Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2003
Size of heritage: 172,116 ha
- Buffer zone: 369,649 ha
Quebrada de Humahuaca follows the line of a major cultural route, the Camino Inca, along the spectacular valley of the Rio Grande, from its source in the cold high desert plateau of the High Andean lands to its confluence with the Rio Leone some 150 km to the south. The valley shows substantial evidence of its use as a major trade route over the past 10,000 years. It features visible traces of prehistoric hunter-gatherer communities, of the Inca Empire (15th to 16th centuries) and of the fight for independence in the 19th and 20th centuries.
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Quebrada de Humahuaca: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Argentina
The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a stunning UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Province of Jujuy, Argentina. This breathtaking valley stretches for approximately 155 kilometers along the Rio Grande and is renowned for its exceptional natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and historical significance.
The Quebrada de Humahuaca has a long and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. It was once a major trade route for the Inca Empire, connecting the highlands of Bolivia with the fertile valleys of Argentina. The valley was also an important cultural crossroads, where various indigenous communities, such as the Omaguacas, Tilcaras, and Incas, interacted and exchanged goods, ideas, and traditions.
During the colonial period, the Quebrada de Humahuaca became a strategic location for the Spanish Empire. The valley served as a vital link between the Viceroyalty of Peru and the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. The Spanish established several towns along the route, including Humahuaca, Tilcara, and Purmamarca, which still exist today and showcase colonial architecture and cultural traditions.
Today, the Quebrada de Humahuaca is not only a testament to its rich history but also a vibrant cultural landscape that continues to thrive. The valley is home to numerous indigenous communities that have preserved their ancestral traditions, including music, dance, and crafts. Visitors have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the local culture by attending traditional festivals, exploring local markets, and interacting with the friendly locals.
The natural beauty of the Quebrada de Humahuaca is awe-inspiring. The valley is characterized by towering multicolored mountains, deep canyons, and picturesque villages. The diverse geological formations, such as the famous Hill of Seven Colors in Purmamarca, offer a visual feast for nature enthusiasts and photographers.
One of the most iconic landmarks in the Quebrada de Humahuaca is the Cerro de los Siete Colores (Hill of Seven Colors). This geological wonder displays a unique palette of vibrant hues, ranging from reds and purples to greens and yellows. The hill is a popular spot for visitors to witness the breathtaking sunset, which bathes the landscape in a warm golden glow.
The Quebrada de Humahuaca was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2003, recognizing its outstanding universal value. The site's cultural and natural significance, as well as its exceptional preservation, make it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking to explore Argentina's rich heritage.
Visitors to the Quebrada de Humahuaca can embark on various activities, including hiking, horseback riding, and exploring ancient archaeological sites. The valley offers a unique opportunity to connect with nature, history, and local traditions, providing an unforgettable experience for all who venture into its enchanting landscapes.
In conclusion, the Quebrada de Humahuaca in the Province of Jujuy, Argentina, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the region's rich history, cultural diversity, and natural beauty. Its historical significance as a trade route and cultural crossroads, combined with its vibrant present-day communities and stunning landscapes, make it a truly remarkable destination for travelers from around the world.
Medium airport - 22 mi (35 km) Orán Airport
Medium airport - 32 mi (52 km) General Enrique Mosconi Airport
Medium airport - 56 mi (91 km) Yacuiba Airport
Medium airport - 86 mi (139 km) Capitan Oriel Lea Plaza Airport
Medium airport - 86 mi (139 km) Gobernador Horacio Guzman International Airport
Medium airport - 114 mi (183 km) Teniente Coronel Rafael Pabón Airport
Medium airport - 133 mi (215 km) Martin Miguel De Guemes International Airport
Medium airport - 152 mi (244 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Abra Pampa
- El Carmen
- La Quiaca
- Las Carreras
- Las Carreras
- Libertador General San Martin
- San Antonio
- San Antonio de los Cobres
- San Juan
- San Pedro
- San Salvador de Jujuy
- Santa Catalina
- Santa Clara
- Santa Victoria
- Valle Grande
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Agua Blanca
- Agua Sulfhidrica
- Aguas Blancas
- Bala Puca
- Canada Grande
- Canada del Paraguay
- El Angosto
- Flor de Oro
- Fortin Campero
- Juntas de San Antonio
- La Goma
- Los Pozos
- Naranja Agria
- Paso Petaca
- Pozala Laja Pozo
- Pozos Bermejo
- Rio Pescado
- San Antonio
- San Carlos
- San Martin
- San Telmo
- Tres Palcas