Explore Vietnam in Asia

Vietnam
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Vietnam with its capital Hanoi is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand). It covers some 329,561 square kilometres (slightly larger than New Mexico) with 86,116,000 citizens. Vietnamese, English, French, Chinese and Khmer are the languages spoken by people in Vietnam (consider regional differences). China, Laos and Cambodia are bordering countries.

Vietnam officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. Motorbike adventure tours: there are many tour operators who provide motorbike tours around the remote regions of Vietnam. Given that motorbikes are the main mode of transport in Vietnam, this can be a particularly authentic means of traveling through the country and visiting those off-the-beaten-track places. Most tours include accommodation, petrol, helmets, drivers and entry tickets to local places of interest. They usually speak good English or French and offer customised tours if desired.

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Pictures from the Vietnamese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Hanoi is like. We have selected more pictures from Hanoi on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Vietnam Tourism

80 Quan Su
Hanoi
Vietnam

Phone: +84 4 9421061

The topography features low, flat delta in south and north with central highlands and hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest. The average density of population is about 261 per km². The climate in Vietnam can be described as tropical in south with monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March). Potential natural disasters are occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta.

To reach someone in Vietnam dial +84 prior to a number. There are 17,427,000 installed telephones. And there are 98,224,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".vn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 127/220V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Vietnamese Facts page.

Description of the flag of Vietnam

Red field with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace - peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers - that unite to build socialism.

National administrative regions of Vietnam

Historical background information

The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under communist rule. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies, the persecution and mass exodus of individuals - many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants - and growing international isolation. However, since the enactment of Vietnam's "doi moi" (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The communist leaders, however, maintain control on political expression and have resisted outside calls to improve human rights. The country continues to experience small-scale protests from various groups - the vast majority connected to land-use issues, calls for increased political space, and the lack of equitable mechanisms for resolving disputes. Various ethnic minorities, such as the Montagnards of the Central Highlands and the Khmer Krom in the southern delta region, have also held protests.

Learn more on our Vietnamese Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.