Discover Ghana in Africa

Ghana with its capital Accra is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 239,461 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Oregon) with 23,382,000 citizens. English, Akan, Ewe and Twi are the languages commonly used by the people in Ghana (consider regional differences). Ivory Coast, Togo and Burkina Faso are bordering countries.

Ghana is in West Africa. It borders Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and Togo to the east. There are two main seasons in Ghana, the wet and the dry seasons. Northern Ghana experiences its rainy season from March to November while the south, including the capital Accra, experiences the season from April to Mid-November. Among the sites equiped for tourists are the slave castles in coastal towns, including Cape Coast, Elmina and others. A Tro-Tro ride away from Accra is Kakum National Park, where you can walk the wood-and-rope bridges though the rainforest canopy. A wonderful experience, abeit a bit touristy. Prices have skyrocketed in recent years, but nonetheless it is a great opportunity to see some flora and fauna (if there are not too many tourists, you have a fairly good chance of seeing some monkeys in the trees).

Pictures from the Ghanaian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Accra is like. We have selected more pictures from Accra on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Ghana Tourism

P. O. Box 3106

Phone: +233 21 222153
Phone: +233 21 231779

The landscape features mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area. The average density of population is about 98 per km². The climate in Ghana can be described as tropical with warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast, hot and humid in southwest, hot and dry in north. Potential threats by nature are dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March or droughts.

To reach someone in Ghana dial +233 prior to a number. There are 267,400 installed telephones. And there are 15,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gh". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Ghana

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, yellow represents the country's mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band.

National administrative regions of Ghana

Historical background information

Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009, but he died in July 2012 and was succeeded by his vice president John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won a December 2012 special presidential election.

Demographic Information

Ghana has 49 citizens over the age of 100 years. Women make up for 31 of this count (which is 63%). 3,197,356 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 13% of the total population). 28.1 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Ghanaian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Ghana

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Ivory Coast, Togo, Burkina Faso
Capital: Accra
Size 239,460 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 92,456 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Oregon
Population 23,382,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Cedi, Currency Code: GHC
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gh
Telephone Country Prefix +233
Mobile Phone Connections 15,109,000
Landline Phone Connections 267,400
Military Spendings 1.7% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 238,533 (sq km) 82

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 25,199,609 48
Population growth rate 2.19 (%) 42
Birth rate 31.70 (births/1,000 population) 37
Death rate 7.53 (deaths/1,000 population) 114
Net migration rate -2.23 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 166
Maternal mortality rate 350.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 32
Infant mortality rate 39.70 (deaths/1,000 live births) 59
Life expectancy at birth 65.32 (years) 172
Total fertility rate 4.12 (children born/woman) 38
Health expenditures 5.20 (% of GDP) 130
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.80 (%) 32
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 260,000 23
HIV/AIDS - deaths 18,000 16
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 7.50 (%) 140
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 14.30 (%) 54
Education expenditures 8.20 (% of GDP) 12
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 16.6 (%) 80


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 83,740,000,000 79
GDP - real growth rate 7.00 (%) 27
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,400 174
Labor force 11,670,000 47
Unemployment rate 11.00 (%) 117
Distribution of family income - Gini index 39 65
Investment (gross fixed) 25.10 (% of GDP) 52
Taxes and other revenues 21.5 (% of GDP) 153
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.10 (% of GDP) 174
Public debt 47.40 (% of GDP) 71
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 9.10 (%) 193
Central bank discount rate 17.00 (%) 8
Commercial bank prime lending rate 18.20 (%) 23
Stock of narrow money 6,042,000,000 91
Stock of broad money 11,560,000,000 103
Stock of domestic credit 10,180,000,000 98
Market value of publicly traded shares 3,531,000,000 91
Industrial production growth rate 5.00 (%) 60
Current account balance -4,559,000,000 162
Exports 13,580,000,000 82
Imports 17,520,000,000 82
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 5,888,000,000 85
Debt - external 11,230,000,000 93


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 8,764,000,000 (kWh) 98
Electricity - consumption 6,122,000,000 (kWh) 105
Electricity - exports 752,000,000 (kWh) 57
Electricity - imports 198,000,000 (kWh) 88
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1985000 (kW) 102
Electricity - from fossil fuels 40.6 (% of total installed capacity) 169
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 59.4 (% of total installed capacity) 34
Crude oil - production 72,580 (bbl/day) 54
Crude oil - exports 14,000 (bbl/day) 55
Crude oil - imports 43,000 (bbl/day) 59
Crude oil - proved reserves 660000000 (bbl) 45
Refined petroleum products - production 27,260 (bbl/day) 93
Refined petroleum products - consumption 61,590 (bbl/day) 93
Refined petroleum products - exports 7,275 (bbl/day) 92
Refined petroleum products - imports 24,390 (bbl/day) 96
Natural gas - consumption 120,000,000 (cu m) 104
Natural gas - imports 120,000,000 (cu m) 73
Natural gas - proved reserves 22,650,000,000 (cu m) 77
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 10,580,000 (Mt) 100


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 284,700 119
Telephones - mobile cellular 21,166,000 46
Internet hosts 59,086 93
Internet users 1,297,000 93


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 10 157
Railways 947 (km) 91
Roadways 62,221 (km) 71
Waterways 1,293 (km) 57
Merchant marine 4 133


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.70 (% of GDP) 85

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.