Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1991
Size of heritage: 622,200 ha

Longitude: 98,917°
Latitude: 15,333°


Stretching over more than 600,000 ha along the Myanmar border, the sanctuaries, which are relatively intact, contain examples of almost all the forest types of continental South-East Asia. They are home to a very diverse array of animals, including 77% of the large mammals (especially elephants and tigers), 50% of the large birds and 33% of the land vertebrates to be found in this region.

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Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries: A Pristine Haven in Thailand

The Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries, located in the provinces of Kanchanaburi, Tak, and Uthai Thani in Thailand, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its exceptional biodiversity and pristine natural beauty. Spanning over 600,000 hectares, this protected area is a sanctuary for numerous endangered species and serves as a vital conservation site.


The history of the Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries dates back to 1972 when it was established as a wildlife sanctuary. Recognizing its ecological significance, it was later designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1991. The sanctuaries are named after two prominent rivers that flow through the area, Thungyai, and Huai Kha Khaeng.

For centuries, these sanctuaries have been home to indigenous communities who have lived in harmony with nature, preserving the delicate balance of the ecosystem. The local communities have played a crucial role in the conservation efforts, working alongside government agencies and international organizations to protect the sanctuaries' rich biodiversity.

Current State

The Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries are a haven for wildlife, boasting an incredible array of species. It is home to over 120 mammal species, including the endangered Asian elephant, tiger, leopard, and gaur. The sanctuaries also provide habitat for more than 400 bird species, making it a paradise for birdwatchers.

One of the most remarkable aspects of the Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries is its pristine forests. These forests are characterized by their intact ecosystems, with minimal human disturbance. The area is covered by a mix of tropical rainforests, dry deciduous forests, and grasslands, creating diverse habitats for the resident wildlife.

Efforts to protect and conserve the Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries have been ongoing. The Thai government, in collaboration with international organizations, has implemented various measures to safeguard this precious ecosystem. Strict regulations and patrols have been put in place to combat illegal activities such as poaching and logging, ensuring the sanctuaries remain undisturbed.

Furthermore, the local communities living around the sanctuaries have been actively involved in conservation initiatives. They have been provided with alternative livelihood options, reducing their dependence on the natural resources within the sanctuaries. This approach has not only helped in preserving the sanctuaries but has also improved the living conditions of the local communities.

Visitors to the Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries can experience the wonders of nature through guided tours and trekking. These activities are carefully managed to minimize any negative impact on the environment. Visitors have the opportunity to witness the diverse wildlife, explore the lush forests, and appreciate the beauty of this UNESCO World Heritage site.

In conclusion, the Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries in Thailand are a testament to the country's commitment to conservation. With its rich biodiversity, pristine forests, and collaborative conservation efforts, this UNESCO World Heritage site stands as a shining example of the importance of protecting our natural heritage for future generations.