Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 2005
Size of heritage: 573 ha
- Buffer zone: 12,055 ha
Humberstone and Santa Laura works contain over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture. That culture is manifest in their rich language, creativity, and solidarity, and, above all, in their pioneering struggle for social justice, which had a profound impact on social history. Situated in the remote Pampas, one of the driest deserts on Earth, thousands of pampinos lived and worked in this hostile environment for over 60 years, from 1880, to process the largest deposit of saltpeter in the world, producing the fertilizer sodium nitrate that was to transform agricultural lands in North and South America, and in Europe, and produce great wealth for Chile. Because of the vulnerability of the structures and the impact of a recent earthquake, the site was also placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger to help mobilize resources for its conservation.
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Pictures from around the area
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Small airport - 99 mi (160 km) Diego Aracena Airport
Medium airport - 138 mi (223 km) Juan Mendoza Airport
Medium airport - 147 mi (236 km) Capitan Nicolas Rojas Airport
Medium airport - 162 mi (262 km) Chacalluta Airport
Medium airport - 171 mi (276 km) Coronel FAP Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport
Medium airport - 181 mi (292 km) Barriles Airport
Medium airport - 202 mi (325 km) Jorge Wilsterman International Airport
Medium airport - 211 mi (340 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Cruz de Machacamarca
- Sama Grande
- Santa Catalina
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.