Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1987
Size of heritage: 87,940 ha
This site contains two of the most active volcanoes in the world, Mauna Loa (4,170 m high) and Kilauea (1,250 m high), both of which tower over the Pacific Ocean. Volcanic eruptions have created a constantly changing landscape, and the lava flows reveal surprising geological formations. Rare birds and endemic species can be found there, as well as forests of giant ferns.
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Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site located on the Big Island of Hawaii, United States. This remarkable park is home to two of the world's most active volcanoes, Kilauea and Mauna Loa. With its unique geological features, diverse ecosystems, and rich cultural significance, the park attracts millions of visitors each year.
The history of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park dates back to 1916 when it was established as Hawaii National Park. At that time, it included not only the volcanoes but also the summit of Mauna Loa. In 1961, the park was divided, and the summit of Mauna Loa became a separate entity, leaving behind the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park we know today.
The park holds great cultural significance for the native Hawaiian people. The volcanoes, Kilauea and Mauna Loa, are considered sacred by the Hawaiians, and their eruptions and lava flows have shaped the landscape and influenced the island's culture for centuries. The park's cultural sites, such as petroglyphs and ancient trails, provide a glimpse into the rich history and traditions of the Hawaiian people.
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is a captivating destination for nature enthusiasts and those interested in geology. The park offers a range of activities and attractions that showcase the unique volcanic landscapes and diverse ecosystems.
One of the main highlights of the park is the Kilauea volcano, which has been continuously erupting since 1983. Visitors can witness the mesmerizing sight of lava flowing into the ocean, creating new land and expanding the island's coastline. The park provides various viewpoints and hiking trails that allow visitors to observe these volcanic activities safely.
The park also boasts an extensive network of hiking trails, ranging from easy walks to challenging treks. These trails lead visitors through lush rainforests, across barren lava fields, and to stunning viewpoints. Popular hikes include the Kilauea Iki Trail, which takes you through a crater, and the Pu'u Loa Petroglyphs Trail, where you can see ancient rock carvings.
Furthermore, the park offers educational programs and exhibits that delve into the geology, biology, and cultural history of the area. The Jaggar Museum provides insights into volcanic activity, while the Hawaiian Cultural & Arts Program showcases the traditions and customs of the native Hawaiian people.
However, it is important to note that the park's current state is subject to change due to the dynamic nature of the volcanoes. Eruptions and volcanic activity can lead to temporary closures or altered access to certain areas of the park. It is advisable to check the park's official website or consult with park rangers for the latest updates before planning a visit.
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, geological wonders, and cultural significance. With its active volcanoes, diverse ecosystems, and educational opportunities, the park provides an unforgettable experience for visitors from around the world. Whether you are a nature lover, a geology enthusiast, or someone seeking to connect with Hawaiian culture, this park is a must-visit destination.
Hotels and places to stay
Videos from the area
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Medium airport - 25 mi (40 km) Waimea Kohala Airport
Medium airport - 66 mi (107 km) Kona International At Keahole Airport
Medium airport - 80 mi (129 km) Upolu Airport
Medium airport - 87 mi (141 km) Hana Airport
Medium airport - 121 mi (196 km) Kahului Airport
Medium airport - 144 mi (233 km) Kapalua Airport
Medium airport - 159 mi (256 km) Lanai Airport
Medium airport - 165 mi (266 km) Honolulu International Airport
Large airport - 238 mi (383 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:Less relevant cities
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.