Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1997
Size of heritage: 1.95 ha
- Buffer zone: 23 ha
Siddhartha Gautama, the Lord Buddha, was born in 623 B.C. in the famous gardens of Lumbini, which soon became a place of pilgrimage. Among the pilgrims was the Indian emperor Ashoka, who erected one of his commemorative pillars there. The site is now being developed as a Buddhist pilgrimage centre, where the archaeological remains associated with the birth of the Lord Buddha form a central feature.
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IntroductionLumbini, located in the Lumbini Zone of the Rupandehi District in the Western Terai region of Nepal, is a UNESCO World Heritage site known as the birthplace of the Lord Buddha. This sacred site holds immense religious and historical significance for Buddhists worldwide. Lumbini attracts pilgrims and tourists alike, who come to pay homage to the birthplace of one of the world's greatest spiritual leaders.
HistoryLumbini's history dates back over 2,500 years when it was the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, who later became the Lord Buddha. According to Buddhist tradition, Queen Mayadevi, the mother of Siddhartha, gave birth to him while holding onto a tree branch in the Lumbini Garden. The site remained a place of pilgrimage for centuries until it was lost and forgotten. In 1896, the rediscovery of Lumbini by a German archaeologist, Dr. Alois Fuhrer, brought it back into the limelight. Excavations revealed a stone pillar erected by Emperor Ashoka in 249 BCE, which confirmed Lumbini as the birthplace of the Lord Buddha. Since then, Lumbini has been a focal point for Buddhist devotees and scholars.
Current StateLumbini is a sprawling complex covering an area of approximately 4.8 square miles. The site is divided into three main areas: the Sacred Garden, the Monastic Zone, and the Lumbini Village. The Sacred Garden is the heart of Lumbini and contains the Mayadevi Temple, which enshrines the exact spot where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama. The temple is a simple but elegant structure with a stone slab marking the exact birthplace. Devotees offer prayers and light butter lamps in reverence to the Lord Buddha. The Monastic Zone is a peaceful area where different Buddhist communities from around the world have constructed monasteries and meditation centers. These monasteries showcase various architectural styles and cultural traditions, providing visitors with a glimpse into the diversity of Buddhism. Lumbini Village is the residential area surrounding the Sacred Garden. It offers accommodation, restaurants, and shops catering to the needs of pilgrims and tourists. The village also hosts the Lumbini Museum, which exhibits artifacts and relics related to Buddhism and the history of Lumbini. To preserve and promote Lumbini, the Lumbini Development Trust was established in 1985. The trust, in collaboration with the international community, has undertaken various initiatives to conserve the site and improve facilities for visitors. Efforts have been made to restore ancient monuments, develop infrastructure, and enhance the overall experience for pilgrims and tourists. Lumbini's significance as a UNESCO World Heritage site has led to increased recognition and support from the international community. It has become a symbol of peace, harmony, and spiritual enlightenment, attracting visitors from all walks of life. Lumbini continues to be a place of pilgrimage, meditation, and learning, inspiring people to follow the teachings of the Lord Buddha and seek inner peace.
Medium airport - 9 mi (15 km) Gorakhpur Airport
Medium airport - 51 mi (83 km) Baglung Airport
Small airport - 57 mi (92 km) Meghauli Airport
Small airport - 59 mi (95 km) Pokhara Airport
Medium airport - 66 mi (107 km) Bharatpur Airport
Small airport - 72 mi (117 km) Tulsipur Airport
Small airport - 75 mi (121 km) Gorkha Airport
Small airport - 84 mi (136 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.