on our Honduran Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.