Christmas Island
in
Asia

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - AUD
Spoken languages:
English, Chinese, Malay
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz
ISO 2-Letter code:
CX
Internet top level domain:
.cx
Country phone prefix:
+61
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Christmas Island

Christmas Island with its capital is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean). It covers some 136 square kilometers (about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC) with 2,205 citizens. English, Chinese and Malay are the common languages used in Christmas Island (consider regional differences). Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Christmas Island is one of the islands of the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia. Christmas Island rises to a central plateau of stands of rainforest. Its 80km coastline is an almost continuous sea cliff up to 20 metres high, with a few shallow bays of small sand and coral shingle beaches. The largest of these forms the island's only port, Flying Fish Cove. As a territory of Australia, English is the most common language spoken on Christmas Island, but is not universal. Many older residents speak dialects of Chinese and Malay as a first language. As Christmas Island is duty free, alcohol is usually lower priced than the Australian mainland. The island is safe all times of the day in the populated areas, locals usually leave their houses and car unlocked. There are no poisonous or dangerous animals/insects on the island. It's good manners to wave back if waved by locals when driving. Cocos Islands is the closest land to Christmas Island and there are weekly connecting flights which take about 1 hour. View the spectacular world famous Christmas Island Red Crab Migration during the December - February months. Walk, ride, or hire of cars/4WD/SUV. You can hike around the settled areas of island, as most locals are happy to give a ride to visitors.

Impressions from the Christmas Island capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Christmas Island

Administrative regions of Christmas Island

About the country

The topography is steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau. The average density of population is about 16 per km². The climate in Christmas Island can be described as tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season with heat and humidity moderated by trade winds. Potential natural disasters are the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard.

To reach someone Christmas Island dial +61 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".cx". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is AUD.

Territorial flag; divided diagonally from upper hoist to lower fly; the upper triangle is green with a yellow image of the Golden Bosun Bird superimposed; the lower triangle is blue with the Southern Cross constellation, representing Australia, superimposed; a centered yellow disk displays a green map of the island.

Flag of Christmas Island

Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888 with the discovery of the island's phosphate deposits. Following the Second World War, Christmas Island came under the jurisdiction of the new British Colony of Singapore. The island existed as a separate Crown colony from 1 January 1958 to 1 October 1958 when its transfer to Australian jurisdiction was finalized. That date is still celebrated on the first Monday in October as Territory Day. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 219) 135sq km
Land (World Rank: 216) 135sq km
Comparative about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
138.9
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 200) 361m
Map reference
Southeast Asia
Environment
Issues
  • - impact of phosphate mining
  • - loss of rainforest
Hazzards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Location
Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
Climate
tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
Terrain
steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 228) 2,205
Growthrate (World Rank: 103) 1.11%
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 226) 147.00
0 14 female (World Rank: 226) 135.00
15 24 male (World Rank: 226) 202.00
15 24 female (World Rank: 226) 67.00
25 54 male (World Rank: 226) 955
25 54 female (World Rank: 226) 322
55 64 male (World Rank: 226) 172.00
55 64 female (World Rank: 226) 85.00
65 x male (World Rank: 226) 84.00
65 x female (World Rank: 226) 36.00

Communication

Internet
Users (World Rank: 222) 790
Population (World Rank: 144) 35.80%
Phone
Assessment 0

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 220) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 134) 18.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 212) 140.00
Paved length (World Rank: 182) 30.00
Unpaved length (World Rank: 145) 110.00

Nation

National symbol
golden bosun bird
Adjective
Christmas Island
Noun
Christmas Islander(s)
Background
Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888 with the discovery of the island's phosphate deposits. Following the Second World War, Christmas Island came under the jurisdiction of the new British Colony of Singapore. The island existed as a separate Crown colony from 1 January 1958 to 1 October 1958 when its transfer to Australian jurisdiction was finalized. That date is still celebrated on the first Monday in October as Territory Day. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.
Flag description
territorial flag; divided diagonally from upper hoist to lower fly; the upper triangle is green with a yellow image of the Golden Bosun Bird superimposed; the lower triangle is blue with the Southern Cross constellation, representing Australia, superimposed; a centered yellow disk displays a green map of the island

Economy

Products
Industries
  • - phosphate extraction
  • - tourism
Agriculture NA
Exports phosphate
Imports consumer goods

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.