Liberia
in Western Africa
Africa

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - LRD
Spoken languages:
English
Local electricity:
120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
LR
Internet top level domain:
.lr
Country phone prefix:
+231
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Liberia

Liberia with its capital Monrovia is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 111,370 square kilometers (slightly larger than Tennessee) with 4,689,020 citizens. English is the language commonly spoken used in Liberia. Guinea, Ivory Coast and Sierra Leone are bordering countries.

Liberiais in West Africa. It is bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d'Ivoire. The equatorial climate is hot year-round with heavy rainfall from May to October with a short interlude in mid-July to August. Liberia is well-known for its beautiful masks. Masks are on sale around hotels and UN centres. After haggling, they will cost you about $25 (depending on the size etc.)

Popular Destinations in Liberia

Administrative regions of Liberia

About the country

The landscape is mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast. The average density of population is about 42 per km². The climate in Liberia can be described as tropicalhot, humid, dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights, wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers. Potential threats by nature are dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March).

To reach someone Liberia dial +231 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".lr". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is LRD.

11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a white five-pointed star appears on a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner; the stripes symbolize the signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence; the blue square represents the African mainland, and the star represents the freedom granted to the ex-slaves; according to the constitution, the blue color signifies liberty, justice, and fidelity, the white color purity, cleanliness, and guilelessness, and the red color steadfastness, valor, and fervor.

Flag of Liberia

Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendants of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for an election that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed in 2000. An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who was convicted by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in The Hague for his involvement in Sierra Leone's civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. She subsequently won reelection in 2011 and remains challenged to rebuild Liberia's economy, particularly following the 2014-15 Ebola epidemic, and to reconcile a nation still recovering from 14 years of fighting. The UN Security Council in September 2015 passed Resolution 2239, which renewed the mandate for the UN Mission in Liberia for another year. In July 2016, the UN handed over peacekeeping responsibility to Liberia and reduced the UN troop presence, which now serves a support role. Liberia is scheduled to hold presidential and legislative elections in October 2017. Constitutional term limits bar

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 105) 111,369sq km
Land (World Rank: 107) 96,320sq km
Water (World Rank: 36) 15,049sq km
Forest (World Rank: 83) 20.80%
Comparative slightly larger than Tennessee
Coastline
579
Landborder
1667
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 146) 1,447m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 143) 28.10%
Arable (World Rank: 149) 5.20%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 90) 2.10%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 83) 20.80%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 161) 30sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - loss of biodiversity
  • - pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage
  • - soil erosion
  • - tropical rain forest deforestation
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Agreement signed
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Marine Life Conservation
Hazzards dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)
Location
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Climate
tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
Terrain
mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 125) 4,689,020
Deathrate (World Rank: 105) 0.76%
Birthrate (World Rank: 10) 3.83%
Growthrate (World Rank: 20) 2.50%
Migration rate (World Rank: 160) -0.57%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 14) 5.06%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 213) 17.50
Female (World Rank: 213) 18.00
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 96) 1,038,450
0 14 female (World Rank: 96) 1,016,490
15 24 male (World Rank: 114) 457,806
15 24 female (World Rank: 112) 459,289
25 54 male (World Rank: 133) 699,879
25 54 female (World Rank: 130) 722,244
55 64 male (World Rank: 140) 82,616
55 64 female (World Rank: 142) 78,003
65 x male (World Rank: 139) 65,979
65 x female (World Rank: 145) 68,262
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 25) 5.22%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 191) 63years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 189) 66years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 190) 61years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 183) 0.01
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 155) 0.80
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 198) 16.90%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 141) 9.90%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 173) 75.60%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 200) 70,070,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 206) 39,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 120) 63.30%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 54) 36.70%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 165) 6,600bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 153) 6,611bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 141) 15
Carbon footprint
600000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 145) 3% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 138) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 25) 10% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 131) -4% of GDP
National symbol
white star
National colours
white
Adjective
Liberian
Noun
Liberian(s)
Background
Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendants of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for an election that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed in 2000. An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who was convicted by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in The Hague for his involvement in Sierra Leone's civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. She subsequently won reelection in 2011 and remains challenged to rebuild Liberia's economy, particularly following the 2014-15 Ebola epidemic, and to reconcile a nation still recovering from 14 years of fighting. The UN Security Council in September 2015 passed Resolution 2239, which renewed the mandate for the UN Mission in Liberia for another year. In July 2016, the UN handed over peacekeeping responsibility to Liberia and reduced the UN troop presence, which now serves a support role. Liberia is scheduled to hold presidential and legislative elections in October 2017. Constitutional term limits bar
Flag description
11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a white five-pointed star appears on a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner; the stripes symbolize the signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence; the blue square represents the African mainland, and the star represents the freedom granted to the ex-slaves; according to the constitution, the blue color signifies liberty, justice, and fidelity, the white color purity, cleanliness, and guilelessness, and the red color steadfastness, valor, and fervor

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 179) 3,743,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 196) -1.60%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 223) 900USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 13) 36.00%
Source industry (World Rank: 201) 10.40%
Source service (World Rank: 160) 53.50%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 127) 1,632,000
In poverty (World Rank: 17) 54.10%
Products
Industries
  • - diamonds
  • - gold
  • - iron ore
  • - mining
  • - palm oil processing
  • - rubber processing
Agriculture
  • - bananas
  • - cassava
  • - cocoa
  • - coffee
  • - goats
  • - manioc
  • - palm oil
  • - rice
  • - rubber
  • - sheep
  • - sugarcane
  • - tapioca
  • - timber
Exports
  • - cocoa
  • - coffee
  • - diamonds
  • - iron
  • - rubber
  • - timber
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - transportation equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 194) 8,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 186) 1.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 151) 89.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 157) 314,717
Population (World Rank: 214) 7.30%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 193) 2.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 90) 27.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 119) 429
Road
Total length (World Rank: 134) 10,600
Paved length (World Rank: 156) 657
Unpaved length (World Rank: 87) 9,943