Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Bergwerk Rammelsberg und Altstadt von Goslar (Deutsche UNESCO- Kommission)(german only)
View photos from OUR PLACE the World Heritage collection
UNESCO Commission of Germany
Unesco World heritage since: 1992
Size of heritage: 1,010 ha
- Buffer zone: 5,655 ha
The Upper Harz mining water management system, which lies south of the Rammelsberg mines and the town of Goslar, has been developed over a period of some 800 years to assist in the process of extracting ore for the production of non-ferrous metals. Its construction was first undertaken in the Middle Ages by Cistercian monks, and it was then developed on a vast scale from the end of the 16th century until the 19th century. It is made up of an extremely complex but perfectly coherent system of artificial ponds, small channels, tunnels and underground drains. It enabled the development of water power for use in mining and metallurgical processes. It is a major site for mining innovation in the western world.
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The Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System
The Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Germany. This site encompasses the Rammelsberg mines, the historic town of Goslar, and the Upper Harz Water Management System. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1992 due to its outstanding universal value.
The history of this heritage site dates back to the 10th century when mining activities began at the Rammelsberg mines. These mines were a significant source of silver, lead, and zinc for over a millennium. The extraction of these minerals played a crucial role in the economic development of the region and contributed to the wealth and power of the Holy Roman Empire.
The town of Goslar, located near the mines, flourished as a result of the mining activities. It became an important center for trade and commerce, attracting merchants from all over Europe. The town's architecture reflects its prosperous past, with numerous well-preserved medieval buildings, including the Imperial Palace and the Market Square.
The Upper Harz Water Management System, an intricate network of reservoirs, channels, and water wheels, was developed to provide water for the mining operations. This system, which dates back to the 16th century, is a remarkable example of early industrial water management. It allowed for the efficient extraction of minerals by providing a constant supply of water to power the mining machinery.
Today, the Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System is a well-preserved and accessible heritage site. The Rammelsberg mines are open to visitors, offering guided tours that provide insights into the mining techniques and the lives of the miners. The underground mine museum showcases the tools and equipment used throughout history.
The historic town of Goslar continues to thrive as a vibrant cultural and tourist destination. Its well-preserved medieval architecture attracts visitors from around the world. The Imperial Palace, a prominent landmark, is open to the public and offers a glimpse into the grandeur of the past.
The Upper Harz Water Management System remains functional to this day. It is still used for water supply and flood control in the region. The system's engineering marvels, such as the dams, reservoirs, and water wheels, can be explored through hiking and biking trails that traverse the picturesque Harz Mountains.
The UNESCO World Heritage designation has helped raise awareness about the importance of preserving this site. Efforts have been made to ensure the sustainable management and conservation of the mines, the town, and the water management system. This includes ongoing maintenance, restoration projects, and educational programs to promote the understanding and appreciation of the site's historical and cultural significance.
The Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System is a testament to the ingenuity and perseverance of the people who shaped the region's history. It stands as a reminder of the significant role mining played in the development of Europe and the advancements in industrial water management.
Hotels and places to stay
Akzent Goldene Krone
Zellerfelder Hof Steakhouse
Lieblingsplatz mein Berghotel
CAREA Sunotel Kreuzeck
Videos from the area
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Webcams from the area
Medium airport - 36 mi (58 km) Oschersleben Airport
Small airport - 40 mi (65 km) Kassel-Calden Airport
Medium airport - 50 mi (81 km) Hannover Airport
Large airport - 52 mi (85 km) Celle Airport
Medium airport - 55 mi (89 km) Magdeburg Airport
Medium airport - 58 mi (93 km) Erfurt Airport
Medium airport - 64 mi (103 km) Fritzlar Airport
Medium airport - 67 mi (108 km) Leipzig Halle Airport
Large airport - 86 mi (139 km) Bremen Airport
Large airport - 107 mi (173 km) Hamburg Airport
Large airport - 126 mi (203 km) Nuremberg Airport
Large airport - 164 mi (264 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Lutter am Barenberge
- Osterode am Harz
- Schulenberg im Oberharz
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Bad Grund
- Frau Sophienhuette
- Herzog Juliushuette
- Ober Schulenberg