Nauru
in Micronesia
Oceania

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - AUD
Spoken languages:
Nauru, English
Local electricity:
240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G
ISO 2-Letter code:
NR
Internet top level domain:
.nr
Country phone prefix:
+674
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Nauru

Nauru with its capital Yaren is located in Oceania (Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 22 square kilometers (about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC) with 9,642 citizens. Nauru and English are the languages commonly used by the people in Nauru. This country shares no land borders with another country.

Nauru is a small island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands and is the world's smallest independent republic. The are a few sandy beaches but most of the shallow area around the island is coral reefs. Most of the interior of the island is worked-out mining land, which is to be rehabilitated. Swim in Anibore Harbour, which is the best bet for swimming, as most beaches are too shallow and rocky.

Impressions from the Nauruan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Nauru

Administrative regions of Nauru

About the country

The landscape is sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center. The average density of population is about 459 per km². The climate in Nauru can be described as tropical with a monsoonal pattern with rainy season (November to February). Potential threats by nature are periodic droughts.

To reach someone Nauru dial +674 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".nr". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is AUD.

Blue with a narrow, horizontal, gold stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; blue stands for the Pacific Ocean, the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the gold stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru; the white star color represents phosphate, the basis of the island's wealth.

Flag of Nauru

The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific region. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 234) 21sq km
Land (World Rank: 232) 21sq km
Comparative about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
30
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 226) 70m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 164) 20.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 10) 20.00%
Map reference
Oceania
Environment
Issues
  • - a century of intensive phosphate mining beginning in 1906 - mainly by a UK
  • - aging desalination plant
  • - and NZ consortium - left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
  • - Australia
  • - limited natural freshwater resources
  • - roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Whaling
Hazzards periodic droughts
Location
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Climate
tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Terrain
sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 220) 9,642
Deathrate (World Rank: 167) 0.59%
Birthrate (World Rank: 53) 2.40%
Growthrate (World Rank: 150) 0.53%
Migration rate (World Rank: 179) -1.28%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 60) 2.80%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 141) 27.00
Female (World Rank: 151) 25.70
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 220) 1,323
0 14 female (World Rank: 217) 1,705
15 24 male (World Rank: 221) 766
15 24 female (World Rank: 220) 797
25 54 male (World Rank: 219) 2,112
25 54 female (World Rank: 219) 2,073
55 64 male (World Rank: 224) 240.00
55 64 female (World Rank: 223) 375
65 x male (World Rank: 225) 96.00
65 x female (World Rank: 224) 155.00
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 154) 0.78%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 167) 67years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 162) 71years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 175) 63years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 112) 1.00
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 37) 5.00
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 144) 65.60%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 1) 61.00%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 98) 96.50%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 209) 25,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 209) 23,250,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 12) 100.00%
Source renew (World Rank: 28) 20.00%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 210) 400bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 206) 395bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 163) 5
Carbon footprint
200000

Nation

Budget
Health (World Rank: 177) 3% of GDP
National symbol
frigatebird
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Nauruan
Noun
Nauruan(s)
Background
The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific region. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.
Flag description
blue with a narrow, horizontal, gold stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; blue stands for the Pacific Ocean, the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the gold stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru; the white star color represents phosphate, the basis of the island's wealth

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 221) 151,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 4) 10.40%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 128) 11,600USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 117) 6.10%
Source industry (World Rank: 58) 33.00%
Source service (World Rank: 114) 60.80%
Products
Industries
  • - coconut products
  • - offshore banking
  • - phosphate mining
Agriculture coconuts
Exports phosphates
Imports
  • - building materials
  • - food
  • - fuel
  • - machinery
  • - manufactures

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 211) 1,900
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 121) 14.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 131) 103.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 211) 5,100
Population (World Rank: 113) 53.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 216) 1.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 218) 30.00
Paved length (World Rank: 184) 24.00
Unpaved length (World Rank: 156) 6.00

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.