Discover Tunisia in Africa

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Tunisia with its capital Tunis is located in Africa (Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 163,611 square kilometres (slightly larger than Georgia) with 10,378,000 citizens. Arabic and French are some of the languages spoken by the majority in Tunisia. Did you know that it is sharing borders with Algeria and Libya.

Tunisia is a country in Northern Africa that has a Mediterranean Sea coastline in the very centre of Mediterranean Africa. Although Tunisia is best known today for its beach resort holidays, the country has an amazing heritage with some exceptional archaelogical remains to be explored. Little remains of Carthage, but what does is well presented and an absolute must see for every visitor to Tunisia. Tunisia has some of the most accessible, beautiful Saharan desert scenery. George Lucas fans will recognise the village of Matmata.

Pictures from the Tunisian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Tunis is like. We have selected more pictures from Tunis on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Tunisia Tourism

The terrain offers mountains in north with hot, dry central plain and semiarid south merges into the Sahara. The average density of population is about 63 per km². The climate in Tunisia can be described as temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers with desert in south. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Tunisia dial +216 prior to a number. There are 1,279,000 installed telephones. And there are 9,754,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".tn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.


Description of the flag of Tunisia

Red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam
note: the flag is based on that of Turkey, itself a successor state to the Ottoman Empire.


National administrative regions of Tunisia


Historical background information

Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths. On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, a "national unity government" was formed. Elections for the new Constituent Assembly were held in late October 2011, and in December, it elected human rights activist Moncef MARZOUKI as interim president. The Assembly began drafting a new constitution in February 2012, and released a second working draft in December 2012. The interim government has proposed presidential and parliamentary elections be held in 2013.

Demographic Information

Tunisia has 194 persons having reached the age of 100 years. Girls make up for 121 of this count (which is 62%). 778,045 young citizens below the age of five (and make up for 7% of the total population). 15.3 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Tunisian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Tunisia

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Algeria, Libya
Capital: Tunis
Size 163,610 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 63,170 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Georgia
Population 10,378,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dinar, Currency Code: TND
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .tn
Telephone Country Prefix +216
Mobile Phone Connections 9,754,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,279,000
Military Spendings 1.4% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 163,610 (sq km) 93

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 10,835,873 79
Population growth rate 0.95 (%) 120
Birth rate 17.12 (births/1,000 population) 112
Death rate 5.90 (deaths/1,000 population) 169
Net migration rate -1.76 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 157
Maternal mortality rate 56.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 103
Infant mortality rate 24.07 (deaths/1,000 live births) 79
Life expectancy at birth 75.46 (years) 93
Total fertility rate 2.01 (children born/woman) 127
Health expenditures 6.20 (% of GDP) 102
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 162
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 2,400 133
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 117
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 22.30 (%) 80
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 3.30 (%) 109
Education expenditures 6.20 (% of GDP) 35
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 30.7 (%) 21

Economy

Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 107,100,000,000 70
GDP - real growth rate 3.60 (%) 93
GDP - per capita (PPP) 9,900 120
Labor force 4,014,000 91
Unemployment rate 18.80 (%) 157
Distribution of family income - Gini index 40 61
Investment (gross fixed) 23.10 (% of GDP) 64
Taxes and other revenues 23.3 (% of GDP) 134
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -8.30 (% of GDP) 200
Public debt 52.30 (% of GDP) 58
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.90 (%) 156
Commercial bank prime lending rate 6.76 (%) 132
Stock of narrow money 13,830,000,000 71
Stock of broad money 31,060,000,000 75
Stock of domestic credit 37,010,000,000 69
Market value of publicly traded shares 10,680,000,000 72
Industrial production growth rate -6.40 (%) 165
Current account balance -3,570,000,000 152
Exports 17,870,000,000 77
Imports 23,490,000,000 72
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 7,424,000,000 79
Debt - external 25,400,000,000 75
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 33,660,000,000 59
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 345,000,000 81

Energy

Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 14,760,000,000 (kWh) 85
Electricity - consumption 12,750,000,000 (kWh) 82
Electricity - exports 81,000,000 (kWh) 75
Electricity - imports 122,000,000 (kWh) 91
Electricity - installed generating capacity 3648000 (kW) 82
Electricity - from fossil fuels 96.9 (% of total installed capacity) 64
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 1.7 (% of total installed capacity) 140
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1.4 (% of total installed capacity) 68
Crude oil - production 70,480 (bbl/day) 55
Crude oil - exports 65,960 (bbl/day) 43
Crude oil - imports 24,580 (bbl/day) 68
Crude oil - proved reserves 425000000 (bbl) 54
Refined petroleum products - production 36,670 (bbl/day) 90
Refined petroleum products - consumption 88,380 (bbl/day) 83
Refined petroleum products - exports 15,270 (bbl/day) 80
Refined petroleum products - imports 74,600 (bbl/day) 55
Natural gas - production 2,030,000,000 (cu m) 57
Natural gas - consumption 3,280,000,000 (cu m) 72
Natural gas - imports 1,250,000,000 (cu m) 55
Natural gas - proved reserves 65,130,000,000 (cu m) 63
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 18,720,000 (Mt) 86

Communications

Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,218,000 69
Telephones - mobile cellular 12,388,000 63
Internet hosts 576 180
Internet users 3,500,000 60

Transportation

Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 29 118
Railways 2,165 (km) 68
Roadways 19,232 (km) 110
Merchant marine 9 116

Military

Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 98

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.