Discover Bolivia in South America

Bolivia with its capital Sucre is located in South America (Central South America, southwest of Brazil). It covers some 1,098,581 square kilometres (slightly less than three times the size of Montana) with 9,247,000 citizens. Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are some of the languages used by the majority in Bolivia (consider regional differences). Peru, Chile, Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina are bordering countries.

Please consult medical advice prior to entering this country, since in August 2010 a suspicious plague was detected.

Bolivia is a beautiful, geographically diverse, multiethnic, and democratic country in the heart of South America. Sometimes referred to as the Tibet of the Americas, Bolivia is one of the most remote countries in the western hemisphere. Bolivia's climate varies drastically with altitude and from one climatic zone to another. It ranges from humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon Bolivar, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825. Transportation strikes (bloqueos) are a common occurrence in Bolivia, so try to keep tuned to local news. Strikes often affect local taxis as well as long-distance buses; airlines are generally unaffected. Bolivia has 37 official languages -of which Spanish (often called Castellano), Quechua, and Aymara are the main ones. The others are In rural areas, many people do not speak Spanish. Bolivia's traditional alcoholic drink is chicha, a whitish, sour brew made from fermented corn and drunk from a hemispherical bowl fashioned from a hollowed gourd. Offering a favorable exchange for Western tourists, lodging can be found at very reasonable prices throughout the country, from hostels to luxury hotels.

Pictures from the Bolivian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Sucre is like. We have selected more pictures from Sucre on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Ministerio de Comercio Exterior, Inversion y Turismo
Palacio de las Comunicaciones, Piso 16
A. Mcal. Santa Cruz

Phone: +591 2 2367463
Phone: +591 2 2374630

The terrain offers rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin. The average density of population is about 8 per km². The climate in Bolivia can be described as varying with altitude with humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. Possible natural disasters include flooding in the northeast (March-April).

To reach someone in Bolivia dial +591 prior to a number. There are 810,200 installed telephones. And there are 7,148,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".bo". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220/230V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Bolivia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes, yellow for the nation's mineral resources, and green for the fertility of the land
note: similar to the flag of Ghana, which has a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; in 2009, a presidential decree made it mandatory for a so-called wiphala - a square, multi-colored flag representing the country's indigenous peoples - to be used alongside the traditional flag.

National administrative regions of Bolivia

Historical background information

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation''s poor, indigenous majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. In December 2009, President MORALES easily won reelection, and his party took control of the legislative branch of the government, which will allow him to continue his process of change. In October 2011, the country held its first judicial elections to appoint judges to the four highest courts.

Demographic Information

Bolivia has 156 persons having reached the age of 100 years. Girls make up for 115 of this count (which is 74%). 1,205,157 young citizens below the age of five (and make up for 12% of the total population). 25.2 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Bolivian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Bolivia

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Peru, Chile, Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina
Capital: Sucre
Size 1,098,580 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 424,164 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than three times the size of Montana
Population 9,247,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Boliviano, Currency Code: BOB
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .bo
Telephone Country Prefix +591
Mobile Phone Connections 7,148,000
Landline Phone Connections 810,200
Military Spendings 1.3% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 1,098,581 (sq km) 28

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 10,461,053 82
Population growth rate 1.63 (%) 73
Birth rate 23.77 (births/1,000 population) 67
Death rate 6.67 (deaths/1,000 population) 143
Net migration rate -0.76 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 144
Maternal mortality rate 180.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 59
Infant mortality rate 39.76 (deaths/1,000 live births) 58
Life expectancy at birth 68.22 (years) 161
Total fertility rate 2.87 (children born/woman) 67
Health expenditures 4.80 (% of GDP) 147
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.20 (%) 95
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 12,000 92
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 67
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 17.90 (%) 109
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 4.50 (%) 92
Education expenditures 7.60 (% of GDP) 16
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 9.2 (%) 113


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 56,140,000,000 93
GDP - real growth rate 5.20 (%) 57
GDP - per capita (PPP) 5,200 157
Labor force 4,718,000 83
Unemployment rate 5.50 (%) 51
Distribution of family income - Gini index 53 14
Investment (gross fixed) 21.00 (% of GDP) 83
Taxes and other revenues 45.9 (% of GDP) 23
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 1.50 (% of GDP) 24
Public debt 32.70 (% of GDP) 107
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.50 (%) 127
Central bank discount rate 3.00 (%) 103
Commercial bank prime lending rate 11.50 (%) 71
Stock of narrow money 7,320,000,000 88
Stock of broad money 17,130,000,000 92
Stock of domestic credit 10,490,000,000 96
Market value of publicly traded shares 6,089,000,000 81
Industrial production growth rate 4.80 (%) 62
Current account balance 271,800,000 51
Exports 11,770,000,000 88
Imports 8,180,000,000 107
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 13,690,000,000 68
Debt - external 4,200,000,000 125
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 8,810,000,000 83
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 8,000,000 91


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 6,940,000,000 (kWh) 104
Electricity - consumption 6,301,000,000 (kWh) 102
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1317000 (kW) 117
Electricity - from fossil fuels 58.9 (% of total installed capacity) 140
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 39.3 (% of total installed capacity) 56
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1.7 (% of total installed capacity) 64
Crude oil - production 40,000 (bbl/day) 65
Crude oil - proved reserves 209800000 (bbl) 60
Refined petroleum products - production 314,700 (bbl/day) 43
Refined petroleum products - consumption 45,840 (bbl/day) 102
Refined petroleum products - exports 865 (bbl/day) 113
Refined petroleum products - imports 14,150 (bbl/day) 123
Natural gas - production 48,970,000,000 (cu m) 20
Natural gas - consumption 8,590,000,000 (cu m) 54
Natural gas - exports 40,280,000,000 (cu m) 11
Natural gas - proved reserves 281,500,000,000 (cu m) 42
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 13,290,000 (Mt) 93


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 879,000 83
Telephones - mobile cellular 8,355,000 85
Internet hosts 180,988 75
Internet users 1,103,000 95


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 865 7
Railways 3,652 (km) 46
Roadways 80,488 (km) 57
Waterways 10,000 (km) 13
Merchant marine 18 98


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 135

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.