Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2014
Size of heritage: 409 ha
- Buffer zone: 854 ha
Namhansanseong was designed as an emergency capital for the Joson dynasty (1392–1910), in a mountainous site 25 km south-east of Seoul. Built and defended by Buddhist monk-soldiers, it could accommodate 4,000 people and fulfilled important administrative and military functions. Its earliest remains date from the 7th century, but it was rebuilt several times, notably in the early 17th century in anticipation of an attack from the Sino-Manchu Qing dynasty. The city embodies a synthesis of the defensive military engineering concepts of the period, based on Chinese and Japanese influences, and changes in the art of fortification following the introduction from the West of weapons using gunpowder. A city that has always been inhabited, and which was the provincial capital over a long period, it contains evidence of a variety of military, civil and religious buildings and has become a symbol of Korean sovereignty.
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Hotels and places to stay
Lotte Hotel World
Vista Walkerhill Seoul
Courtyard Seoul Pangyo
HOTEL PARK HABIO
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Medium airport - 19 mi (31 km) Gimpo International Airport
Large airport - 22 mi (36 km) Incheon International Airport
Large airport - 40 mi (65 km) A-306 Airport
Small airport - 41 mi (66 km) Wonju Airport
Medium airport - 43 mi (69 km) Cheongju International Airport
Large airport - 56 mi (90 km) Yecheon Airport
Medium airport - 87 mi (141 km) Sokcho Airport
Small airport - 90 mi (145 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.