Monaco
in Western Europe
Europe

National active POI
Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Euro - EUR
Spoken languages:
French, English, Italian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
MC
Internet top level domain:
.mc
Country phone prefix:
+377
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Monaco

Monaco with its capital is located in Europe (Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France). It covers some 3 square kilometers (about three times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC) with a population of 30,645. French, English and Italian are some of the languages spoken by the majority in Monaco (consider regional differences). Did you know that France is the only bordering country.

Monaco lies in between the Alps and the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by the French Riviera to the west and the Italian Riviera to the east. This is the second smallest independent state in the world (after the Vatican) and is almost entirely urban. Monte Carlo is not the capital of Monaco but a government district. The principality of Monaco offers a great balance of historical and modern attractions. There are various museums and palaces to visit as well as shopping malls and casinos. Monaco also offers relaxation spots along the harbor and even around the attractions. It is relatively easy to navigate Monte Carlo and Monaco if you take the time to learn where the various short cuts are. City maps are generally available at most news vendor stands and shops for a small fee.

Popular Destinations in Monaco

Administrative regions of Monaco

About the country

Website: Monaco Tourism

2a, Boulevard des Moulins
Monte-Carlo 98030
Monaco

Phone: +377 92 16 61 16
Fax: +377 92 16 60 00
Mail: dtc@monaco-tourisme.com

The terrain is hilly, rugged, rocky. The average density of population is about 15,323 per km². The climate in Monaco can be described as Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.

To reach someone Monaco dial +377 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mc". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E, F). The sign for the locally used currency Euro is EUR.

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors are those of the ruling House of Grimaldi and have been in use since 1339, making the flag one of the world's oldest national banners.

Flag of Monaco

The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling GRIMALDI family first seized temporary control in 1297, and again in 1331, but was not able to permanently secure its holding until 1419. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 238) 2sq km
Land (World Rank: 236) 2sq km
Comparative about three times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
Coastline
4.1
Landborder
6
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 217) 162m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 221) 1.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 121) 1.00%
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - actively monitors pollution levels in air and water
  • - NA no serious issues
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Location
Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
Climate
Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
Terrain
hilly, rugged, rocky

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 214) 30,645
Deathrate (World Rank: 44) 0.98%
Birthrate (World Rank: 223) 0.66%
Growthrate (World Rank: 177) 0.24%
Migration rate (World Rank: 17) 0.57%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 189) 1.53%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 1) 51.70
Female (World Rank: 1) 54.50
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 218) 1,685
0 14 female (World Rank: 219) 1,587
15 24 male (World Rank: 216) 1,464
15 24 female (World Rank: 216) 1,376
25 54 male (World Rank: 216) 5,067
25 54 female (World Rank: 215) 5,018
55 64 male (World Rank: 208) 2,286
55 64 female (World Rank: 208) 2,292
65 x male (World Rank: 195) 4,387
65 x female (World Rank: 194) 5,483
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 221) 0.18%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 1) 89years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 1) 94years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 1) 86years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 3) 6.65
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 1) 13.80
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 12) 100.00%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 2) 100.00%

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 172) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 160) 4% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 62) -1% of GDP
National symbol
red and white lozenges
National colours
white
Adjective
Monegasque or Monacan
Noun
Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)
Background
The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling GRIMALDI family first seized temporary control in 1297, and again in 1331, but was not able to permanently secure its holding until 1419. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.
Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors are those of the ruling House of Grimaldi and have been in use since 1339, making the flag one of the world's oldest national banners

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 165) 7,672,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 34) 5.40%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 3) 115,700USD
Source industry (World Rank: 182) 14.00%
Source service (World Rank: 16) 86.00%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 188) 52,000
Products
Industries
  • - banking
  • - construction
  • - consumer products
  • - insurance
  • - small-scale industrial
  • - tourism

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 156) 46,575
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 1) 152.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 111) 109.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 200) 29,116
Population (World Rank: 12) 95.20%

Transport

Air
Heliports (World Rank: 109) 1.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 217) 77.00
Paved length (World Rank: 176) 77.00

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.