The Greater Blue Mountains Area consists of 1.03 million ha of sandstone plateaux, escarpments and gorges dominated by temperate eucalypt forest. The site, comprised of eight protected areas, is noted for its representation of the evolutionary adaptation and diversification of the eucalypts in post-Gondwana isolation on the Australian continent. Ninety-one eucalypt taxa occur within the Greater Blue Mountains Area which is also outstanding for its exceptional expression of the structural and ecological diversity of the eucalypts associated with its wide range of habitats. The site provides significant representation of Australia's biodiversity with ten percent of the vascular flora as well as significant numbers of rare or threatened species, including endemic and evolutionary relict species, such as the Wollemi pine, which have persisted in highly-restricted microsites.

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Greater Blue Mountains Area

The Greater Blue Mountains Area is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Australia. It is situated approximately at coordinates S33 42 0 E150 0 0. Spanning over one million hectares, the area is renowned for its exceptional natural beauty, diverse ecosystems, and rich cultural heritage. The site is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from around the world.


The history of the Greater Blue Mountains Area dates back thousands of years. The area has been home to Aboriginal people for over 22,000 years, and their cultural and spiritual connections to the land are deeply rooted. The Gundungurra and Darug Aboriginal communities have a strong presence in the region and continue to maintain their cultural practices and traditions.

European exploration of the area began in the late 18th century when British settlers arrived in Australia. The Blue Mountains, named for the blue haze created by the eucalyptus trees, presented a significant barrier to early explorers due to its rugged terrain. However, the construction of the Great Western Highway in the early 19th century opened up the region for further development and tourism.

Current State

The Greater Blue Mountains Area is a protected site, managed by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. It is recognized for its outstanding universal value, both in terms of its natural and cultural significance. The area is home to over 90 species of eucalyptus trees, making it one of the most diverse eucalyptus forest ecosystems in the world.

The site is also home to a wide range of flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species. It provides habitat for iconic Australian animals such as the koala, kangaroo, and platypus. The area's unique geology, with its sandstone plateaus, cliffs, and canyons, adds to its scenic beauty.

The Greater Blue Mountains Area offers numerous recreational activities for visitors. There are extensive walking tracks and hiking trails that allow visitors to explore the stunning landscapes and discover hidden waterfalls and breathtaking viewpoints. The area is also popular for rock climbing, abseiling, and canyoning.

Preserving the cultural heritage of the Aboriginal communities is a key focus of the management of the Greater Blue Mountains Area. The site contains numerous Aboriginal rock art sites, engravings, and other cultural artifacts. These sites are of great significance to the local Aboriginal communities and provide valuable insights into their history and way of life.

Efforts are being made to ensure sustainable tourism practices within the area. Visitors are encouraged to follow designated trails, respect the cultural heritage sites, and minimize their impact on the environment. The Greater Blue Mountains Area continues to be a cherished natural and cultural treasure, offering visitors a unique and unforgettable experience.