Falkland Islands
in South America
South America

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Pound - FKP
Spoken languages:
English
Local electricity:
240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz
ISO 2-Letter code:
FK
Internet top level domain:
.fk
Country phone prefix:
+500
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Falkland Islands

Falkland Islands with its capital Stanley is located in South America (Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 12,174 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Connecticut) with 3,198 citizens. English is the language commonly spoken used in Falkland Islands. This country shares no land borders with another country.

The Falkland Islands consist of two main islands and several hundred smaller islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, off the east coast of southern South America. They are a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, but nearby Argentina claims jurisdiction under the name Islas Malvinas. The most popular reason to visit is for the scenic beauty and the flora and fauna. Conservation is high on the Islands' agenda. Bird and marine species are the most prevalent fauna and include five species of penguin, four species of seal, albatross, petrels, the Falkland Flightless Steamer duck (Logger Duck), other duck species, geese, hawks and falcons. The Striated Caracara (Johnny Rook) is a rare bird of prey found only on the Falkland Islands and some islands off Cape Horn. Porpoises and dolphins are often sighted with the occasional sighting of whales.

Impressions from the Falkland Island capital

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Popular Destinations in Falkland Islands

Administrative regions of Falkland Islands

About the country

Website: Falkland Islands Tourism

Stanley
Falkland Islands

Phone: +500 22215
Fax: +500 22619
Mail: manager@tourism.org.fk

The landscape is rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains. The average density of population is about 0 per km². The climate in Falkland Islands can be described as cold marinestrong westerly winds, cloudy, humid, rain occurs on more than half of days in year, average annual rainfall being 60 cm in Stanley, occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but typically does not accumulate. Potential threats by nature are strong winds persist throughout the year.

To reach someone Falkland Islands dial +500 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".fk". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G). The sign for the locally used currency Pound is FKP.

Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT.

Flag of Falkland Islands

Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed. In response to renewed calls from Argentina for Britain to relinquish control of the islands, a referendum was held in March 2013, which resulted in 99.8% of the population voting to remain a part of the UK.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 164) 12,173sq km
Land (World Rank: 161) 12,173sq km
Forest (World Rank: 2) 92.40%
Comparative slightly smaller than Connecticut
Note includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands
Coastline
1288
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 185) 705m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 3) 92.40%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 2) 92.40%
Map reference
South America
Environment
Issues
  • - overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem
  • - reindeer - introduced to the islands in 2001 from South Georgia - are part of a farming effort to produce specialty meat and diversify the islands' economy
  • - this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the 1986 Chornobyl disaster
Hazzards strong winds persist throughout the year
Location
Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about 500 km east of southern Argentina
Climate
cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 60 cm in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but typically does not accumulate
Terrain
rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 226) 3,198
Deathrate (World Rank: 194) 0.49%
Birthrate (World Rank: 179) 1.09%
Growthrate (World Rank: 188) 0.01%
Health
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 64) 78years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 81) 80years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 63) 76years

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 212) 15,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 212) 13,950,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 64) 90.00%
Source renew (World Rank: 68) 10.00%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 211) 300bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 207) 292bbl / day
Carbon footprint
45570

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 215) 281,800,000USD
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 5) 96,200USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 1) 95.00%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 224) 1,944
Products
Industries
  • - fish
  • - tourism
  • - wool processing
Agriculture
  • - dairy products
  • - fish
  • - fodder
  • - sheep
  • - squid
  • - vegetable crops
  • - venison
Exports
  • - fish
  • - hides
  • - meat
  • - squid
  • - venison
  • - wool
Imports
  • - building materials
  • - clothing
  • - drink
  • - food
  • - fuel

Nation

Budget
Surplus (World Rank: 150) -5% of GDP
National symbol
ram
Adjective
Falkland Island
Noun
Falkland Islander(s)
Background
Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed. In response to renewed calls from Argentina for Britain to relinquish control of the islands, a referendum was held in March 2013, which resulted in 99.8% of the population voting to remain a part of the UK.
Flag description
blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 208) 2,255
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 3) 77.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 11) 171.00
Internet
Users (World Rank: 216) 3,000
Population (World Rank: 3) 98.30%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 183) 2.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 149) 5.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 198) 440
Paved length (World Rank: 179) 50.00
Unpaved length (World Rank: 136) 390