Explore Tunisia in Africa

Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Tunisia with its capital Tunis is located in Africa (Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 163,611 square kilometres (slightly larger than Georgia) with 10,378,000 citizens. Arabic and French are the some of the languages spoken by the majority in Tunisia. It is charing borders with Algeria and Libya.

Tunisia is a country in Northern Africa that has a Mediterranean Sea coastline in the very centre of Mediterranean Africa. Although Tunisia is best known today for its beach resort holidays, the country has an amazing heritage with some exceptional archaelogical remains to be explored. Little remains of Carthage, but what does is well presented and an absolute must see for every visitor to Tunisia. Tunisia has some of the most accessible, beautiful Saharan desert scenery. George Lucas fans will recognise the village of Matmata.


Pictures from the Tunisian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Tunis is like. We have selected more pictures from Tunis on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Tunisia Tourism

The terrain offers mountains in north with hot, dry central plain and semiarid south merges into the Sahara. The average density of population is about 63 per km². The climate in Tunisia can be described as temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers with desert in south. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Tunisia dial +216 prior to a number. There are 1,279,000 installed telephones. And there are 9,754,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".tn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Tunisian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Tunisia

Red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam
note: the flag is based on that of Turkey, itself a successor state to the Ottoman Empire.

National administrative regions of Tunisia

Historical background information

Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths. On 14 January 2011, the same day BEN ALI dismissed the government, he fled the country, and by late January 2011, a "national unity government" was formed. Elections for the new Constituent Assembly were held in late October 2011, and in December, it elected human rights activist Moncef MARZOUKI as interim president. The Assembly began drafting a new constitution in February 2012, and released a second working draft in December 2012. The interim government has proposed presidential and parliamentary elections be held in 2013.

Learn more on our Tunisian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.