Explore Venezuela in South America

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Venezuela with its capital Caracas is located in South America (Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 912,051 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of California) with 26,414,000 citizens. Spanish is the language commonly used in Venezuela. Guyana, Brazil and Colombia are bordering countries.

Venezuela is a country in South America. Having a shoreline along the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Venezuela borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east and Brazil to the south, and is situated on the major sea and air routes linking North and South America. The Angel Falls (Churun Meru) in the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall and one of Venezuela's major tourist attractions.


Pictures from the Venezuelan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Caracas is like. We have selected more pictures from Caracas on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

The topography features Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest with central plains (llanos) and Guiana Highlands in southeast. The average density of population is about 29 per km². The climate in Venezuela can be described as tropical with hot, humid, more moderate in highlands. Potential natural disasters are subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Venezuela dial +58 prior to a number. There are 6,867,000 installed telephones. And there are 28,124,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ve". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 120V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Venezuelan Facts page.

Description of the flag of Venezuela

Three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), blue, and red with the coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band and an arc of eight white five-pointed stars centered in the blue band; the flag retains the three equal horizontal bands and three main colors of the banner of Gran Colombia, the South American republic that broke up in 1830; yellow is interpreted as standing for the riches of the land, blue for the courage of its people, and red for the blood shed in attaining independence; the seven stars on the original flag represented the seven provinces in Venezuela that united in the war of independence; in 2006, President Hugo CHAVEZ ordered an eighth star added to the star arc - a decision that sparked much controversy - to conform with the flag proclaimed by Simon Bolivar in 1827 and to represent the province of Guayana.

National administrative regions of Venezuela

Historical background information

Venezuela was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and New Granada, which became Colombia). For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959. Hugo CHAVEZ, president from 1999 to 2013, sought to implement his "21st Century Socialism," which purported to alleviate social ills while at the same time attacking capitalist globalization and existing democratic institutions. Current concerns include: a weakening of democratic institutions, political polarization, a politicized military, rampant violent crime, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.

Learn more on our Venezuelan Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.