Explore Ghana in Africa

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Ghana with its capital Accra is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 239,461 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Oregon) with 23,382,000 citizens. English, Akan, Ewe and Twi are the languages commonly used by the people in Ghana (consider regional differences). Ivory Coast, Togo and Burkina Faso are bordering countries.

Ghana is in West Africa. It borders Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and Togo to the east. There are two main seasons in Ghana, the wet and the dry seasons. Northern Ghana experiences its rainy season from March to November while the south, including the capital Accra, experiences the season from April to Mid-November. Among the sites equiped for tourists are the slave castles in coastal towns, including Cape Coast, Elmina and others. A Tro-Tro ride away from Accra is Kakum National Park, where you can walk the wood-and-rope bridges though the rainforest canopy. A wonderful experience, abeit a bit touristy. Prices have skyrocketed in recent years, but nonetheless it is a great opportunity to see some flora and fauna (if there are not too many tourists, you have a fairly good chance of seeing some monkeys in the trees).


Pictures from the Ghanaian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Accra is like. We have selected more pictures from Accra on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Ghana Tourism

P. O. Box 3106

Phone: +233 21 222153
Phone: +233 21 231779

The landscape features mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area. The average density of population is about 98 per km². The climate in Ghana can be described as tropical with warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast, hot and humid in southwest, hot and dry in north. Potential threats by nature are dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March or droughts.

To reach someone in Ghana dial +233 prior to a number. There are 267,400 installed telephones. And there are 15,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gh". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Ghanaian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Ghana

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, yellow represents the country's mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band.

National administrative regions of Ghana

Historical background information

Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009, but he died in July 2012 and was succeeded by his vice president John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won a December 2012 special presidential election.

Learn more on our Ghanaian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.