Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
Everglades National Park
World Heritage in the United States

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1979
Size of heritage: 567,017 ha

Longitude: -79,004°
Latitude: 25,554°


This site at the southern tip of Florida has been called 'a river of grass flowing imperceptibly from the hinterland into the sea'. The exceptional variety of its water habitats has made it a sanctuary for a large number of birds and reptiles, as well as for threatened species such as the manatee.

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Everglades National Park

Everglades National Park, located in the southern tip of the Florida peninsula along the Gulf of Mexico, is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the most unique and ecologically diverse areas in the United States. Spanning over 1.5 million acres, the park is home to a vast array of plant and animal species, making it an invaluable natural treasure.


The history of Everglades National Park dates back thousands of years when Native American tribes inhabited the region. These tribes, including the Calusa and Tequesta, relied on the rich resources of the Everglades for their survival. However, the arrival of European settlers in the 19th century brought significant changes to the area.

Draining the wetlands for agriculture and urban development became a common practice, leading to the destruction of the delicate ecosystem. Concerned about the rapid degradation of the Everglades, conservationists and environmentalists began advocating for its protection in the early 20th century.

In 1947, Everglades National Park was established to preserve and protect the unique natural features of the region. It was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979, recognizing its outstanding universal value and the need for its conservation.

Current State

Today, Everglades National Park remains an essential ecological sanctuary, providing a habitat for numerous endangered and threatened species. The park is characterized by its vast wetlands, sawgrass marshes, mangrove forests, and diverse wildlife.

The Everglades is home to over 350 species of birds, including the iconic American alligator and the elusive Florida panther. It also serves as a critical breeding ground for various marine species, such as manatees and sea turtles.

However, the park faces numerous challenges that threaten its delicate balance. Pollution, invasive species, habitat loss, and water management issues pose significant risks to the Everglades' ecosystem. Efforts are being made to restore and protect the park, including the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, a joint initiative by federal and state agencies.

Visitors to Everglades National Park can explore its diverse landscapes through hiking trails, boat tours, and guided ranger programs. The park offers a unique opportunity to witness the intricate interplay between land, water, and wildlife.

Education and research are also integral to the park's mission. The Ernest F. Coe Visitor Center provides visitors with information about the park's history, ecology, and ongoing conservation efforts. Scientists and researchers from around the world conduct studies in the park to better understand its complex ecosystem and develop strategies for its preservation.

Everglades National Park stands as a testament to the importance of protecting and conserving our natural heritage. Its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage site serves as a reminder of the global significance of this unique ecosystem and the need for its continued preservation for future generations.