Trinidad and Tobago
in Caribbean
North America

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - TTD
Spoken languages:
English, French, Spanish, Chinese
Local electricity:
115 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
850 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
TT
Internet top level domain:
.tt
Country phone prefix:
+1-868
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago with its capital Port of Spain is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 5,129 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Delaware) with a population of 1,218,210. English, French, Spanish and Chinese are the languages spoken by people in Trinidad and Tobago (consider regional differences). Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Trinidad and Tobago is a nation consisting primarily of two Caribbean islands just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Popular beaches in Trinidad are Maracas, Tyrico, Las Cuevas, Toco, Mayaro, Chagville, Los Iros and Quinam. Most of the beaches on the North coast are beautiful, with powdery sand and clear blue water. The annual festival of Carnival is one of the most famous things about Trinidad and Tobago.There are many beautiful dances and a lot of celebrating around this time. Every year on the Sunday, Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday and the season of Lent, thousands of costumed revelers parade on the streets in an annual street party dubbed The Greatest Show On Earth.

Impressions from the Trinidadian/Tobagonian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Trinidad and Tobago

Administrative regions of Trinidad and Tobago

About the country

The topography is mostly plains with some hills and low mountains. The average density of population is about 238 per km². The climate in Trinidad and Tobago can be described as tropical with rainy season (June to December). Potential natural disasters are outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms.

To reach someone Trinidad and Tobago dial +1-868 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 850 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".tt". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 115 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is TTD.

Red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side; the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people.

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 174) 5,128sq km
Land (World Rank: 172) 5,128sq km
Forest (World Rank: 185) 1.40%
Comparative slightly smaller than Delaware
Coastline
362
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 169) 940m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 192) 10.60%
Arable (World Rank: 152) 4.90%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 60) 4.30%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 185) 1.40%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 145) 70sq km
Map reference
Central America and the Caribbean
Environment
Issues
  • - and raw sewage
  • - deforestation
  • - industrial wastes
  • - oil pollution of beaches
  • - soil erosion
  • - water pollution from agricultural chemicals
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Marine Life Conservation
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
Location
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Climate
tropical; rainy season (June to December)
Terrain
mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 159) 1,218,210
Deathrate (World Rank: 68) 0.88%
Birthrate (World Rank: 153) 1.27%
Growthrate (World Rank: 203) -0.20%
Migration rate (World Rank: 161) -0.59%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 167) 1.71%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 68) 35.60
Female (World Rank: 73) 36.60
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 161) 119,651
0 14 female (World Rank: 161) 115,348
15 24 male (World Rank: 163) 75,402
15 24 female (World Rank: 164) 69,333
25 54 male (World Rank: 155) 289,244
25 54 female (World Rank: 155) 265,808
55 64 male (World Rank: 143) 76,601
55 64 female (World Rank: 143) 77,056
65 x male (World Rank: 144) 56,550
65 x female (World Rank: 144) 73,215
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 73) 2.23%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 135) 73years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 130) 76years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 138) 70years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 107) 1.18
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 80) 2.70
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 90) 91.50%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 117) 18.60%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 109) 95.10%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 102) 9,682,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 95) 9,461,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 29) 99.60%
Source renew (World Rank: 148) 0.40%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 47) 71,570bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 46) 32,620bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 53) 58,460bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 55) 243,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 66) 109,300bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 106) 46,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 41) 97,960bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 193) 1,498bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 19) 40,870,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 33) 39,390,000,000
Export (World Rank: 14) 17,860,000,000
Carbon footprint
48000000

Nation

Budget
Military (World Rank: 108) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 106) 6% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 151) -5% of GDP
National symbol
scarlet ibis
National colours
white
Adjective
Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Noun
Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Background
First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.
Flag description
red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side; the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 110) 43,420,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 209) -5.40%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 57) 31,800USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 211) 0.40%
Source industry (World Rank: 10) 48.40%
Source service (World Rank: 171) 51.20%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 152) 627,400
In poverty (World Rank: 106) 20.00%
Products
Industries
  • - ammonia
  • - beverages
  • - cement
  • - cotton textiles
  • - food processing
  • - liquefied natural gas
  • - methanol
  • - petroleum
  • - petroleum products
  • - steel products
  • - urea
Agriculture
  • - cassava
  • - cocoa
  • - coconut water
  • - cucumbers
  • - dasheen
  • - eggplant
  • - hot pepper
  • - pommecythere
  • - poultry
  • - pumpkin
  • - tomatoes
Exports
  • - ammonia
  • - beverages
  • - cereal
  • - cereal products
  • - cocoa
  • - cosmetics
  • - fish
  • - household cleaners
  • - liquefied natural gas
  • - methanol
  • - petroleum
  • - petroleum products
  • - plastic packaging
  • - preserved fruits
  • - steel products
  • - urea
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - food
  • - live animals
  • - lubricants
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - mineral fuels
  • - transportation equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 118) 272,072
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 78) 22.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 10) 174.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 135) 846,000
Population (World Rank: 77) 69.20%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 173) 2.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 171) 2.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 137) 9,592
Paved length (World Rank: 96) 5,524
Unpaved length (World Rank: 106) 4,068