Saint Helena
in Western Africa
Africa

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Pound - SHP
Spoken languages:
English
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz
ISO 2-Letter code:
SH
Internet top level domain:
.sh
Country phone prefix:
+290
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Saint Helena

Saint Helena with its capital Jamestown is located in Africa (islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 1). It covers some 395 square kilometers (slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC) with 7,828 citizens. English is the language commonly spoken used by the people in Saint Helena. This country shares no land borders with another country.

Saint Helena is a British overseas territory consisting of the islands Saint Helena, Ascension and the Tristan da Cunha islands group. These are among the world's most isolated islands.

Impressions from the Saint Helenian capital

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Popular Destinations in Saint Helena

Administrative regions of Saint Helena

About the country

The landscape is the islands of this group are of volcanic origin associated with the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge Saint Helena: rugged, volcanic with small scattered plateaus and plains Ascension: surface covered by lava flows and cinder cones of 44 dormant volcanoes, terrain rises to the east Tristan da Cunha: sheer cliffs line the coastline of the nearly circular island, the flanks of the central volcanic peak are deeply dissected as well as narrow coastal plain lies between The Peak and the coastal cliffs. The average density of population is about 20 per km². The climate in Saint Helena can be described as Saint Helena: tropical marinemild, tempered by trade winds Ascension Island: tropical marine, mild, semi-arid Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine, mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena). Potential threats by nature are active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha the island volcanoes of Tristan da Cunha (2,060 m) and Nightingale Island (365 m) experience volcanic activity; Tristan da Cunha erupted in 1962 and Nightingale in 2004

To reach someone Saint Helena dial +290 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sh". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G). The sign for the locally used currency Pound is SHP.

Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the upper third of the shield depicts a white plover (wire bird) on a yellow field; the remainder of the shield depicts a rocky coastline on the left, offshore is a three-masted sailing ship with sails furled but flying an English flag.

Flag of Saint Helena

Saint Helena is a British Overseas Territory consisting of Saint Helena and Ascension Islands, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha. Saint Helena: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, Saint Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile from 1815 until his death in 1821, but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. During the Anglo-Boer War in South Africa, several thousand Boer prisoners were confined on the island between 1900 and 1903. Saint Helena is one of the most remote populated places in the world. The British Government committed to building an airport on Saint Helena in 2005. After more than a decade of delays and construction, a commercial air service to South Africa via Namibia was inaugurated in October of 2017. The weekly service to Saint Helena from Johannesburg via Windhoek in Namibia takes just over six hours (including the refueling stop in Windhoek) and replaces the mail ship that had made a five-day journey to the island every three weeks. Ascension Island: This barren and uninhabited island was discovered and named by the Portuguese in 1503. The British garrisoned the island in 1815 to prevent a rescue of Napoleon from Saint Helena. It served as a provisioning station for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron on anti-slavery patrol. The island remained under Admiralty control until 1922, when it became a dependency of Saint Helena. During World War II, the UK permitted the US to construct an airfield on Ascension in support of transatlantic flights to Africa and anti-submarine operations in the South Atlantic. In the 1960s the island became an important space tracking station for the US. In 1982, Ascension was an essential staging area for British forces during the Falklands War. It remains a critical refueling point in the air-bridge from the UK to the South Atlantic. The island hosts one of four dedicated ground antennas (the others are on Diego Garcia (British Indian Ocean Territory), Kwajalein (Marshall Islands), and at Cape Canaveral, Florida (US)) that assist in the operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation system. NASA and the US Air Force also operate a Meter-Class Autonomous Telescope (MCAT) on Ascension as part of the deep space surveillance system for tracking orbital debris, which can be a hazard to spacecraft and astronauts. Tristan da Cunha: The island group consists of Tristan da Cunha, Nightingale, Inaccessible, and Gough Islands. Tristan da Cunha, named after its Portuguese discoverer (1506), was garrisoned by the British in 1816 to prevent any attempt to rescue Napoleon from Saint Helena. Gough and Inaccessible Islands have been designated World Heritage Sites. South Africa leases a site for a meteorological station on Gough Island.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 203) 394sq km
Land (World Rank: 217) 122sq km
Forest (World Rank: 87) 20.50%
Comparative slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 122) 2,060m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 135) 30.80%
Arable (World Rank: 106) 10.30%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 87) 20.50%
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues development threatens unique biota on Saint Helena
Hazzards
  • - active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha
  • - the island volcanoes of Tristan da Cunha (2,060 m) and Nightingale Island (365 m) experience volcanic activity; Tristan da Cunha erupted in 1962 and Nightingale in 2004
Location
islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 1,300 km (800 mi) northwest of Saint Helena; Tristan da Cunha lies 4,300 km (2,700 mi) southwest of Saint Helena
Climate
Saint Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild, semi-arid Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)
Terrain
the islands of this group are of volcanic origin associated with the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge Saint Helena: rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains Ascension: surface covered by lava flows and cinder cones of 44 dormant volcanoes; terrain rises to the east Tristan da Cunha: sheer cliffs line the coastline of the nearly circular island; the flanks of the central volcanic peak are deeply dissected; narrow coastal plain lies between The Peak and the coastal cliffs

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 222) 7,828
Deathrate (World Rank: 99) 0.78%
Birthrate (World Rank: 196) 0.96%
Growthrate (World Rank: 182) 0.18%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 181) 1.59%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 16) 42.00
Female (World Rank: 47) 41.90
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 222) 637
0 14 female (World Rank: 222) 613
15 24 male (World Rank: 223) 486
15 24 female (World Rank: 223) 468
25 54 male (World Rank: 223) 1,701
25 54 female (World Rank: 222) 1,735
55 64 male (World Rank: 221) 517
55 64 female (World Rank: 222) 487
65 x male (World Rank: 218) 604
65 x female (World Rank: 221) 580
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 105) 1.37%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 45) 80years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 44) 83years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 51) 77years

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 214) 10,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 213) 9,300,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 17) 100.00%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 212) 80bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 209) 85bbl / day
Carbon footprint
12080

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 225) 31,100,000USD
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 149) 7,800USD
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 223) 2,486
Products
Industries
  • - collectible postage stamps
  • - construction
  • - crafts
  • - fancy woodwork
  • - fishing
  • - furniture
  • - lacework
Agriculture
  • - coffee
  • - corn
  • - fish
  • - livestock
  • - lobster
  • - potatoes
  • - timber
  • - vegetables
Exports
  • - canned
  • - coffee
  • - fish (frozen
  • - handicrafts
  • - salt-dried skipjack
  • - tuna)
Imports
  • - animal feed
  • - beverages
  • - building materials
  • - food
  • - fuel oils
  • - machinery
  • - motor vehicles
  • - parts
  • - tobacco

Communication

Phone
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 51) 35.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 209) 32.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 218) 1,800
Population (World Rank: 179) 23.10%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 177) 2.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 210) 198.00
Paved length (World Rank: 172) 168.00
Unpaved length (World Rank: 152) 30.00

Nation

National symbol
Saint Helena plover
Adjective
Saint Helenian
Noun
Saint Helenian(s)
Background
Saint Helena is a British Overseas Territory consisting of Saint Helena and Ascension Islands, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha. Saint Helena: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, Saint Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile from 1815 until his death in 1821, but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. During the Anglo-Boer War in South Africa, several thousand Boer prisoners were confined on the island between 1900 and 1903. Saint Helena is one of the most remote populated places in the world. The British Government committed to building an airport on Saint Helena in 2005. After more than a decade of delays and construction, a commercial air service to South Africa via Namibia was inaugurated in October of 2017. The weekly service to Saint Helena from Johannesburg via Windhoek in Namibia takes just over six hours (including the refueling stop in Windhoek) and replaces the mail ship that had made a five-day journey to the island every three weeks. Ascension Island: This barren and uninhabited island was discovered and named by the Portuguese in 1503. The British garrisoned the island in 1815 to prevent a rescue of Napoleon from Saint Helena. It served as a provisioning station for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron on anti-slavery patrol. The island remained under Admiralty control until 1922, when it became a dependency of Saint Helena. During World War II, the UK permitted the US to construct an airfield on Ascension in support of transatlantic flights to Africa and anti-submarine operations in the South Atlantic. In the 1960s the island became an important space tracking station for the US. In 1982, Ascension was an essential staging area for British forces during the Falklands War. It remains a critical refueling point in the air-bridge from the UK to the South Atlantic. The island hosts one of four dedicated ground antennas (the others are on Diego Garcia (British Indian Ocean Territory), Kwajalein (Marshall Islands), and at Cape Canaveral, Florida (US)) that assist in the operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation system. NASA and the US Air Force also operate a Meter-Class Autonomous Telescope (MCAT) on Ascension as part of the deep space surveillance system for tracking orbital debris, which can be a hazard to spacecraft and astronauts. Tristan da Cunha: The island group consists of Tristan da Cunha, Nightingale, Inaccessible, and Gough Islands. Tristan da Cunha, named after its Portuguese discoverer (1506), was garrisoned by the British in 1816 to prevent any attempt to rescue Napoleon from Saint Helena. Gough and Inaccessible Islands have been designated World Heritage Sites. South Africa leases a site for a meteorological station on Gough Island.
Flag description
blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the upper third of the shield depicts a white plover (wire bird) on a yellow field; the remainder of the shield depicts a rocky coastline on the left, offshore is a three-masted sailing ship with sails furled but flying an English flag

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.