Explore Bolivia in South America

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Bolivia with its capital Sucre is located in South America (Central South America, southwest of Brazil). It covers some 1,098,581 square kilometres (slightly less than three times the size of Montana) with 9,247,000 citizens. Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are some of the languages used by the majority in Bolivia (consider regional differences). Peru, Chile, Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina are bordering countries.

Please consult medical advice prior to entering this country, since in August 2010 a suspicious plague was detected.

Bolivia is a beautiful, geographically diverse, multiethnic, and democratic country in the heart of South America. Sometimes referred to as the Tibet of the Americas, Bolivia is one of the most remote countries in the western hemisphere. Bolivia's climate varies drastically with altitude and from one climatic zone to another. It ranges from humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon Bolivar, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825. Transportation strikes (bloqueos) are a common occurrence in Bolivia, so try to keep tuned to local news. Strikes often affect local taxis as well as long-distance buses; airlines are generally unaffected. Bolivia has 37 official languages -of which Spanish (often called Castellano), Quechua, and Aymara are the main ones. The others are In rural areas, many people do not speak Spanish. Bolivia's traditional alcoholic drink is chicha, a whitish, sour brew made from fermented corn and drunk from a hemispherical bowl fashioned from a hollowed gourd. Offering a favorable exchange for Western tourists, lodging can be found at very reasonable prices throughout the country, from hostels to luxury hotels.


Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Ministerio de Comercio Exterior, Inversion y Turismo
Palacio de las Comunicaciones, Piso 16
A. Mcal. Santa Cruz

Phone: +591 2 2367463
Phone: +591 2 2374630

The terrain offers rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin. The average density of population is about 8 per km². The climate in Bolivia can be described as varying with altitude with humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. Possible natural disasters include flooding in the northeast (March-April).

To reach someone in Bolivia dial +591 prior to a number. There are 810,200 installed telephones. And there are 7,148,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".bo". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220/230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Bolivian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Bolivia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes, yellow for the nation's mineral resources, and green for the fertility of the land
note: similar to the flag of Ghana, which has a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; in 2009, a presidential decree made it mandatory for a so-called wiphala - a square, multi-colored flag representing the country's indigenous peoples - to be used alongside the traditional flag.

National administrative regions of Bolivia

Historical background information

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation''s poor, indigenous majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. In December 2009, President MORALES easily won reelection, and his party took control of the legislative branch of the government, which will allow him to continue his process of change. In October 2011, the country held its first judicial elections to appoint judges to the four highest courts.

Learn more on our Bolivian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.