Maldives
in Southern Asia
Asia

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Rufiyaa - MVR
Spoken languages:
Dhivehi, English
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, D, G, J, K, L)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
MV
Internet top level domain:
.mv
Country phone prefix:
+960
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Maldives in Southern Asia

Safety Score: 2,5 of 5.0 based on data from 9 authorites. Meaning we advice caution when travelling to Maldives.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Maldives. Last Update: 2019-05-12 07:23:51

Explore Maldives

Maldives with its capital Male is located in Asia (Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean). It covers some 299 square kilometers (about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC) with a population of 392,709. Dhivehi and English are the languages spoken by people in Maldives. Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Maldives are an archipelago of 1,192 coral islands grouped into 26 coral atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands with tourist resorts) in the Indian Ocean. Tourism, Maldives largest industry, accounts for 20% of GDP and more than 60% of the Maldives' foreign exchange receipts. The Maldives are tropical, with plenty of sunshine and temperatures around 30°C throughout the year. However, rainfall increases considerably during the April-October southwest monsoon, particularly from June to August. Aside from making the water bungalow rock on your honeymoon, the primary activity on the Maldives is scuba diving. The atolls are all coral reefs hundreds of kilometers away from any major landmass, meaning that water clarity is excellent and underwater life is abundant.

Impressions from the Maldivian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Maldives

Administrative regions of Maldives

About the country

The topography is flat, with white sandy beaches. The average density of population is about 1,318 per km². The climate in Maldives can be described as tropicalhot, humid, dry, northeast monsoon (November to March), rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August). Potential natural disasters are low elevation of islands makes them sensitive to sea level rise tsunamis

To reach someone Maldives dial +960 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mv". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, D, G, J, K, L). The sign for the locally used currency Rufiyaa is MVR.

Red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent moon; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag; red recalls those who have sacrificed their lives in defense of their country, the green rectangle represents peace and prosperity, and the white crescent signifies Islam.

Flag of Maldives

A sultanate since the 12th century, the Maldives became a British protectorate in 1887. It became a republic in 1968, three years after independence. President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM dominated the islands' political scene for 30 years, elected to six successive terms by single-party referendums. Following political demonstrations in the capital Male in August 2003, GAYOOM and his government pledged to embark upon a process of liberalization and democratic reforms, including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Political parties were legalized in 2005. In June 2008, a constituent assembly - termed the "Special Majlis" - finalized a new constitution ratified by GAYOOM in August 2008. The first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate, multi-party system were held in October 2008. GAYOOM was defeated in a runoff poll by Mohamed NASHEED, a political activist who had been jailed several years earlier by the GAYOOM regime. NASHEED faced a number of challenges including strengthening democracy and combating poverty and drug abuse. In early February 2012, after several weeks of street protests in response to his ordering the arrest of a top judge, NASHEED resigned the presidency and handed over power to Vice President Mohammed WAHEED Hassan Maniku. In mid-2012, a Commission of National Inquiry was established by the government to probe events leading up to NASHEED's resignation. Though the commission found no evidence of a coup, the report recommended strengthening the country's democratic institutions to avert similar events in the future, and to investigate alleged police misconduct during the crisis. NASHEED, WAHEED, and Abdulla YAMEEN ran in the 2013 elections with YAMEEN ultimately winning the presidency after three rounds of voting. Maldivian officials have played a prominent role in international climate change discussions (due to the islands' vulnerability to rising sea-level).

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 207) 298sq km
Land (World Rank: 204) 298sq km
Forest (World Rank: 176) 3.30%
Comparative about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
644
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 235) 5m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 151) 23.30%
Arable (World Rank: 112) 10.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 33) 10.00%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 176) 3.30%
Map reference
Asia
Environment
Issues
  • - coral reef bleaching
  • - depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
Hazzards
  • - low elevation of islands makes them sensitive to sea level rise
  • - tsunamis
Location
Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India
Climate
tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)
Terrain
flat, with white sandy beaches

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 175) 392,709
Deathrate (World Rank: 209) 0.40%
Birthrate (World Rank: 113) 1.61%
Growthrate (World Rank: 197) -0.06%
Migration rate (World Rank: 178) -1.27%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 164) 1.73%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 129) 28.10
Female (World Rank: 137) 28.30
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 176) 42,871
0 14 female (World Rank: 176) 41,162
15 24 male (World Rank: 170) 45,547
15 24 female (World Rank: 174) 33,804
25 54 male (World Rank: 172) 106,701
25 54 female (World Rank: 174) 82,187
55 64 male (World Rank: 180) 11,312
55 64 female (World Rank: 180) 11,667
65 x male (World Rank: 183) 8,042
65 x female (World Rank: 183) 9,416
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 75) 2.20%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 96) 76years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 104) 78years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 89) 74years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 89) 1.58
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 49) 4.30
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 47) 97.90%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 148) 8.60%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 70) 98.60%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 173) 350,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 178) 325,500,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 52) 96.20%
Source renew (World Rank: 102) 3.80%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 158) 11,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 139) 10,760bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 135) 18
Carbon footprint
1200000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 40) 6% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 5) 14% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 169) -7% of GDP
National symbol
yellowfin tuna
National colours
white
Adjective
Maldivian
Noun
Maldivian(s)
Background
A sultanate since the 12th century, the Maldives became a British protectorate in 1887. It became a republic in 1968, three years after independence. President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM dominated the islands' political scene for 30 years, elected to six successive terms by single-party referendums. Following political demonstrations in the capital Male in August 2003, GAYOOM and his government pledged to embark upon a process of liberalization and democratic reforms, including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Political parties were legalized in 2005. In June 2008, a constituent assembly - termed the "Special Majlis" - finalized a new constitution ratified by GAYOOM in August 2008. The first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate, multi-party system were held in October 2008. GAYOOM was defeated in a runoff poll by Mohamed NASHEED, a political activist who had been jailed several years earlier by the GAYOOM regime. NASHEED faced a number of challenges including strengthening democracy and combating poverty and drug abuse. In early February 2012, after several weeks of street protests in response to his ordering the arrest of a top judge, NASHEED resigned the presidency and handed over power to Vice President Mohammed WAHEED Hassan Maniku. In mid-2012, a Commission of National Inquiry was established by the government to probe events leading up to NASHEED's resignation. Though the commission found no evidence of a coup, the report recommended strengthening the country's democratic institutions to avert similar events in the future, and to investigate alleged police misconduct during the crisis. NASHEED, WAHEED, and Abdulla YAMEEN ran in the 2013 elections with YAMEEN ultimately winning the presidency after three rounds of voting. Maldivian officials have played a prominent role in international climate change discussions (due to the islands' vulnerability to rising sea-level).
Flag description
red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent moon; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag; red recalls those who have sacrificed their lives in defense of their country, the green rectangle represents peace and prosperity, and the white crescent signifies Islam

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 170) 6,483,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 69) 3.90%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 91) 18,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 149) 3.00%
Source industry (World Rank: 171) 16.00%
Source service (World Rank: 25) 81.00%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 174) 195,100
In poverty (World Rank: 126) 16.00%
Products
Industries
  • - boat building
  • - coconut processing
  • - coral
  • - fish processing
  • - handicrafts
  • - rope
  • - sand mining
  • - shipping
  • - tourism
  • - woven mats
Agriculture
  • - coconuts
  • - corn
  • - fish
  • - sweet potatoes
Exports fish
Imports
  • - capital goods
  • - clothing
  • - intermediate
  • - petroleum products

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 172) 21,136
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 156) 5.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 5) 207.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 165) 232,210
Population (World Rank: 99) 59.10%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 129) 7.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 173) 2.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 215) 88.00