Svalbard and Jan Mayen
in Northern Europe
Europe

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Krone - NOK
Spoken languages:
Norwegian, Russian
Local electricity:
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900/1800
ISO 2-Letter code:
SJ
Internet top level domain:
.sj
Country phone prefix:
+47
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Svalbard and Jan Mayen with its capital Longyearbyen is located in Europe (Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean). It covers some 62,046 square kilometers (slightly smaller than West Virginia) with 2,583 citizens. Norwegian and Russian are the common languages used in Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen are islands between Greenland and Norway in the Arctic Ocean. There are no public accommodations on Jan Mayen.

Impressions from the capital

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Popular Destinations in Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Administrative regions of Svalbard and Jan Mayen

About the country

The topography is rugged mountains with much of the upland areas are ice covered, west coast clear of ice about half the year as well as fjords along west and north coasts. The average density of population is about 0 per km². The climate in Svalbard and Jan Mayen can be described as arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Currentcool summers, cold winters, North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year. Potential natural disasters are ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic.

To reach someone Svalbard and Jan Mayen dial +47 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900/1800. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sj". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local . The sign for the locally used currency Krone is NOK.

The flag of Norway is used.

Flag of Svalbard and Jan Mayen

The archipelago may have been first discovered by Norse explorers in the 12th century; the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norway's sovereignty was internationally recognized by treaty in 1920, and five years later it officially took over the territory. In the 20th century coal mining started and today a Norwegian and a Russian company are still functioning. Travel between the settlements is accomplished with snowmobiles, aircraft, and boats.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 126) 62,045sq km
Land (World Rank: 124) 62,045sq km
Comparative slightly smaller than West Virginia
Note includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)
Coastline
3587
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 139) 1,717m
Map reference
Arctic Region
Environment
Issues
  • - and polar bear) severely depleted the populations
  • - but a gradual recovery seems to be occurring
  • - ice floes are a maritime hazard
  • - past exploitation of mammal species (whale
  • - seal
  • - walrus
Hazzards ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic
Location
Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway
Climate
arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year
Terrain
rugged mountains; much of the upland areas are ice covered; west coast clear of ice about half the year; fjords along west and north coasts

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 227) 2,583
Growthrate (World Rank: 193) -0.03%

Energy

Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 37) 194,300bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 54) 16,070bbl / day
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 88) 80,250bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 95) 4,488bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 120) 18,600bbl / day

Economy

Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 225) 1,590

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 223) 1.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 163) 3.00
Heliports (World Rank: 70) 1.00

Nation

Background
The archipelago may have been first discovered by Norse explorers in the 12th century; the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norway's sovereignty was internationally recognized by treaty in 1920, and five years later it officially took over the territory. In the 20th century coal mining started and today a Norwegian and a Russian company are still functioning. Travel between the settlements is accomplished with snowmobiles, aircraft, and boats.
Flag description
the flag of Norway is used

Communication

Phone
Assessment 0

Popular places in this country

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