Tuvalu
in Polynesia
Oceania

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - AUD
Spoken languages:
English, Samoan
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz
ISO 2-Letter code:
TV
Internet top level domain:
.tv
Country phone prefix:
+688
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Tuvalu

Tuvalu with its capital is located in Oceania (Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 27 square kilometers (0.1 times the size of Washington, DC) with a population of 11,052. English and Samoan are the languages spoken by people in Tuvalu. There are no land based border this country shares with any other country.

Tuvalu is a group of low-lying islands and atolls in the South Pacific that form the fourth smallest country in the world. The climate is tropical. Easterly trade winds moderate the weather from March to November, while westerly gales bring heavy rain from November to March. Tuvalu is not a destination for those in search of spectacular sightseeing opportunities. The island nation is not only small, it also lacks any city-like destination or architectural heritage. There are no hills or mountain ranges, no rivers or gorges. And yet, it is a delightful pacific destination, where your time is well spent in the shade of a palm trees on one of the pretty beaches.

Impressions from the Tuvaluan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Tuvalu

Administrative regions of Tuvalu

About the country

The terrain is low-lying and narrow coral atolls. The average density of population is about 425 per km². The climate in Tuvalu can be described as tropicalmoderated by easterly trade winds (March to November), westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March). Possible natural disasters include low levels of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level severe tropical storms are usually rare, but in 1997 there were three cyclones

To reach someone Tuvalu dial +688 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".tv". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: I). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is AUD.

Light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country with nine yellow, five-pointed stars on a blue field symbolizing the nine atolls in the ocean.

Flag of Tuvalu

In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period. The agreement was subsequently renegotiated but details were not disclosed.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 232) 26sq km
Land (World Rank: 230) 26sq km
Comparative 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
24
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 234) 5m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 44) 60.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 2) 60.00%
Map reference
Oceania
Environment
Issues
  • - damage to coral reefs from increasing ocean temperatures and acidification
  • - excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel
  • - in 2000
  • - rising sea levels threaten water table
  • - the government appealed to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary
  • - the use of sand as a building material has led to beachhead erosion
  • - water needs met by catchment systems
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Whaling
Hazzards
  • - low levels of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level
  • - severe tropical storms are usually rare, but in 1997 there were three cyclones
Location
Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way from Hawaii to Australia
Climate
tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)
Terrain
low-lying and narrow coral atolls

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 219) 11,052
Deathrate (World Rank: 78) 0.85%
Birthrate (World Rank: 61) 2.37%
Growthrate (World Rank: 125) 0.85%
Migration rate (World Rank: 167) -0.67%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 57) 2.95%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 151) 24.70
Female (World Rank: 144) 26.90
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 219) 1,659
0 14 female (World Rank: 220) 1,578
15 24 male (World Rank: 219) 1,106
15 24 female (World Rank: 219) 1,023
25 54 male (World Rank: 220) 2,036
25 54 female (World Rank: 220) 2,016
55 64 male (World Rank: 222) 396
55 64 female (World Rank: 219) 573
65 x male (World Rank: 223) 263
65 x female (World Rank: 223) 402
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 66) 2.90%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 170) 67years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 170) 69years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 169) 65years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 103) 1.22
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 114) 83.30%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 4) 51.60%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 88) 97.70%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 213) 11,800,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 55) 96.00%
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 171) 2

Nation

Budget
Health (World Rank: 3) 17% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 1) 30% of GDP
National symbol
maneapa
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Tuvaluan
Noun
Tuvaluan(s)
Background
In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period. The agreement was subsequently renegotiated but details were not disclosed.
Flag description
light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country with nine yellow, five-pointed stars on a blue field symbolizing the nine atolls in the ocean

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 224) 40,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 100) 3.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 181) 3,600USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 34) 24.50%
Source industry (World Rank: 216) 5.60%
Source service (World Rank: 65) 70.00%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 220) 3,615
In poverty (World Rank: 74) 26.30%
Products
Industries fishing
Agriculture
  • - coconuts
  • - fish
Exports
  • - copra
  • - fish
Imports
  • - animals
  • - food
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - mineral fuels

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 209) 2,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 100) 18.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 180) 69.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 212) 5,042
Population (World Rank: 129) 46.00%

Transport

Air
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 187) 1.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 221) 8.00
Paved length (World Rank: 187) 8.00