Discover Jamaica in North America

Jamaica with its capital Kingston is located in North America (Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 10,992 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Connecticut) with 2,801,000 citizens. English is the language commonly used by the people in Jamaica.This country shares no land borders with another country.

Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean, located to the south of Cuba and to the west of the island of Hispaniola. The climate in Jamaica is tropical, with hot and humid weather, although higher inland regions are more temperate. Some regions on the south coast are relatively dry rain-shadow areas. Jamaica lies in the hurricane belt of the Atlantic Ocean; as a result, the island sometimes experiences significant storm damage. Visit Nine Mile where Bob Marley was born and now buried. The journey up into the mountains lets you experience the heart of the country.

Pictures from the Jamaican capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Kingston is like. We have selected more pictures from Kingston on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Jamaica Tourism

The landscape features mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. The average density of population is about 255 per km². The climate in Jamaica can be described as tropical with hot, humid, temperate interior. Potential threats by nature are hurricanes (especially July to November).

To reach someone in Jamaica dial +1-876 prior to a number. There are 302,300 installed telephones. And there are 2,971,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".jm". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 110V - 50Hz.

Description of the flag of Jamaica

Diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and outer side); green represents hope, vegetation, and agriculture, black reflects hardships overcome and to be faced, and yellow recalls golden sunshine and the island's natural resources.

National administrative regions of Jamaica

Historical background information

The island - discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 - was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century. The native Taino, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves. England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee. The abolition of slavery in 1834 freed a quarter million slaves, many of whom became small farmers. Jamaica gradually increased its independence from Britain. In 1958 it joined other British Caribbean colonies in forming the Federation of the West Indies. Jamaica gained full independence when it withdrew from the Federation in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence as rival gangs affiliated with the major political parties evolved into powerful organized crime networks involved in international drug smuggling and money laundering. Violent crime, drug trafficking, and poverty pose significant challenges to the government today. Nonetheless, many rural and resort areas remain relatively safe and contribute substantially to the economy.

Demographic Information

Jamaica has 164 citizens over the age of 100 years. Women make up for 127 of this count (which is 77%). 275,576 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 10% of the total population). 19.5 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Jamaican Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Jamaica

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Kingston
Size 10,991 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 4,244 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Connecticut
Population 2,801,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: JMD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .jm
Telephone Country Prefix +1-876
Mobile Phone Connections 2,971,000
Landline Phone Connections 302,300
Military Spendings 0.6% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 10,991 (sq km) 168

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 2,909,714 139
Population growth rate 0.70 (%) 141
Birth rate 18.65 (births/1,000 population) 102
Death rate 6.63 (deaths/1,000 population) 146
Net migration rate -4.99 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 190
Maternal mortality rate 110.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 67
Infant mortality rate 13.98 (deaths/1,000 live births) 119
Life expectancy at birth 73.44 (years) 122
Total fertility rate 2.09 (children born/woman) 114
Health expenditures 4.80 (% of GDP) 148
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.70 (%) 33
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 32,000 68
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,200 64
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.10 (%) 67
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 1.90 (%) 118
Education expenditures 6.40 (% of GDP) 31
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 30.1 (%) 24


Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 25,620,000,000 122
GDP - real growth rate 0.10 (%) 177
GDP - per capita (PPP) 9,300 123
Labor force 1,325,000 134
Unemployment rate 14.20 (%) 140
Distribution of family income - Gini index 46 38
Investment (gross fixed) 19.50 (% of GDP) 106
Taxes and other revenues 25.1 (% of GDP) 123
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.10 (% of GDP) 175
Public debt 127.30 (% of GDP) 7
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.80 (%) 175
Commercial bank prime lending rate 19.51 (%) 17
Stock of narrow money 2,028,000,000 125
Stock of broad money 7,309,000,000 116
Stock of domestic credit 7,229,000,000 109
Market value of publicly traded shares 6,626,000,000 79
Industrial production growth rate -2.00 (%) 155
Current account balance -1,523,000,000 129
Exports 1,718,000,000 146
Imports 6,019,000,000 121
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,900,000,000 124
Debt - external 14,600,000,000 87


Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 5,208,000,000 (kWh) 118
Electricity - consumption 4,801,000,000 (kWh) 114
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1198000 (kW) 119
Electricity - from fossil fuels 93.5 (% of total installed capacity) 71
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 1.8 (% of total installed capacity) 138
Electricity - from other renewable sources 4.7 (% of total installed capacity) 40
Crude oil - imports 23,780 (bbl/day) 69
Refined petroleum products - production 22,790 (bbl/day) 95
Refined petroleum products - consumption 78,520 (bbl/day) 89
Refined petroleum products - exports 9,145 (bbl/day) 87
Refined petroleum products - imports 68,410 (bbl/day) 58
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 9,217,000 (Mt) 103


Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 272,100 123
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,975,000 128
Internet hosts 3,906 149
Internet users 1,581,000 80


Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 27 125
Roadways 22,121 (km) 103
Merchant marine 14 102


Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 144

Based on the content from The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.