Saint Martin
in Caribbean
North America

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Euro - EUR
Spoken languages:
French
Local electricity:
220 V - 60 Hz (plugs: C, E)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
MF
Internet top level domain:
.gp
Country phone prefix:
+590
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Saint Martin

Saint Martin with its capital Marigot is located in North America (Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; French part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Saint Martin lies east of the US Virgin Islands). It covers some 55 square kilometers (more than one-third the size of Washington, DC) with 32,125 citizens. French is the language commonly spoken used in Saint Martin. Interesting info Sint Maarten is the only bordering country.

Saint Martin is an island split between the French collectivity of Saint-Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten (formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles, but now a constituent state of the Kingdom of the Netherlands). It is one of the smallest land masses divided between two countries. Beaches are a main attraction on the island of Saint Martin. It has 37 beaches total, with hotels holding property on most of them. Beach Bars and Cafés are very popular attractions on the island. Many offer unusually good dishes with European and Caribbean inspiration. Frozen cocktails are also a trendy treat to keep down the heat.

Impressions from the capital

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Popular Destinations in Saint Martin

Administrative regions of Saint Martin

About the country

The landscape is . The average density of population is about 591 per km². The climate in Saint Martin can be described as temperature averages 27-29 degrees Celsius all year longlow humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers, hurricane season stretches from July to November. Potential threats by nature are subject to hurricanes from July to November.

To reach someone Saint Martin dial +590 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gp". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 60 Hz (plugs: C, E). The sign for the locally used currency Euro is EUR.

The flag of France is used.

Flag of Saint Martin

Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it between themselves in 1648. Friction between the two sides caused the border to frequently fluctuate over the next two centuries, with the French eventually holding the greater portion of the island (about 57%). The cultivation of sugar cane introduced African slavery to the island in the late 18th century; the practice was not abolished until 1848. The island became a free port in 1939; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded during the 1970s and 1980s. In 2003, the populace of Saint Martin voted to secede from Guadeloupe and in 2007, the northern portion of the island became a French overseas collectivity. In 2010, the southern Dutch portion of the island became the independent nation of Sint Maarten within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 6 September 2017, Hurricane Irma passed over the island of Saint Martin causing extensive damage to roads, communications, electrical power, and housing; the UN estimated that 90% of the buildings were damaged or destroyed.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 226) 54sq km
Land (World Rank: 224) 54sq km
Comparative more than one-third the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
58.9
Landborder
16
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 197) 424m
Map reference
Central America and the Caribbean
Environment
Issues freshwater supply is dependent on desalination of sea water
Hazzards subject to hurricanes from July to November
Location
Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; French part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Saint Martin lies east of the US Virgin Islands
Climate
temperature averages 27-29 degrees Celsius all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; hurricane season stretches from July to November

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 213) 32,125
Median age
Male (World Rank: 95) 31.60
Female (World Rank: 91) 33.40
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 210) 4,192
0 14 female (World Rank: 210) 4,231
15 24 male (World Rank: 215) 1,645
15 24 female (World Rank: 215) 1,681
25 54 male (World Rank: 212) 7,160
25 54 female (World Rank: 212) 7,832
55 64 male (World Rank: 214) 1,309
55 64 female (World Rank: 215) 1,500
65 x male (World Rank: 214) 1,138
65 x female (World Rank: 213) 1,437

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 210) 561,500,000USD
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 87) 19,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 197) 1.00%
Source industry (World Rank: 176) 15.00%
Source service (World Rank: 20) 84.00%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 210) 17,300
Products
Industries
  • - heavy industry
  • - light industry
  • - manufacturing
  • - tourism
Imports
  • - crude petroleum
  • - food
  • - manufactured items

Communication

Internet
Users (World Rank: 219) 1,100
Population (World Rank: 222) 3.50%
Phone
Assessment 0

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 208) 1.00

Nation

National symbol
brown pelican
Background
Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it between themselves in 1648. Friction between the two sides caused the border to frequently fluctuate over the next two centuries, with the French eventually holding the greater portion of the island (about 57%). The cultivation of sugar cane introduced African slavery to the island in the late 18th century; the practice was not abolished until 1848. The island became a free port in 1939; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded during the 1970s and 1980s. In 2003, the populace of Saint Martin voted to secede from Guadeloupe and in 2007, the northern portion of the island became a French overseas collectivity. In 2010, the southern Dutch portion of the island became the independent nation of Sint Maarten within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 6 September 2017, Hurricane Irma passed over the island of Saint Martin causing extensive damage to roads, communications, electrical power, and housing; the UN estimated that 90% of the buildings were damaged or destroyed.
Flag description
the flag of France is used

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.