Hong Kong
in Eastern Asia
Asia

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - HKD
Spoken languages:
Chinese, Chinese, English
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
HK
Internet top level domain:
.hk
Country phone prefix:
+852
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Hong Kong in Eastern Asia

Safety Score: 2,6 of 5.0 based on data from 9 authorites. Meaning we advice caution when travelling to Hong Kong.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Hong Kong. Last Update: 2019-12-08 07:21:32

Explore Hong Kong

Hong Kong with its capital Hong Kong is located in Asia (Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China). It covers some 1,109 square kilometers (six times the size of Washington, DC) with a population of 7,191,500. Chinese, Chinese and English are the languages spoken by people in Hong Kong (consider regional differences). Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

Hong Kong is a place with multiple personalities, as a result of being both Cantonese Chinese and under a more recent contemporary ex-British influence. Hong Kong has a subtropical climate with at least one season to match your comfort zone. Boasting one of the world's best airports, it is the ideal stopover for those who wish to travel deeper into the Orient. For those who are seeking warm, dry and sunny weather, the ideal time is October to December. Those who would like to escape the humidity of tropical climates will appreciate the cooler months of January to March.

Popular Destinations in Hong Kong

Administrative regions of Hong Kong

About the country

Website: Hong Kong Tourism

9-11/F Citicorp Centre
18 Whitfield Road
North Point
Hong Kong

Phone: +852 2807 6543
Mail: info@hktourismboard.com

The topography is hilly to mountainous with steep slopes with lowlands in north. The average density of population is about 6,491 per km². The climate in Hong Kong can be described as subtropical monsoon with cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall. Potential natural disasters are occasional typhoons.

To reach someone Hong Kong dial +852 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hk". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is HKD.

Red with a stylized, white, five-petal Bauhinia flower in the center; each petal contains a small, red, five-pointed star in its middle; the red color is the same as that on the Chinese flag and represents the motherland; the fragrant Bauhinia - developed in Hong Kong the late 19th century - has come to symbolize the region; the five stars echo those on the flag of China.

Flag of Hong Kong

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the subsequent 50 years.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 184) 1,108sq km
Land (World Rank: 181) 1,073sq km
Water (World Rank: 146) 35sq km
Forest (World Rank: 189) 0.90%
Comparative six times the size of Washington, DC
Coastline
733
Landborder
33
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 167) 958m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 209) 5.00%
Arable (World Rank: 164) 3.20%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 128) 0.90%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 189) 0.90%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 169) 10sq km
Map reference
Southeast Asia
Environment
Issues air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
Agreement party
  • - Marine Dumping (associate member)
  • - Ship Pollution (associate member)
Hazzards occasional typhoons
Location
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Climate
subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall
Terrain
hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 100) 7,191,500
Deathrate (World Rank: 114) 0.74%
Birthrate (World Rank: 206) 0.89%
Growthrate (World Rank: 170) 0.30%
Migration rate (World Rank: 51) 0.17%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 218) 1.19%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 12) 43.20
Female (World Rank: 19) 44.50
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 128) 462,748
0 14 female (World Rank: 129) 414,023
15 24 male (World Rank: 118) 392,167
15 24 female (World Rank: 119) 357,821
25 54 male (World Rank: 106) 1,370,210
25 54 female (World Rank: 91) 1,842,820
55 64 male (World Rank: 65) 559,421
55 64 female (World Rank: 63) 603,771
65 x male (World Rank: 61) 559,512
65 x female (World Rank: 66) 629,009
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 212) 0.27%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 7) 83years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 7) 86years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 9) 80years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 82) 1.78

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 60) 38,000,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 54) 42,000,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 54) 1,200,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 24) 10,000,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 3) 100.00%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 38) 353,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 79) 12,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 24) 359,800bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 80) 2,613,000,000
Import (World Rank: 69) 0
Carbon footprint
90000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 126) 3% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 12) 3% of GDP
National symbol
orchid tree flower
National colours
white
Adjective
Chinese/Hong Kong
Noun
Chinese/Hong Konger
Background
Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the subsequent 50 years.
Flag description
red with a stylized, white, five-petal Bauhinia flower in the center; each petal contains a small, red, five-pointed star in its middle; the red color is the same as that on the Chinese flag and represents the motherland; the fragrant Bauhinia - developed in Hong Kong the late 19th century - has come to symbolize the region; the five stars echo those on the flag of China

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 45) 429,700,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 142) 1.90%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 18) 58,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 216) 0.10%
Source industry (World Rank: 213) 7.20%
Source service (World Rank: 5) 92.80%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 94) 3,915,000
In poverty (World Rank: 110) 19.60%
Products
Industries
  • - banking
  • - clocks
  • - clothing
  • - electronics
  • - plastics
  • - shipping
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
  • - toys
  • - watches
Agriculture
  • - fish
  • - fresh vegetables
  • - fruit
  • - pork
  • - poultry
Exports
  • - apparel
  • - appliances
  • - clocks
  • - electrical machinery
  • - footwear
  • - plastics
  • - precious stones
  • - printed material
  • - textiles
  • - toys
  • - watches
Imports
  • - capital goods
  • - consumer goods
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuel (most is reexported)
  • - raw materials
  • - semi-manufactures

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 34) 4,323,290
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 7) 60.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 3) 234.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 68) 6,066,000
Population (World Rank: 34) 85.00%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 184) 2.00
Heliports (World Rank: 25) 9.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 173) 2,100
Paved length (World Rank: 126) 2,100