Andorra
in Southern Europe
Europe

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Euro - EUR
Spoken languages:
Catalan
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
AD
Internet top level domain:
.ad
Country phone prefix:
+376
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Andorra

Andorra with its capital Andorra la Vella is located in Europe (Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains). It covers some 469 square kilometers (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 76,965 citizens. Catalan is the language commonly spoken used by the people in Andorra. Interesting info is sharing borders with France and Spain.

Andorra is a small, mountainous country in the Pyrenees mountains in Europe, and is on the Iberian Peninsula, on the border between France and Spain, in Southern Europe. Andorra is arguably a city-state and has no distinct cities as such. Imagine a steep gorge in the mountains and now cram into it a whole capital city complete with roads, restaurants, souvenir shops, services, hotels and transport system, and you have Andorra La Vella. Long isolated and impoverished, Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.

Popular Destinations in Andorra

Administrative regions of Andorra

About the country

Official logo of Andorra tourism

Website: Andorra Tourism

Ministry of Tourism and Culture
Carrer Prat de la Creu, 62-64
Andorra la Vella
Principality of Andorra
Andorra

Phone: +376 875702
Fax: +376 860184
Mail: turisme@andorra.ad

The landscape is rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys. The average density of population is about 164 per km². The climate in Andorra can be described as temperate with snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers. Potential threats by nature are avalanches.

To reach someone Andorra dial +376 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ad". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Euro is EUR.

Three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red, with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the latter band is slightly wider than the other 2 so that the ratio of band widths is 8:9:8; the coat of arms features a quartered shield with the emblems of (starting in the upper left and proceeding clockwise): Urgell, Foix, Bearn, and Catalonia; the motto reads VIRTUS UNITA FORTIOR (Strength United is Stronger); the flag combines the blue and red French colors with the red and yellow of Spain to show Franco-Spanish protection.

Flag of Andorra

The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique coprincipality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern, constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately 8 million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes. As part of its effort to modernize its economy, Andorra has opened to foreign investment, and engaged in other reforms, such as advancing tax initiatives aimed at supporting a broader infrastructure. Although not a member of the EU, Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the organization and uses the euro as its national currency.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 196) 468sq km
Land (World Rank: 193) 468sq km
Forest (World Rank: 41) 37.90%
Comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Landborder
118
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 3) 840m
Highest point (World Rank: 73) 2,946m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 91) 43.40%
Arable (World Rank: 148) 5.50%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 41) 37.90%
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution
  • - deforestation
  • - overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion
  • - wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Desertification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
Hazzards avalanches
Location
Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains, on the border between France and Spain
Climate
temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
Terrain
rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 198) 76,965
Deathrate (World Rank: 122) 0.73%
Birthrate (World Rank: 221) 0.75%
Growthrate (World Rank: 187) 0.03%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 209) 1.40%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 7) 44.40
Female (World Rank: 25) 44.10
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 202) 6,340
0 14 female (World Rank: 202) 6,003
15 24 male (World Rank: 204) 4,289
15 24 female (World Rank: 204) 3,976
25 54 male (World Rank: 193) 20,233
25 54 female (World Rank: 196) 19,348
55 64 male (World Rank: 188) 6,458
55 64 female (World Rank: 192) 5,677
65 x male (World Rank: 185) 6,788
65 x female (World Rank: 190) 6,590
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 196) 0.36%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 8) 83years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 11) 85years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 8) 81years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 22) 3.69
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 88) 2.50
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 16) 100.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 50) 25.60%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 14) 100.00%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 195) 99,480,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 186) 221,600,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 94) 6,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 81) 471,300,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 127) 61.30%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 78) 23.30%

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 133) 3% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 53) 8% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 176) -7% of GDP
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Andorran
Noun
Andorran(s)
Background
The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique coprincipality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern, constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately 8 million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes. As part of its effort to modernize its economy, Andorra has opened to foreign investment, and engaged in other reforms, such as advancing tax initiatives aimed at supporting a broader infrastructure. Although not a member of the EU, Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the organization and uses the euro as its national currency.
Flag description
three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red, with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the latter band is slightly wider than the other 2 so that the ratio of band widths is 8:9:8; the coat of arms features a quartered shield with the emblems of (starting in the upper left and proceeding clockwise): Urgell, Foix, Bearn, and Catalonia; the motto reads VIRTUS UNITA FORTIOR (Strength United is Stronger); the flag combines the blue and red French colors with the red and yellow of Spain to show Franco-Spanish protection

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 184) 3,327,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 194) -1.10%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 24) 49,900USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 80) 11.90%
Source industry (World Rank: 53) 33.60%
Source service (World Rank: 154) 54.50%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 193) 39,750
Products
Industries
  • - banking
  • - furniture
  • - timber
  • - tourism particularly skiing
Agriculture
  • - barley
  • - cattle
  • - oats
  • - rye
  • - sheep
  • - tobacco
  • - vegetables
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - furniture
  • - tobacco products
Imports
  • - consumer goods
  • - electricity
  • - food
  • - fuel

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 159) 38,694
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 27) 45.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 160) 83.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 176) 83,887
Population (World Rank: 8) 97.90%

Transport

Road
Total length (World Rank: 205) 320