Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1992
Size of heritage: 30 ha
- Buffer zone: 760 ha

Longitude: 103,358°
Latitude: 17,549°


Ban Chiang is considered the most important prehistoric settlement so far discovered in South-East Asia. It marks an important stage in human cultural, social and technological evolution. The site presents the earliest evidence of farming in the region and of the manufacture and use of metals.

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Ban Chiang Archaeological Site: A Window into Thailand's Ancient Past

The Ban Chiang Archaeological Site, located in the Udon Thani Province of Thailand, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a fascinating glimpse into the country's ancient history. This site is renowned for its exceptional archaeological discoveries, which have shed light on the prehistoric civilization that thrived in this region over 5,000 years ago.


The history of the Ban Chiang Archaeological Site dates back to the Neolithic period, around 3600 BCE. It was during this time that the first human settlements were established in the area. The site flourished during the Bronze Age, from 2100 to 200 BCE, when it became a center for metallurgy and pottery production.

The significance of Ban Chiang was first recognized in 1966 when a local villager accidentally unearthed ancient pottery while digging a well. This discovery led to extensive excavations by archaeologists, revealing a vast array of artifacts, including pottery, bronze tools, jewelry, and human skeletons.

The unique characteristic of the Ban Chiang artifacts lies in their intricate designs and vibrant colors. The pottery, in particular, showcases the remarkable craftsmanship of the ancient inhabitants, with its delicate patterns and intricate shapes. These artifacts provide valuable insights into the cultural practices, social structure, and artistic skills of the people who lived here thousands of years ago.

Current State

Today, the Ban Chiang Archaeological Site is meticulously preserved and open to the public. The site encompasses several excavation pits, where visitors can observe the ongoing archaeological work and gain a deeper understanding of the site's historical significance.

The Ban Chiang Museum, located adjacent to the archaeological site, is a must-visit for anyone interested in Thailand's ancient history. The museum houses a vast collection of artifacts, including pottery, bronze objects, and skeletal remains. These exhibits are thoughtfully curated and provide detailed explanations of the cultural and historical context of the site.

Visitors to the Ban Chiang Archaeological Site can also explore the surrounding area, which is dotted with ancient burial sites and remnants of ancient settlements. The lush landscape and serene atmosphere make it an ideal place for contemplation and reflection.

Preservation efforts at the Ban Chiang Archaeological Site are ongoing, with a focus on maintaining the integrity of the excavated areas and protecting the artifacts from deterioration. The site is carefully monitored to prevent any damage caused by natural elements or human interference.

The UNESCO World Heritage designation has played a crucial role in raising awareness about the significance of the Ban Chiang Archaeological Site. It has also facilitated international collaboration in research and conservation efforts, ensuring that this invaluable piece of Thailand's history is preserved for future generations.

Visiting the Ban Chiang Archaeological Site is not only a journey into the past but also an opportunity to appreciate the rich cultural heritage of Thailand. It serves as a reminder of the ingenuity and creativity of our ancestors and the importance of preserving and celebrating our shared human history.