Aruba
in Caribbean
North America

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Guilder - AWG
Spoken languages:
Dutch, Spanish, English
Local electricity:
120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
AW
Internet top level domain:
.aw
Country phone prefix:
+297
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Aruba

Aruba with its capital Oranjestad is located in North America (Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 181 square kilometers (slightly larger than Washington, DC) with 115,120 citizens. Dutch, Spanish and English are the common languages used in Aruba (consider regional differences). Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Aruba is a Caribbean island 15 miles north of the coast of Venezuela. The island is an autonomous dependency of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This flat, riverless island is renowned for its white sand beaches. Its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean. The temperature is almost constant at about 27°C (81°F). The southwest has the white sand beaches, turquoise seas, and warm waters. The northeast coast, exposed to the Atlantic, has a few white sand beaches, rough seas with treacherous currents, and a rocky coastline. The running water in Aruba is absolutely safe to drink; the island's desalination plant is the second largest in the world. Aruba is generally a very safe place at any time of day or night.

Impressions from the Aruban capital

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Popular Destinations in Aruba

Administrative regions of Aruba

About the country

The topography is flat with a few hills with scant vegetation. The average density of population is about 640 per km². The climate in Aruba can be described as tropical marine with little seasonal temperature variation. Potential natural disasters are hurricanes lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened

To reach someone Aruba dial +297 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".aw". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B, F). The sign for the locally used currency Guilder is AWG.

Blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner; the star represents Aruba and its red soil and white beaches, its four points the four major languages (Papiamento, Dutch, Spanish, English) as well as the four points of a compass, to indicate that its inhabitants come from all over the world; the blue symbolizes Caribbean waters and skies; the stripes represent the island's two main "industries": the flow of tourists to the sun-drenched beaches and the flow of minerals from the earth.

Flag of Aruba

Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 215) 180sq km
Land (World Rank: 212) 180sq km
Comparative slightly larger than Washington, DC
Coastline
68.5
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 213) 188m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 190) 11.10%
Arable (World Rank: 102) 11.10%
Map reference
Central America and the Caribbean
Environment
Issues difficulty in properly disposing of waste produced by large numbers of tourists
Hazzards
  • - hurricanes
  • - lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened
Location
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Climate
tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 187) 115,120
Deathrate (World Rank: 80) 0.84%
Birthrate (World Rank: 156) 1.24%
Growthrate (World Rank: 88) 1.27%
Migration rate (World Rank: 12) 0.87%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 145) 1.83%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 53) 37.50
Female (World Rank: 51) 41.10
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 195) 10,189
0 14 female (World Rank: 195) 10,115
15 24 male (World Rank: 193) 7,405
15 24 female (World Rank: 193) 7,307
25 54 male (World Rank: 188) 23,117
25 54 female (World Rank: 187) 24,906
55 64 male (World Rank: 183) 7,664
55 64 female (World Rank: 183) 8,773
65 x male (World Rank: 188) 6,132
65 x female (World Rank: 182) 9,512
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 128) 1.07%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 79) 77years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 76) 80years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 81) 74years
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 49) 97.70%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 79) 98.10%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 151) 959,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 157) 891,900,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 70) 87.20%
Source renew (World Rank: 56) 12.80%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 160) 7,500bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 147) 7,661bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 100) 1
Consumption (World Rank: 176) 1
Export (World Rank: 56) 1
Import (World Rank: 55) 0
Carbon footprint
900000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 32) 6% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 132) -4% of GDP
National symbol
Hooiberg Hill
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Aruban; Dutch
Noun
Aruban(s)
Background
Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
Flag description
blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner; the star represents Aruba and its red soil and white beaches, its four points the four major languages (Papiamento, Dutch, Spanish, English) as well as the four points of a compass, to indicate that its inhabitants come from all over the world; the blue symbolizes Caribbean waters and skies; the stripes represent the island's two main "industries": the flow of tourists to the sun-drenched beaches and the flow of minerals from the earth

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 189) 2,516,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 117) 2.40%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 74) 25,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 210) 0.40%
Source industry (World Rank: 55) 33.30%
Source service (World Rank: 82) 66.30%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 189) 51,610
Products
Industries
  • - banking
  • - petroleum transshipment facilities
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - aloes
  • - fish
  • - livestock
Exports
  • - animal products
  • - art
  • - collectibles
  • - electrical equipment
  • - live animals
  • - machinery
  • - transport equipment
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - electrical equipment
  • - foodstuffs
  • - machinery
  • - reexport
  • - refined oil for bunkering

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 163) 35,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 62) 31.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 63) 126.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 174) 106,309
Population (World Rank: 17) 93.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 200) 1.00

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.