Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
The Himalayas - Nepal Himalayas - Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park (Think-Quest)
Sagarmatha National park (Dept. of National Parks & Wildlife Conservation)

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1979
Size of heritage: 124,400 ha

Longitude: 86,913°
Latitude: 27,965°


Sagarmatha is an exceptional area with dramatic mountains, glaciers and deep valleys, dominated by Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world (8,848 m). Several rare species, such as the snow leopard and the lesser panda, are found in the park. The presence of the Sherpas, with their unique culture, adds further interest to this site.

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Sagarmatha National Park, located in the Solu-Khumbu District of the Sagarmatha Zone in Nepal, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its breathtaking natural beauty and cultural significance. Spanning an area of 1,148 square kilometers, the park is home to the world's highest peak, Mount Everest, and a diverse range of flora and fauna. This article will delve into the history of Sagarmatha National Park and provide an overview of its current state.


Established in 1976, Sagarmatha National Park was Nepal's first national park and was later designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979. The park was primarily established to protect the unique and fragile ecosystem of the Himalayan region, including the rare and endangered species that inhabit it. Additionally, the park aims to preserve the cultural heritage of the Sherpa people, who have inhabited the region for centuries.

Flora and Fauna

Sagarmatha National Park boasts a remarkable variety of flora and fauna, owing to its diverse climatic zones and altitudinal variations. The park encompasses several vegetation zones, ranging from subalpine forests to alpine meadows and barren rock. The lower regions of the park are covered in dense forests of pine, birch, and rhododendron, while the higher altitudes are characterized by alpine grasslands and shrubs. The park is home to numerous rare and endangered species, including the elusive snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, red panda, and musk deer. It also serves as a sanctuary for over 118 species of birds, such as the colorful Himalayan monal, blood pheasant, and snow cock. The park's rich biodiversity and unique ecosystem make it a paradise for nature enthusiasts and researchers alike.

Cultural Significance

Sagarmatha National Park holds immense cultural significance, particularly for the Sherpa people who have inhabited the region for generations. The Sherpas, renowned for their mountaineering skills, have a deep spiritual connection with the mountains and consider them sacred. The park is dotted with numerous monasteries, chortens (Buddhist shrines), and prayer flags, which reflect the Sherpa's religious and cultural practices. The park also encompasses several traditional Sherpa villages, including Namche Bazaar, the gateway to Everest. These villages offer visitors a glimpse into the unique lifestyle and traditions of the Sherpa community. The Sherpas' warm hospitality and rich cultural heritage make Sagarmatha National Park not only a natural wonder but also a cultural treasure.

Current State

Sagarmatha National Park faces various challenges in preserving its natural and cultural heritage. The increasing number of tourists and climbers visiting the park has put pressure on its fragile ecosystem. To mitigate these impacts, the park authorities have implemented strict regulations, including waste management systems and restrictions on climbing activities during certain seasons. Efforts are also underway to promote sustainable tourism and raise awareness about the park's conservation needs. Local communities, park authorities, and international organizations collaborate to ensure the long-term protection of Sagarmatha National Park. These initiatives aim to strike a balance between tourism and conservation, allowing future generations to experience the park's wonders while preserving its unique ecosystem and cultural heritage. In conclusion, Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is a UNESCO World Heritage site of immense natural and cultural significance. With its stunning landscapes, diverse flora and fauna, and rich Sherpa heritage, the park continues to captivate visitors from around the world. However, it also faces challenges in preserving its fragile ecosystem, necessitating ongoing conservation efforts and sustainable tourism practices.

Videos from the area

Mountain Flight Nepal, Mount Everest etc...

Published: June 08, 2013
Length: 22:07 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: TheTheGuinness

Mountain Flight Nepal, Mount Everest and many more peaks. Buddha Airlines. It was amazing place even from airplane :) That highest peak is Mount Everest.

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