Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
Yemen Info
Organization of World Heritage Cities

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1993
Size of heritage:

Longitude: 43,330°
Latitude: 14,198°


Zabid's domestic and military architecture and its urban plan make it an outstanding archaeological and historical site. Besides being the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century, the city played an important role in the Arab and Muslim world for many centuries because of its Islamic university.

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Historic Town of Zabid: A Glimpse into Yemen's Rich History

The Historic Town of Zabid, located in the Province d'al-Hudayda in Yemen, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a fascinating glimpse into the country's rich history. This ancient town, founded in the 9th century, served as the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century and played a significant role in the region's cultural and intellectual development.

Zabid's history can be traced back to the pre-Islamic period when it was an important center for trade and commerce. However, it was during the Ayyubid and Rasulid dynasties that Zabid flourished and became a renowned center of Islamic learning. The town's prestigious university, Al-Qasimiya, attracted scholars from across the Islamic world, making Zabid a hub of intellectual and cultural exchange.

The architecture of Zabid reflects its historical significance. The town is characterized by its traditional Yemeni mud-brick buildings, narrow streets, and intricate geometric patterns adorning the facades. The Great Mosque of Zabid, built in the 9th century, is a prime example of the town's architectural heritage. Its minaret, adorned with beautiful stucco decorations, stands as a testament to the town's Islamic heritage.

Unfortunately, the Historic Town of Zabid has faced numerous challenges in recent years, including armed conflict and neglect. The ongoing conflict in Yemen has taken a toll on the town's infrastructure and cultural heritage. The destruction caused by airstrikes and shelling has damaged many historic buildings, including the Great Mosque. Additionally, the lack of maintenance and preservation efforts has further contributed to the deterioration of the site.

Despite these challenges, there have been efforts to safeguard and restore Zabid's cultural heritage. UNESCO, in collaboration with local authorities and international partners, has been working to mitigate the damage caused by the conflict. Emergency measures have been implemented to stabilize and protect the most vulnerable structures, and awareness campaigns have been launched to highlight the importance of preserving Zabid's heritage.

Preserving the Historic Town of Zabid is not only crucial for Yemen but also for the world. The town's unique architectural style and its role as a center of Islamic learning make it an invaluable cultural asset. Its inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage list serves as a reminder of the importance of safeguarding our shared human heritage.

Efforts to restore and revitalize Zabid are ongoing, but the road to recovery is long and challenging. It requires not only financial resources but also political stability and a commitment to cultural preservation. By supporting initiatives aimed at preserving Zabid's heritage, we can contribute to the revitalization of this historic town and ensure that future generations can appreciate its cultural significance.

In conclusion, the Historic Town of Zabid in Yemen is a UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a glimpse into the country's rich history. Despite the challenges it faces, efforts are being made to preserve and restore this cultural gem. By recognizing the importance of Zabid's heritage and supporting its restoration, we can contribute to the preservation of our shared human history.

Videos from the area

المنشد ابو الغيث حمود لا تكذب عليا

Published: October 27, 2014
Length: 25:22 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: تهاميات

تهاميات قناه مختصة بالشلات التهامية والقصائد التهامية اليمنية.

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