Explore Peru in South America

Peru
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Peru with its capital Lima is located in South America (Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 1,285,221 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Alaska) with 29,041,000 citizens. Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are the official languages spoken in Peru (consider regional differences). Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia are bordering countries.

Peru is a country in South America, situated on the western side of that continent, facing the South Pacific Ocean and straddling part of the Andes mountain range that runs the length of South America. The main attractions are their archaeological patrimony of pre-Columbian cultures and the center of Inca's Empire, their gastronomy, their colonial architecture (has imposing colonial constructions) and their natural resources (a paradise for the ecological tourism). Peruvians do not hesitate to greet you with ¡Hola, gringo!.

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Pictures from the Peruvian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Lima is like. We have selected more pictures from Lima on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Peru Tourism

Edificio MITINCI piso 13
Calle Uno oeste No. 50
Urb. Corpac
Lima 27
Peru

Phone: +51 1 224 3279
Phone: +51 1 224 3323

The landscape features western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva). The average density of population is about 23 per km². The climate in Peru can be described as varying from tropical in east to dry desert in west with temperate to frigid in Andes. Potential threats by nature are earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity.

To reach someone in Peru dial +51 prior to a number. There are 2,965,000 installed telephones. And there are 24,700,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".pe". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 220V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Peruvian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Peru

Three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace.

National administrative regions of Peru

Historical background information

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president''s increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru''s first democratically elected president of indigenous Quechuan ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president, defeating Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi, the daughter of Alberto FUJIMORI. Since his election, HUMALA has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceding administrations.

Learn more on our Peruvian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.