Explore Jamaica in North America

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Jamaica with its capital Kingston is located in North America (Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 10,992 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Connecticut) with 2,801,000 citizens. English is the language commonly used by the people in Jamaica.

Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean, located to the south of Cuba and to the west of the island of Hispaniola. The climate in Jamaica is tropical, with hot and humid weather, although higher inland regions are more temperate. Some regions on the south coast are relatively dry rain-shadow areas. Jamaica lies in the hurricane belt of the Atlantic Ocean; as a result, the island sometimes experiences significant storm damage. Visit Nine Mile where Bob Marley was born and now buried. The journey up into the mountains lets you experience the heart of the country.


Pictures from the Jamaican capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Kingston is like. We have selected more pictures from Kingston on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Jamaica Tourism

The landscape features mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. The average density of population is about 255 per km². The climate in Jamaica can be described as tropical with hot, humid, temperate interior. Potential threats by nature are hurricanes (especially July to November).

To reach someone in Jamaica dial +1-876 prior to a number. There are 302,300 installed telephones. And there are 2,971,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900, 1800, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".jm". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 110V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Jamaican Facts page.

Description of the flag of Jamaica

Diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and outer side); green represents hope, vegetation, and agriculture, black reflects hardships overcome and to be faced, and yellow recalls golden sunshine and the island's natural resources.

National administrative regions of Jamaica

Historical background information

The island - discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 - was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century. The native Taino, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves. England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee. The abolition of slavery in 1834 freed a quarter million slaves, many of whom became small farmers. Jamaica gradually increased its independence from Britain. In 1958 it joined other British Caribbean colonies in forming the Federation of the West Indies. Jamaica gained full independence when it withdrew from the Federation in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence as rival gangs affiliated with the major political parties evolved into powerful organized crime networks involved in international drug smuggling and money laundering. Violent crime, drug trafficking, and poverty pose significant challenges to the government today. Nonetheless, many rural and resort areas remain relatively safe and contribute substantially to the economy.

Learn more on our Jamaican Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.