South Korea
in Eastern Asia
Asia

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Won - KRW
Spoken languages:
Korean, English
Local electricity:
220 V - 60 Hz (plugs: F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
KR
Internet top level domain:
.kr
Country phone prefix:
+82
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore South Korea

South Korea with its capital Seoul is located in Asia (Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea). It covers some 99,721 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Pennsylvania) with 51,181,300 citizens. Korean and English are the common languages used in South Korea. Interesting info North Korea is the only bordering country.

South Koreais a country in East Asia. In recent years, a phenomenon known as the Korean Wave (or Hallyu) in which the popularity of South Korean film, television, music, food and other culture aspects has swept most of Asia and many other parts of the world has brought increased attention to the country.

Impressions from the Korean capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in South Korea

Administrative regions of South Korea

About the country

The landscape is mostly hills and mountains and wide coastal plains in west and south. The average density of population is about 513 per km². The climate in South Korea can be described as temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter with cold winters. Potential threats by nature are Halla (1,950 m) is considered historically active although it has not erupted in many centuries, low-level seismic activity common in southwest and occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods.

To reach someone South Korea dial +82 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".kr". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 60 Hz (plugs: F). The sign for the locally used currency Won is KRW.

White with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field; the South Korean national flag is called Taegukki; white is a traditional Korean color and represents peace and purity; the blue section represents the negative cosmic forces of the yin, while the red symbolizes the opposite positive forces of the yang; each trigram (kwae) denotes one of the four universal elements, which together express the principle of movement and harmony.

Flag of South Korea

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the Peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea. South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general ROH Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, KIM Young-sam (1993-98) became the first civilian president of South Korea's new democratic era. President KIM Dae-jung (1998-2003) won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 for his contributions to South Korean democracy and his "Sunshine" policy of engagement with North Korea. President PARK Geun-hye, daughter of former ROK President PARK Chung-hee, took office in February 2013 as South Korea's first female leader. In December 2016, the National Assembly passed an impeachment motion against President PARK over her alleged involvement in a corruption and influence-peddling scandal, immediately suspending her presidential authorities and establishing Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn as Acting President. The impeachment was upheld in March 2017, triggering an early presidential election on 9 May 2017. South Korea will host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games. Discord with North Korea has permeated inter-Korean relations for much of the past decade, highlighted by the North's attacks on a South Korean ship and island in 2010, the exchange of artillery fire across the DMZ, and multiple nuclear and missile tests in 2016, and missile tests in 2017.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 110) 99,720sq km
Land (World Rank: 106) 96,920sq km
Water (World Rank: 80) 2,800sq km
Forest (World Rank: 192) 0.60%
Comparative slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana
Coastline
2413
Landborder
237
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 128) 1,950m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 172) 18.10%
Arable (World Rank: 78) 15.30%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 88) 2.20%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 192) 0.60%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 49) 7,780sq km
Map reference
Asia
Environment
Issues
  • - acid rain
  • - air pollution in large cities
  • - drift net fishing
  • - water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents
Agreement party
  • - Antarctic Treaty
  • - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol
  • - Antarctic-Marine Living Resources
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards
  • - Halla (1,950 m) is considered historically active although it has not erupted in many centuries
  • - low-level seismic activity common in southwest
  • - occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods
Location
Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
Climate
temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter; cold winters
Terrain
mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 27) 51,181,300
Deathrate (World Rank: 165) 0.60%
Birthrate (World Rank: 216) 0.83%
Growthrate (World Rank: 155) 0.48%
Migration rate (World Rank: 35) 0.25%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 216) 1.26%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 33) 40.20
Female (World Rank: 33) 43.40
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 56) 3,484,400
0 14 female (World Rank: 56) 3,276,980
15 24 male (World Rank: 33) 3,416,000
15 24 female (World Rank: 34) 3,065,140
25 54 male (World Rank: 24) 11,992,500
25 54 female (World Rank: 26) 11,303,700
55 64 male (World Rank: 18) 3,660,890
55 64 female (World Rank: 18) 3,756,950
65 x male (World Rank: 17) 3,080,600
65 x female (World Rank: 17) 4,144,150
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 211) 0.30%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 10) 83years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 6) 86years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 22) 79years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 69) 2.23
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 5) 10.30
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 18) 100.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 184) 4.70%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 86) 97.80%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 10) 528,100,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 9) 497,000,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 111) 67.10%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 83) 21.10%
Source renew (World Rank: 78) 7.20%
Crude oil
Imports (World Rank: 5) 2,942,000bbl / day
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 6) 3,114,000bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 8) 2,630,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 7) 1,343,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 7) 935,500bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 77) 188,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 18) 69,630,000,000
Import (World Rank: 12) 0
Carbon footprint
599300000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 86) 5% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 42) 2% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 69) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 25) 1% of GDP
National symbol
taegeuk
National colours
white
Adjective
Korean
Noun
Korean(s)
Background
An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. In 1910, Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in 1945. After World War II, a democratic-based government (Republic of Korea, ROK) was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a communist-style government was installed in the north (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK). During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside ROK soldiers to defend South Korea from a DPRK invasion supported by China and the Soviet Union. A 1953 armistice split the Peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a 1961 coup. During his regime, from 1961 to 1979, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea. South Korea held its first free presidential election under a revised democratic constitution in 1987, with former ROK Army general ROH Tae-woo winning a close race. In 1993, KIM Young-sam (1993-98) became the first civilian president of South Korea's new democratic era. President KIM Dae-jung (1998-2003) won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 for his contributions to South Korean democracy and his "Sunshine" policy of engagement with North Korea. President PARK Geun-hye, daughter of former ROK President PARK Chung-hee, took office in February 2013 as South Korea's first female leader. In December 2016, the National Assembly passed an impeachment motion against President PARK over her alleged involvement in a corruption and influence-peddling scandal, immediately suspending her presidential authorities and establishing Prime Minister HWANG Kyo-ahn as Acting President. The impeachment was upheld in March 2017, triggering an early presidential election on 9 May 2017. South Korea will host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games. Discord with North Korea has permeated inter-Korean relations for much of the past decade, highlighted by the North's attacks on a South Korean ship and island in 2010, the exchange of artillery fire across the DMZ, and multiple nuclear and missile tests in 2016, and missile tests in 2017.
Flag description
white with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field; the South Korean national flag is called Taegukki; white is a traditional Korean color and represents peace and purity; the blue section represents the negative cosmic forces of the yin, while the red symbolizes the opposite positive forces of the yang; each trigram (kwae) denotes one of the four universal elements, which together express the principle of movement and harmony

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 14) 1,934,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 102) 2.80%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 46) 37,700USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 172) 2.20%
Source industry (World Rank: 29) 38.60%
Source service (World Rank: 133) 59.20%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 23) 27,250,000
In poverty (World Rank: 143) 12.50%
Products
Industries
  • - automobile production
  • - chemicals
  • - electronics
  • - shipbuilding
  • - steel
  • - telecommunications
Agriculture
  • - barley
  • - cattle
  • - chickens
  • - eggs
  • - fish
  • - fruit
  • - milk
  • - pigs
  • - rice
  • - root crops
  • - vegetables
Exports
  • - automobile/auto parts
  • - computers
  • - electronics
  • - flat displays
  • - petrochemicals
  • - plastics
  • - semiconductors
  • - ships
  • - steel
  • - wireless communication equipment
Imports
  • - automobiles
  • - coal
  • - computers
  • - crude oil/petroleum products
  • - fine chemicals
  • - natural gas
  • - semiconductors
  • - steel
  • - textiles
  • - wireless communication equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 10) 28,035,600
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 16) 55.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 75) 120.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 16) 44,153,000
Population (World Rank: 23) 89.90%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 33) 71.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 68) 40.00
Heliports (World Rank: 2) 466
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 48) 3,874
Road
Total length (World Rank: 47) 99,025
Paved length (World Rank: 29) 91,195
Unpaved length (World Rank: 94) 7,830
Water
Total length (World Rank: 50) 1,600